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The results of the inadequacies of henry vi as king in 1455

The origins of the conflict have been the subject of much debate. Yet this system can be seen as promoting stability in periods of strong rule as well as undermining weak rule such as that of Henry VI. The Duke of York had a claim to the throne in two lines of descent.

According to feudal principles he had a better hereditary right than anyone of the Lancastrian line.

The results of the inadequacies of henry vi as king in 1455

Early in 1455 Henry recovered his wits. During his spell of insanity his queen had a son, Edward, which changed the balance of politics.

York was no longer the heir apparent, and the country was faced with the prospect, should the king die, of another lengthy minority. In 1455 York gathered forces in the north, alleging that he could not safely attend a council called to meet at Leicester without the support of his troops. He met the king at St.

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Somerset was slain and the king captured. A Yorkist regime was set up, with York as constable and the Earl of Warwickemerging as the strong support of the Yorkist cause, as captain of Calais.

The king fell ill again in the autumn of 1455, and York was again protector for a brief period; the king, however, recovered early in 1456.

Hostilities were renewed in 1459. The Yorkists fled without fighting before a royal force at Ludford Bridge, but the Lancastrians failed to make the most of the opportunity. Demands for money, purveyances, and commissions of array increased the burdens but not the benefits of Lancastrian rule.

Henry VI's weakness as a King Directly Led to the outbreak of war in 1455.

A brief battle at Northampton in July went overwhelmingly for the Yorkists, and the king was captured. During the fortnight of debate the Lancastrians regrouped, and when Richard met them at Wakefieldhe was defeated and killed. Warwick, somewhat later, was defeated at St. He was crowned king on June 28, but dated his reign from March 4, the day the London citizens and soldiers recognized his right as king.

The results of the inadequacies of henry vi as king in 1455

Edward IV 1461—70 and 1471—83 During the early years of his reign, from 1461 to 1470, Edward was chiefly concerned with putting down opposition to his rule. Lancastrian resistance in the northeast and in Wales caused problems. Edward, however, refused to be dominated by him, particularly with respect to his marriage.

The old king, dressed in worn and unregal clothing, was from time to time exhibited to the London citizens, while Warwick conducted the government. Edward IV went into brief exile in the Netherlands.

But with the help of his brother-in-law, Charles the Bold, he recovered his throne in the spring of 1471 after a rapid campaign with successes at Barnet and Tewkesbury.

Henry VI was put to death in the Tower, and his son was killed in battle. The one event reminiscent of the politics of the early reign was the trial of the Duke of Clarence, who was attainted in Parliament in 1478 and put to death, reputedly by drowning in a butt of Malmsey wine.

But Edward was popular. Because his personal resources from the duchy of York were considerable and because he agreed early in his reign to acts of resumption whereby former royal estates were taken back into royal hands, Edward had a large personal income and was less in need of parliamentary grants than his predecessors had been. Thus he levied few subsidies and called Parliament only six times. Among the few subsidies Edward did levy were benevolencessupposedly voluntary gifts, from his subjects primarily to defray the expenses of war.

In 1475 Edward took an army to France but accepted a pension from the French king for not fighting, thereby increasing his financial independence still further. He was a pragmatic ruler, whose greatest achievement was to restore the prestige of the monarchy. Where he failed was to make proper provision for the succession after his death.

Edward died in 1483, at age 40, worn out, it was said, by sexual excesses and by debauchery. He proceeded to eliminate those who opposed his function as protector and defender of the realm and guardian to the young Edward V.

Henry VI (1421 - 1471)

He accepted and was duly crowned king on July 6, taking the oath in English. Richard III 1483—85 Richard was readily accepted no doubt because of his reputed ability and because people feared the insecurity of a long minority. The tide began to turn against him in October 1483, when it began to be rumoured that he had murdered or connived at the murder of his nephews.

Legislation against benevolences and protection for English merchants and craftsmen did little to counteract his reputation as a treacherous friend and a wicked uncle.

Rebellion failed in 1483.