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The statistics of birth defects and related complications

Risk Factors Nativity Research conducted on infant mortality showed that infants of U.

Pregnancy-related Complications

Some of these behaviors like decreased fiber consumption and increased use of alcohol and cigarettes diet are what lead to infant death rates Hamisu. Poor pre and postnatal care Since many Latinas are faced with poverty and a low education, they receive poor or no pre and postnatal care. Studies have shown that few Latina mothers get or have access to prenatal care.

Because of minimal medical monitoring of pregnant Latinas, infant mortality rates are more likely to increase since health problems go unnoticed.

  • Tribe, lead investigator of the study at King's College London;
  • Most birth defects are present within the first three months of pregnancy, when the organs are still forming;
  • These supplements should also be taken throughout the pregnancy;
  • Risk increases under any of the following conditions;
  • For some birth defects, like fetal alcohol syndrome, we know the cause;
  • Miscarriage The risk of miscarriage climbs gradually with the mother's age.

This greatly increases the risk of pregnancy related complications and infections that go on to affect an infant after birth. In addition, problems like malnutrition, low birth weight and birth defects could arise as a result therefore increasing the chances of infant mortality.

Pregnancy after 35: What are the risks?

Age at Pregnancy Age at which a mother gives birth is another factor that affects infant mortality rates. Medical research shows that giving birth at a very young age teenager and old age above 35 could increase the risks of infant mortality.

Birth defect rate pegged at 7 percent for babies born to Zika-infected women

Teenagers are associated with low birth weight babies and older Latina mothers with birth defect babies; both are factors that lead to infant mortality, Latinas continue to give birth even after 35 and have high prevalence of teenage pregnancies, greatly increasing risks for infant mortality. Causes According to the National Vital Statistics report, the four leading causes of infant mortality in Latinos respectively includes birth defects, low birth weight, maternal complications, and sudden death syndrome.

Some of these causes are related and caused as a result of another.


To examine these causes, we look at them closely as shown below: Infants of Hispanic mothers compared with infants of other mothers had a significantly higher birth prevalence of Neanderthals, spina bifida, encephalocele, gastroschisis, and Down syndrome compared with infants of other non Hispanic mothers. From the National Vital Statistics Reports in 2003, birth defects are the leading cause of death in infant Latinos.

  • Qureshi and colleagues found that all the risks, except for hemorrhagic stroke, were explained by well-known risk factors for cardiovascular disease - such as high blood pressure , diabetes, and high cholesterol - that older pregnant women face;
  • Other research has found that risk of maternal mortality also increases with age;
  • In a group of mice that represented women over 35 years old, muscle contraction properties in the uterus were found to be impaired, less sensitive to oxytocin , and have reduced mitochondria numbers, all of which suggest that the uterus muscles are less able to contract properly;
  • How are birth defects treated?
  • While we still have more work to do, we have learned a lot about birth defects through past research.

Though it is not quite known why this is so, more research conducted on birth defects could open a door for solutions. Low birth weight among Latino babies can be due to many factors.

Medical studies show that among Latinos, it is mainly prevalent in the Puerto Rican community due to factors like poor nutrition, maternal sickness, and teenage pregnancy and other maternal complications.

Data & Statistics

Maternal Complications Maternal complications among Latinas is another great cause of infant death in Latinos before age one. Complications usually arise because of minimal access to medical care.

  • Parents may be instructed to follow specific instructions for feeding, bathing, and monitoring an infant with a birth defect;
  • If a baby is born with a part of the body that is missing or malformed, it is called a structural birth defect;
  • For example, the rate of having a baby with Down syndrome accelerates with maternal age;
  • These supplements should also be taken throughout the pregnancy.

These complications go on to affect the health and also the growth of the fetus. Sudden Infant Death Syndrome Sudden infant death syndrome SIDSthe leading cause of post neonatal mortality in the United States, currently accounts for approximately 3000 deaths per year.