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The role of v chip evolving telecommunications reulations

History[ edit ] In 1975, the Family Viewing Hour was introduced in the United States, in which broadcasters had to play TV content suitable for all ages. This idea was quickly abandoned because broadcasters felt it violated their First Amendment rights by restricting what content they could play. The inventor of the V-chip technology originally meant for it to be a simple tool that parents could use to restrict their children's television viewing.

He did not expect it would become a national standard for all televisions. This sparked interest, but no steps were taken for implementation. In 1994 the technology was presented at a Violence on TV conference in France and later again at a conference in Belgium. This is where Al Gore first became familiarized with the concept of the V-Chip and the exposure helped him to advise Bill Clinton which led to the decision to pass the Telecommunications Act of 1996.

The reports all concluded that violence on television in Canada was a serious problem.

  • The reports all concluded that violence on television in Canada was a serious problem;
  • The Act overrules all state restrictions on competition in local and long-distance telephone service;
  • The Baby Bells are freed to provide long-distance service outside their regions immediately, and inside their regions once completing a series of steps to remove entry bariers for local telephone competition;
  • The V-chip is also supported by other websites like FamilySafeMedia;
  • Over the course of a year, families' use of the V-chip technology was observed to draw conclusions about the overall use of the V-chip in family environments.

The television industry was given the opportunity to establish ratings for its programming. In addition, the Federal Communications Commission supported the act and worked to enforce it. The portion of the overall act that affects the V-chip is of Title V. Also addressed is the inclusion of the implementation of a rating code for violence within television programming. Parents should be informed of the content of a program prior to its airing so that appropriate precautions may be made to protect their children from said material.

  1. This would be seen as a clear example of "regulatory overkill.
  2. Networks would for the first time be allowed to own cable television systems, but no network could acquire another network.
  3. The Internet and Online Computer Services The Act's provisions on "indecent" Internet and computer network communications, known as the "Communications Decency Act of 1996," are frightening to on-line enthusiasts and a blessed relief to conservative religious activists. As far as it is concerned, these programs are very effective and do not need any modification or alteration.

The V-Chip technology would be employed in such an event. TV parental guidelines US In 1996, the United States Congress decreed that the television industry should create a voluntary rating system for its shows called the TV parental guidelines. Altogether the FCC chairman, six members from each broadcasting industry and the five non-industry members make up a total of 24 participants. TV-Y includes all television programs designed to be appropriate for all children.

TV-Y7 programs are directed to older children, specifically aged 7 and above. TV-Y7-FV programs are also directed to older children aged 7 and above with the addition that this rating denotes fantasy or animated violence.

TV-G includes programs appropriate for all ages because it contains little to no violence, no strong language, and little to no sexual situations. TV-PG programs may include materials that parents may find unsuitable, including moderate violence, some sexual situations, or infrequent coarse language. TV-14 programs have parents strongly cautioned for materials unsuitable for children under 14 years of age. Finally, TV-MA programs are specifically designed to be viewed by adults aged 17 and up.

Invention and patent[ edit ] Invention[ edit ] Tim Collings states he developed the V-chip technology while he was an engineering professor at Simon Fraser University in British Columbia; however, he did not obtain a patent on the technology.

Summary of the Act

Gardner in 1994 [2] and tested in Canada. The patent was number 5,550,575. Collings, Olivo, and Elam all claim to have invented the technology. The report discusses the low usage of V-chip technology.

In its analysis, the report addresses the following studies: According to a 2003 study, parents' low level of V-chip use is explained in part by their unawareness of the device and the "multi-step and often confusing process" necessary to use it. The results of that survey showed: They also feared that they would lose advertising revenue because advertisers would not pay for time slots during programs that might be blocked.

In ACLU's website, ACLU quoted the FTC in saying, "Most researchers and investigators agree that exposure to media violence alone does not cause a child to commit a violent act, and that it is not the sole, or even the most important, factor in contributing to youth aggression, anti-social attitudes, and violence.

Balkin, author of Media Filters and the V-Chip, people "want to filter out dangerous ideas and views they do not agree with or expressions that offend and anger them.

