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Was the policy towards aborigines in australia in the 19th and 20th centuries genocidal

Longtime Australian policy: Kidnapping children from families

Australia tried a different approach. In 1937, the chief protector of Aboriginals in Western Australia, A. Taking part-Aboriginal children from their mothers and families by force was part of this ambition. Over the years, various regulations had been invoked to make this possible. White man with Aboriginal woman In 1918, while the war in Europe was still on, the Australian government found time to pass regulations designed to segregate Aboriginals from the white population and reduce the number of children with mixed blood.

It was now illegal for a white man to live with an Aboriginal woman. No mention was made of a white woman living with an Aboriginal man because such a situation was considered unthinkable.

This met the approval of the Perth Sunday Times: The greatest danger, experts agree, is that three races will develop in Australia — white, black, and the pathetic, sinister third race which is neither.

This was just another part of a process that lasted from the late 19th century until the middle 1960s.

To this day, no one is certain how many were involved — but Aboriginal authorities say at least 30,000. The 1918 law caused no outcry. Government figures released in 1921 suggested that there were only 75,000 Aboriginals left, the lowest figure ever, and that since colonization, their ranks had been reduced by nearly 80 per cent.

Australia’s 'sanitized' genocide against Aborigines in the 21st century

There is doubt that these figures were accurate. In the 1970s, a period of strong Aboriginal activism, many Aboriginal leaders I spoke with said that they had done their own, admittedly limited, census-taking in their own areas, and that their figures for the number of Aboriginals suggested that the official figures had been understated by anything from 25 to 50 per cent. But the low official figures enabled the authorities to argue that since Aboriginals were dying out anyway, the new legislation was aimed at easing their passing and finding decent homes for their children, especially those who had some white blood or light-colored skin.

Kidnapping becomes government policy This cannot be over-emphasized: The Australian government literally kidnapped these children from their parents as a matter of policy.

Why the number of Indigenous deaths in the frontier wars matters

White welfare officers, often supported by police, would descend on Aboriginal camps, round up all the children, separate the ones with light-colored skin, bundle them into trucks and take them away. If their parents protested, they were held at bay by the police. Sometimes, to avoid harrowing scenes of parents clinging to the sides of the trucks, and to frustrate attempts to hide the children when the trucks drove into the camp, the authorities resorted to subterfuge.

They would fit out the back of a truck with a wire cage and a spring door — like an animal trap. Then they would park the truck a short distance from the camp and lure the children into the cage with sweets scattered on its door.

When enough children were in the cage, they would spring the trap door and drive rapidly away. Aboriginals tried to save their children by blackening their skin so that they did not look half-caste. Mothers were equally stricken.

  • According to a recent study 2009;
  • No mention was made of a white woman living with an Aboriginal man because such a situation was considered unthinkable.

And of an Aboriginal family who for 32 years carried out a ritual mourning ceremony every sunrise and sunset to mark the loss of their daughter. Siblings separated — easier to control Where the children were taken depended on how old and how light-skinned they were.

There, they were beaten and sometimes sexually abused. The prime minister, Stanley Bruce, thought something should be done about the half-caste homes and made an approach to the South Australian government to try to persuade it to help.

These persons of Aboriginal blood almost invariably mate with the lowest class of whites and, in many cases, the girls become prostitutes.

Compassion would not be allowed to stand in the way of progress. They fought a war against them as ferocious as the Indian wars in America, if not on the same scale. Aboriginals held their own against the flintlock because it could be fired and reloaded only three times a minute, leaving an interval long enough for an Aboriginal warrior to hurl several spears.

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But when the Terry breech-loading rifle and then the Snider came along, the Aboriginals had no chance and war changed to massacre in which neither women nor children were spared. These massacres continued well into the 20th century.

  • According to this report around 10,000 Aborigines were killed from 1824 to 1908 in Queensland;
  • They fought a war against them as ferocious as the Indian wars in America, if not on the same scale;
  • In 1937, the chief protector of Aboriginals in Western Australia, A;
  • While forced removal of children was the cornerstone to destroy the rest of the surviving Aboriginal languages and dialects, children were also encouraged to abandon and deny their Aboriginal heritage and language, and adopt western standards;
  • The answer was to take such children, as young as possible, from their Aboriginal mothers, bring them up in a white environment and then marry them off to white people.

The answer was to take such children, as young as possible, from their Aboriginal mothers, bring them up in a white environment and then marry them off to white people. In this way the Aboriginal strain of blood would be bred out in a few generations. It did not matter if the Aboriginal mother were a good one and objected to her child being taken.

How much Australia in general knew of this theft of children is disputed. It happened in remote places, parts of the country that most metropolitan Australians never visited and cared little about.

There has to be more to it than this. Where were the historians, the writers, the filmmakers, the social workers, the lawyers, the clergy, the campaigning journalists? But when the stolen generation was being dragged from its family, kicking, screaming and crying — and this went on right up into the 1970s — they were nowhere to be seen. We shall be better able to evaluate this policy when another race applies it to ourselves as the absorption of the white race and the breeding out of white people.

The answer can be found in a letter, written on behalf of John Howard, who was elected prime minister in 1996, explaining why the Australian government had refused to apologize to the stolen generation. Stealing a generation of Aboriginal children from their families might have been legal but it was also immoral.

Lawyers can argue about the definition of genocide, but for power and simplicity it is hard to beat Hannah Arendt. Writing in Eichmann in Jerusalem, she said that genocide was the desire to make a distinct people disappear from the earth.

That was the shameful desire of the Australian government for at least 60 years.

  • This kind of segregation was meant to ensure that nobody got in or out;
  • The hole was vast and profound.