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M3 assess the different methods that can be used for promoting and protecting public health

Intake of drugs Change in lifestyle Obesity is the situation where accumulation of fat takes place in the body to such extent that it becomes the reason of many health problems. The people suffering from obesity are more susceptible to diabetes than the non-obese people are. World Health Organization, 2016 Below data is showing the percentage of obese, underweight and overweight people from overall diabetic patients. The most vulnerable group that is the victim of obesity is children under the age of 16.

The figure below is showing the percentage of obese and overweight chidren: World Health Organization, 2016 Trends: The below figure shows the trends in the prevalence of obesity in adults: These approaches help in prior targeting of the symptoms of diseases that are at the verge of causing ill effects to the society. Below are some of the approaches that aid the control of diseases in communities: Surveillance refers to observing the environment.

Surveillance of diseases means keep a watch over the surroundings that give a prior notice of effects of the upcoming diseases. It acts as a tool to analyse and interpret the analysis in s form that helps in identifying the need to introduce different health programs for the population.

Carnwell, Buchanan and Carnwell, 2009 Screening: Screening is another strategy that can be used to control the diseases in the communities. Screening refers to prior medical testing for the disease without observing the symptoms of that disease.

This prior testing helps in identification of occurrence of disease in an individual so that he can be treated before attainment of that disease. Screening can be done in two ways. Universal screening refers to screening of a particular group from the population.

Another type of screening is case finding that refers to screening of the individuals who are assumed diseased. Immunisation is the technique by which an individual can be made immune of certain infections.

It can be done by vaccination. Vaccine of a particular disease made an individual resistant to that disease. Boys and Michie, 2007 Education and social welfare programs: Diseases can be controlled to some extent by educating the population about the prevention techniques and ill effects of the diseases that are found to be widespread in the community.

Introduction

Social welfare programs can be introduced to educate people and providing them free medicines and vaccines so that they can be protected from the diseases. Nolan, 2010 Environmental control: Keeping the environment safe is not only the duty of the government, but is the responsibility of the population also. Environment safety and control aids in disruptions of many diseases. There are some of the chronic diseases that need to be prevented as a priority.

Those diseases are obesity, cancer, diabetes, CVC etc.

Unit 2 Public Health in Health and Social Care Assignment

It is very important to find the priority in the diseases so that preventive measures can be taken up to control the spread of disease. Below diagram shows the ratio of diseases that are becoming the cause of death for the world population: HIV is one of the diseases that have severe effects on the population of world as well as on the population of UK.

HIV prevention should be a priority for the social care settings so that they can safeguard people from the disease. Prevention of the diseases is divided into the following steps: Primary prevention refers to the foremost preventive measures that have been used to prevent the population from the disease by educating them about the diseases and their causes.

Two of the HIV prevention programs have been introduced. This program focuses on educating the population regarding the preventive measures that can be used while having sex. It is another program that was introduced mainly for the African communities in England. Besides encouraging the use of condoms, this program encourages safer sex culture among black Africans in England.

Secondary prevention refers to the screening and detection of the pathogens that are acting as the carrier for the particular disease.

  1. This data gives the reason to worry.
  2. Prevention of the diseases is divided into the following steps.
  3. Many factors influence the health of an individual such as eating habits, intake of substances, exercising, work culture etc.
  4. They prioritize their work before health. This is a matter of high concern because smokers not only affecting their own selves, but also polluting the environment that causes harm to others.

If the woman found to be infected with HIV virus, she needs to be treated so that virus does not transfer to the offspring. Some of the diseases cannot be cured, but can only be treated lifelong to live a healthy life.

HIV is one of them. Many sexual health clinics and genitourinary clinics provide PEP. This is the last step of prevention that aims at taking care of the patients who are suffering from the chronic diseases.

In this step, palliative care is given to the patients. Palliative care is the medical as well as the emotional care given to the patient and his family to improve the quality of life. It does not cure the disease, but aims at providing relief from the illness.

