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The consequences of the pursuit of revenge in hamlet a play by william shakespeare

Only then may he begin to accept the knowledge as truth and act accordingly. Optionlock Story Limit Though the Ghost is impatient for revenge, there is plenty of time to murder Claudius. There are, however, only so many ways to bring about the downfall of Claudius without bringing down the rest of the royal family and friends.

Failure Story Outcome In the effort to bring down Claudius and restore balance in the kingdom, many lives are lost—including all those of the royal family. Hamlet is dead, the great promise of his life forever lost. Something is indeed rotten in the state of Denmark. The monarch on whom the health and safety of the kingdom depend is a murderer.

Yet few persons know his secret: Hamlet, Horatio only belatedly, Claudius himself, and ourselves as audience. For, according to their own lights, Polonius and the rest behave as courtiers normally behave, obeying and flattering a king whom they acknowledge as their legitimate ruler.

Hamlet, for his part, is so obsessed with the secret murder that he overreacts to those around him, rejecting overtures of friendship and becoming embittered, callous, brutal, and even violent. His antisocial behavior gives the others good reason to fear him as a menace to the state.

Nevertheless, we share with Hamlet a knowledge of the truth and know that he is right, whereas the others are at best unhappily deceived by their own blind complicity in evil. Actuality Overall Story Response Hamlet is constantly trying to expose the true nature of people and events, for example, are Rosencrantz and Guildenstern really his friends or agents of the King?

Subconscious Overall Story Benchmark The means by which progress is measured in the objective story are basic human drives and desires: He soon meets with a specter claiming to be the ghost of his father.

Revenge themes in hamlet

The Ghost tells him he was murdered by his brother, King Claudius, and commands Hamlet to seek revenge. Hamlet agrees to do so, but conflicted by his own nature, he does not act immediately. King Claudius and his councillor, Polonius, have their suspicions about the young man and keep close watch. Falsehood and playacting occur on all sides creating mayhem and madness.

Revenge is eventually exacted, but at a cost far too dear; all the primary objective characters, with the exception of Horatio, suffer a tragic death. That law is based upon the sacramental view of a mystical bond formed in marriage which creates a relationship between man and wife as close as that which exists between blood relations. Traditionally, incest was considered to be an offense against the whole of society. Lowers 21 Main Character Throughline Psychology Main Character Throughline Hamlet is a seriously introspective man, tending to bouts of melancholy and mind games.

Certain critics [notably A.

The Next Chapter in Story Development

In an age when the proper study of mankind was man, it seems improbable that a writer like Shakespeare, with his manifest intellectual curiosity and acquisitive mind, was unfamiliar with contemporary ideas regarding the causes, symptoms, and results of melancholy.

He wishes to be remembered as the worthy son of the superior King Hamlet, as minister called upon to execute public justice, not as scourge. Is he sane, or does he just think he is?

  1. This interpretation proves that the contradictions are not accidental but have been introduced intentionally and that, moreover, they are only seemingly fortuitous. On the one hand, Hamlet must avenge his father and let no internal or external causes prevent him from going into action.
  2. Since none of these interpretations allows for an exhaustive explanation of the tragedy, we can positively say that they are devoid of any scientific significance, for exactly opposite views may exist just as rightfully. Significantly, in this part of the play Hieronimo begins to speak more often in soliloquy.
  3. His success does not result from his own manipulative schemes. But if we overstep the boundary and assume that by establishing the necessity of some technical measure we have solved the problem of the play, we commit a grave error.
  4. And William Hazlitt continues.

And William Hazlitt continues: Change Main Character Symptom Hamlet focuses on the changes that have occurred around him and sees them as the source of his troubles: Inertia Main Character Response Hamlet would like things to go back to the way they were before his father died—sans Claudius, of course. He has complete access to the castle, to finances, to his mother the queen, and most importantly to the king and his private chambers. Interpretation Main Character Critical Flaw Combined with his penchant for thought, Hamlet is constantly finding multitudes of meaning in things—many of which are completely misconstrued and undermine his efforts.

Publicly, he appears to grow crazier and crazier. Privately, however, he appears to become more and more heartsick and accepting of the death he feared so much in the beginning.

Hamlet does not move from a state of well-being or happiness to adversity and suffering. Influence Character Throughline The Ghost — The spirit of King Hamlet Physics Influence Character Throughline The Ghost is the spirit of King Hamlet who is doomed to walk the earth during the nights and endure purgatorial fires during the daytime in expiation of sins committed during life.

Understanding Influence Character Concern The Ghost wants everybody, particularly Hamlet, to understand what happened to him—the manner of his death, and so forth. The prevailing theories were that a ghost may be 1 a hallucination, 2 a spirit returned to perform some deed left undone in life, 3 a specter seen as a portent, 4 a spirit returned from the grave from purgatory by divine permission, or 5 a devil disguised as a dead person.