  • Nondiscrimination requirements, restrictions on joint manufacturing ventures and the role of the Bellcore, the Baby Bells' research entity, in setting standards, and a requirement that the FCC promulgate rules making telephone equipment accessible by people with disabilities are also included;
  • Television broadcast networks would for the first time be allowed to own cable television systems, but no network could acquire another network.

Balkin says some people believe that the use of the V-chip is a way for the government to "intervene and impose binding moral standards" on others. Expenses[ edit ] While the V-chip is fairly inexpensive to add to individual television sets, a large amount of money has been spent educating people on the technology.

According to this argument, because the government regulates the rating system, it is also regulating much of parents' decision making processes on their children's viewing habits. The government should not replace parents as decision makers in America's living rooms. There are some things that the government does well. But deciding what is aired and when on television is not one of them.

Conceptually, it's not bad, but practically, it's abhorrent. The study was conducted on a total of 150 families with children between the ages of 7 and 10 who had V-chip television sets in their homes.

Over the course of a year, families' use of the V-chip technology was observed to draw conclusions about the overall use of the V-chip in family environments. Three experimental groups High Information, Low Information, Control Group were used to determine how crucial pre-emptive training and informational sessions on the V-chip were to their actual use. The first group was given a new TV, equipped with V-chip technology, and detailed information about the V-chip.

The second group was also given a new TV equipped with V-chip technology but no special training on the V-chip. The control group was not given a new TV or special training but was followed over the same time period to observe their V-chip use.

Overall, the study found this: Even families who were given extensive information on the V-chip still opted to not use the technology. Overall, this study suggests that there are an insufficient number of households that implement the V-chip technology.

Highlights

When Congressman Ed Markey, chair of the House Telecommunications Subcommittee, introduced the first V-chip legislation, he told the press that parents "will be given the power to send a message directly to the industry.

The government will not be involved. Television Watch While the U. Federal Communications Commission FCC and Parents Television Council PTC research has shown low percentages in parental involvement in television viewing control, Television Watcha Charleston, South Carolina -based organization advocating the use of parental controls like the V-chip, has consistently found otherwise in its research. They found in June 2007 that the majority of parents personally monitor their children's television viewing in some way, whether through use of the V-chip or other means.

  1. The website explains the various options for controlling children's viewing patterns.
  2. Ernest Hollings -- that almost derailed the entire legislation.
  3. TV-Y7-FV programs are also directed to older children aged 7 and above with the addition that this rating denotes fantasy or animated violence. The FCC also is required to conduct a biennial review of its regulations and repeal any regulations that it finds are "no longer necessary in the public interest as the result of meaningful economic competition between providers of services.
  4. The report discusses the low usage of V-chip technology. One such site that explains the ratings system is TheTVBoss.
  5. Cable set-top boxes will be sold at retail , and the FCC is restricted from affecting computer network services in designing cable equipment rules. The report discusses the low usage of V-chip technology.

TV Watch has also found that most parents know that they have the option of the V-chip or other parental controls to monitor their children's television viewing, and believe it is primarily their responsibility, not that of the government, to protect children from inappropriate content on television. Therefore, some say[ who? One such site that explains the ratings system is TheTVBoss.

The website explains the various options for controlling children's viewing patterns. It also contains instructions for activating the chip.

The V-chip is also supported by other websites like FamilySafeMedia. Please improve it by verifying the claims made and adding inline citations. Statements consisting only of original research should be removed.

June 2010 Learn how and when to remove this template message The V-chip has provided parents and guardians the ability to monitor and block television shows that are unfavorable for children to watch in specific households by reading the information that is encoded in the rated program and blocking it based upon that rating it has been given. This causes the V-Chip to be ineffective unless it applies to both television programs as well as commercials.

The Association of National Advertisers ANA disagrees with creating a V-chip for commercials because it would block commercials and therefore be "economically ruinous for content providers, especially broadcasters. The ANA also believes that rating thousands of commercials due to a select amount being inappropriate would be a waste of time.

OVERVIEW OF THE TELECOMMUNICATIONS ACT OF 1996

This would be seen as a clear example of "regulatory overkill. It also self-regulates which programs certain types of ads can be placed in. As far as it is concerned, these programs are very effective and do not need any modification or alteration. Because rating commercials globally would be a difficult task, a possible suggestion would be to limit inappropriate commercials and promotions shown at certain times that children watch television.