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Reasons for founding different colonies in north america

The first English settlement in North America had actually been established some 20 years before, in 1587, when a group of colonists 91 men, 17 women and nine children led by Sir Walter Raleigh settled on the island of Roanoke. Mysteriously, by 1590 the Roanoke colony had vanished entirely. Historians still do not know what became of its inhabitants.

  1. Unlike the Pilgrims, the Puritans merely wanted to "purify" the Anglican church, not separate from it.
  2. Historians still do not know what became of its inhabitants.
  3. The colony itself is named for Queen Elizabeth, the virgin queen. The colony received a charter from England in 1662.

In 1606, just a few months after James I issued its charter, the London Company sent 144 men to Virginia on three ships: They reached the Chesapeake Bay in the spring of 1607 and headed about 60 miles up the James River, where they built a settlement they called Jamestown. The Jamestown colonists had a rough time of it: They were so busy looking for gold and other exportable resources that they could barely feed themselves.

The first African slaves arrived in Virginia in 1619.

The 13 Colonies

In 1632, the English crown granted about 12 million acres of land at the top of the Chesapeake Bay to Cecilius Calvert, the second Lord Baltimore. This colony, named Maryland after the queen, was similar to Virginia in many ways. Its landowners produced tobacco on large plantations that depended on the labor of indentured servants and later African slaves.

Maryland became known for its policy of religious toleration for all. The New England Colonies The first English emigrants to what would become the New England colonies were a small group of Puritan separatists, later called the Pilgrims, who arrived in Plymouth in 1620.

Ten years later, a wealthy syndicate known as the Massachusetts Bay Company sent a much larger and more liberal group of Puritans to establish another Massachusetts settlement.

English Colonial Expansion

With the help of local natives, the colonists soon got the hang of farming, fishing and hunting, and Massachusetts prospered. As the Massachusetts settlements expanded, they generated new colonies in New England. Puritans who thought that Massachusetts was not pious enough formed the colonies of Connecticut and New Haven the two combined in 1665.

This made New York one of the most diverse and prosperous colonies in the New World. In 1680, the king granted 45,000 square miles of land west of the Delaware River to William Penn, a Quaker who owned large swaths of land in Ireland.

Lured by the fertile soil and the religious toleration that Penn promised, people migrated there from all over Europe. Like their Puritan counterparts in New England, most of these emigrants paid their own way to the colonies—they were not indentured servants—and had enough money to establish themselves when they arrived.

As a result, Pennsylvania soon became a prosperous and relatively egalitarian place. The Southern Colonies By contrast, the Carolina colony, a territory that stretched south from Virginia to Florida and west to the Pacific Ocean, was much less cosmopolitan.

In its northern half, hardscrabble farmers eked out a living.

  1. The Southern Colonies By contrast, the Carolina colony, a territory that stretched south from Virginia to Florida and west to the Pacific Ocean, was much less cosmopolitan.
  2. The Southern Colonies By contrast, the Carolina colony, a territory that stretched south from Virginia to Florida and west to the Pacific Ocean, was much less cosmopolitan. Ten years later, a wealthy syndicate known as the Massachusetts Bay Company sent a much larger and more liberal group of Puritans to establish another Massachusetts settlement.
  3. The settlement of Roanoke Island began in the 1500s. In 1732, inspired by the need to build a buffer between South Carolina and the Spanish settlements in Florida, the Englishman James Oglethorpe established the Georgia colony.

In its southern half, planters presided over vast estates that produced corn, lumber, beef and pork, and—starting in the 1690s—rice. These Carolinians had close ties to the English planter colony on the Caribbean island of Barbados, which relied heavily on African slave labor, and many were involved in the slave trade themselves. As a result, slavery played an important role in the development of the Carolina colony.

It split into North Carolina and South Carolina in 1729. In 1732, inspired by the need to build a buffer between South Carolina and the Spanish settlements in Florida, the Englishman James Oglethorpe established the Georgia colony.

Main Reasons New England Colonies Were Formed

By 1775, on the eve of revolution, there were nearly 2. These colonists did not have much in common, but they were able to band together and fight for their independence.

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