NHS invested a lot to train the palliative care centres so that services can be provided to the diseased people in UK. Prevalence of disease is the proportion of total population that is affected by that particular disease.

  • Flexi working hours and night shifts have immense effect on the health habits of the working population;
  • Some of the other health problems prevailing in UK are;
  • Below diagram shows the ratio of diseases that are becoming the cause of death for the world population;
  • They are not getting time for taking care of their health;
  • It is another program that was introduced mainly for the African communities in England.

Prevalence of disease provides the information about the number of people that are facing the illness from the total number of people who are studied.

This information gives us the idea to plan about the services that needs to be given regarding the problem. Determining prevalence rates supports individuals inhealth and social care settings to identify the health needs. This aids them to develop programs that can be implemented for prevention of disease. Other epidemiological tools provide information about the reach of the disease that helps in taking measures accordingly. For example, if the health care individuals have the knowledge about root cause of the disease and have the data regarding the areas where population is more prone to the disease then, they will definitely target that particular area first.

Henderson, 2011 The data regarding the spread of diseases not only helps in planning the programs, but also helps in determining the needs of providing education to the population in order to prevent them from the diseases. Prior knowledge of the cause and effect of the disease proves to very beneficial for the health care individuals in allocating the resources accordingly.

It gives them the idea to prioritize the tasks and the resources. They can easily target the population with higher risk by studying the data regarding the cause and effect of the disease. For example, if a particular area in the country is found to be more susceptible to the Lyme disease, then more resources will be allocated to that area for early treatment of the disease.

Many factors influence the health of an individual such as eating habits, intake of substances, exercising, work culture etc.

All the above factors somehow become the reason for illness of an individual. Many health problems may arise due to bad habits of taking drugs, alcohols and other harmful substances.

  • World Health Organization, 2016 Below data is showing the percentage of obese, underweight and overweight people from overall diabetic patients;
  • Flexi working hours and night shifts have immense effect on the health habits of the working population;
  • The most vulnerable group that is the victim of obesity is children under the age of 16.

In UK, the two main health problems that are found to be severe and chronic are obesity and intake of drugs. Both the above stated problems have become the lifestyle of most of the UK population. The main cause of being obese is the eating habits of the people.

Wrong eating habits lead to accumulation of fat in the body that result in obesity. This data gives the reason to worry. Reasons of increase in the number of obese people in UK Poor diet: People in UK have very bad food habits of eating so much of fast food and taking so much of sugary substances in the diet. This results in increase of calories and hence leads to obesity. Lack of physical activity: Physical exercise is no more exists in the schedule of the people now days.

Individuals having sitting jobs are more vulnerable to obesity as they eat and sit without doing any physical work the whole day. This develops a fat on their body and hence they suffer from obesity. Department of health recommended that one should do physical exercise 150 minutes a week. That should not be done in one go but can be broken down into smaller period. Some of the other health problems prevailing in UK are: This is another reason of premature adult death in England.

Data suggests that around 80,000 people die annually because of smoking habits.

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Social health clubs should be incorporated in the community to reduce the number of smokers by encouraging them to leave this habit. Government needs to implement educational programs to provide people with the knowledge of ill effects of smoking. This is a matter of high concern because smokers not only affecting their own selves, but also polluting the environment that causes harm to others. Sexual health of the population is an important factor to be considered. Protection is very necessary in this case.

Flexi working hours and night shifts have immense effect on the health habits of the working population. The people have become so much work-oriented. They prioritize their work before health. Continuously working on laptops, long conversations on mobile phones and late night meetings have changed the daily schedules of working people. They are not getting time for taking care of their health. Stretch, 2007 All the above reasons suggest that the social health organisations need to pace up their activities in near future.

They have to take steps according to the increase in health issues.

  • This develops a fat on their body and hence they suffer from obesity;
  • Diseases can be controlled to some extent by educating the population about the prevention techniques and ill effects of the diseases that are found to be widespread in the community.

As per the data, the main target of these organisations would be obesity and smoking because these two habits are greatly influencing the health of the people in UK.