Lowers 16 Conditioning Influence Character Counterpoint The prevailing theories were that a ghost may be 1 a hallucination, 2 a spirit returned to perform some deed left undone in life, 3 a specter seen as a portent, 4 a spirit returned from the grave from purgatory by divine permission, or 5 a devil disguised as a dead person.

In the course of the play each of these theories is put to the test. Immediately the first is rejected, but much later in the play it will arise again. The educated, skeptical Horatio proves to his own satisfaction that this particular ghost is a real one, not an illusion.

Horatio properly is called upon to question it [the Ghost] because he is a scholar, trained in Latin and knowledgeable in arcane things. Conditioning Because of conditioning in life, the Ghost of the late King appears in the same armor he was known to wear and on familiar territory, the royal castle at Elsinore.

  • A spectator approaches the problem of a tragic character in a similar fashion;
  • His outlook and conduct suggest the kind of world in which Hamlet is now living;
  • Among the cases that show the inevitability of the exit of the actors from the stage, or the impossibility of having the play or scene end with a group of persons on stage, we have those in which there are corpses on stage;
  • His family fell into poverty, while the Duke, Duchess and their decadent sons acquired wealth and power;
  • What is so unusual about this scene is the fact that for some unexplained reason Hamlet kills the king twice, first with the tainted sword, then with the poisoned potion.

However, his instincts to flee the coming of the morning—even when he desires to stick around—illustrates the conflict of instinct vs. Aware Influence Character Solution As he becomes less focused on himself and more aware of what is transpiring in the castle, the Ghost begins to lose its vehemence, particularly when it comes to his antagonism toward the queen. For example, the Ghost asks Hamlet to speak with Gertrude: Actuality Claudius truly murdered King Hamlet, and the impact of its revelation on Hamlet is tremendous.

Senses Influence Character Unique Ability Sometimes other people cannot see the Ghost which makes it difficult for Hamlet to deal with the seeming reality of the Ghost and the demands it has made upon him. Neill Influence Character Backstory One of the prime concerns of the Ghost is that, as a mortal, it was denied the opportunity to be shriven receive absolution for sins prior to death and thus must endure spiritual purgation before it can be admitted to heaven.

Obviously he was not perfect; no mortal is, according to church doctrine because mankind remains tainted as the result of original sin. The Ghost is only too aware of mortal imperfections; it has a conscience practically Calvinistic in its strictness. Fate Relationship Story Issue Despite his friends attempts to prevent Hamlet from going off with the Ghost, he believes he must, as it is his fate: Still am I called. Ghost and Hamlet exit. He eventually allows destiny to take its course, believing: Relationship Story Thematic Conflict Fate vs.

Thought Relationship Story Problem The Ghost wants revenge, but Hamlet obsessively mulls over the type, meaning, and need for revenge without just killing Claudius. More and worse chaos will be introduced into the kingdom until Claudius is undone. Order Relationship Story Response By setting the royal family and court back in order—without Claudius—Hamlet hopes and the Ghost expects all to be well again.

Is the Ghost truly his late father? It is an evil specter from hell? The shakier that future seems, the greater the strain is between Hamlet and the Ghost of his father. The Ghost calls upon him to prove his love for his father: The Prince receives this startling news as if it were confirmation of his suspicions. Hamlet is called upon to kill his uncle. But the Ghost adds a word of caution: The Prince solemnly vows to wipe all else from his memory except that which the consequences of the pursuit of revenge in hamlet a play by william shakespeare Ghost has told him.

Whether or not Gertrude was unfaithful prior to the death of King Hamlet remains a disputed point. But one thing is clear: Past Overall Story Consequence If the memory of King Hamlet is not allowed to rest, a repetition of the past murder will and does occur. In his worldliness and cynicism, he is absolutely sure that he knows how young men behave when away from parental control—drinking, fencing, quarreling, and wenching. Not only is Polonius ready to believe the worst about his son, but also he seems to be incapable of honesty in his methods.

His outlook and conduct suggest the kind of world in which Hamlet is now living. Indirection—espionage—becomes an elaborate game very soon in the play; this episode prepares the way for it.

  • After his talk with the actors, Hamlet reproaches himself for the first time for his inaction;
  • By depriving the tragedy of its riddle, the critics deprive the play of its most essential element.

Lowers 33 ; Hamlet is satisfied that Rosencrantz and Guildenstern deserve what they get for betraying his friendship when he formulates a plan to send them, instead of himself, to their deaths.

Subconscious Overall Story Requirements Hamlet must get Claudius to expose his true nature, his lust for power and lust for Gertrude, before anyone will believe his accusations. In order for Hamlet to make a powerful impact in exposing Claudius as a murderer, Claudius must still enjoy a future as ruler of Denmark. Becoming Overall Story Forewarnings Hamlet starts becoming the crazy person he is pretending to be.

This alerts everyone, including King Claudius, who plots against Hamlet.