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Julius caesar the life of a leader of rome

Caesar's first important political success came in 63 B. Caesar was then elected praetor an elected Roman official for 62 B. Caesar was quick to take advantage of his power by waging a successful campaign against some native tribes in Lusitania, a Roman province in western Europe.

Meanwhile, his political enemies accused him of provoking, or starting, the war.

Julius Caesar

First Triumvirate In 59 B. Caesar won an election to become consul, or an official ruling over foreign lands. The Senate, immediately moving to block his hopes of future political power, assigned him to lands that offered Caesar no possibilities for military glory. Caesar, who desired more glamorous political and military opportunities, saw that he needed allies to overcome his opponents in the Senate.

Ancient Rome

Caesar soon found the alliance that would become known as the First Triumvirate. He aligned himself with the Roman General Pompey 106—48 B.

A Summary of Julius Caesar’s Life and Achievements

The alliance was further sealed in 58 B. Revolt in Gaul Caesar was awarded the governorship of Gaul, a Roman province occupied by several tribes. While Roman control in Gaul was limited, Rome did have political relations with tribes beyond the actual border of the province.

Caesar quickly took advantage of these connections and the shifting power position in Gaul to extend the realm of Roman control. Caesar decided to undertake an expedition against Britain, whose tribes maintained close contacts with Gaul. These expeditions in 55 and 54 B. Caesar probably thought that his main task of conquest was complete.

This revolt greatly threatened Caesar's power base. At the same time, the political situation in Rome was equally chaotic. The tribune Roman official Clodius had been murdered, and his death was followed by great disorder in Rome.

Caesar had crossed the Alps to watch the changing conditions in Rome. When the news of revolt in Gaul reached him, he recrossed the Alps and rallied his divided army.

Julius Caesar (100BC - 44BC)

Caesar's forces lost several battles to Vercingetorix and the Arverni. Vercingetorix made the mistake of taking refuge in the fortress of Alesia, however. Caesar used the best of Roman siege techniques and encircled the fortress to capture the enemy. Soon Vercingetorix was forced to surrender. Dissolving the Triumvirate Caesar's long absence from Rome had partially weakened his political power. At the same time Caesar's conquests were well publicized. His Commentaries, which described the campaigns, circulated among the reading public in Rome.

Caesar sought to place his conquests in the best possible light, and the Commentaries stressed the importance of defending the friends and allies of Rome against traditional Roman enemies. He had made vast additions to the Roman Empire about 640,000 square miles at the expense of peoples who had long been enemies of Rome.

Pompey, on the other hand, had remained in Rome and strengthened his political position by appearing as a leader in a time of chaos. Other tensions in the alliance came with Julia's death in 54 B. The death of Crassus in 53 B.

Julius Caesar Biography

Civil war When Caesar returned to Rome in 50 B. Caesar now had two choices: It the beginning the greater power seemed to rest with Pompey and the Senate, as Pompey had powerful resources with which to draw support against Caesar. However, Caesar had at his command a tough, loyal, and experienced army, as well as an extensive following in Italy.

Most of all, he was fighting for his own interests alone and did not have to face the divisions of interest, opinion, and leadership that plagued Pompey. Pompey quickly decided to abandon Italy to Caesar and fell back to the East. Pompey fled to Egypt and was killed by the young pharaoh king Ptolemy 63—47 B.

Caesar followed Pompey to Egypt and became involved in the struggle for power in the house of Ptolemy, a family in Egypt that ruled for generations. The main result of his time in Egypt was the affair that developed between Caesar and Cleopatra 51—30 B.

Conqueror of Gaul

She would later give birth to Caesar's son, Caesarion. Consolidation of the empire Although his rival was eliminated, much work remained to make Caesar's position secure. He adopted a policy of special clemency, or mercy, toward his former enemies and rewarded political opponents with public office.

For himself he adopted the old Roman position of dictator, a ruler with absolute power.

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There has been much debate about what political role Caesar planned for himself. He certainly thought the old government was weak and desired to replace it with some form of rule by a single leader. Just before his death, Caesar was appointed dictator for life. About the same time, he began issuing coins with his portrait on them, something never before practiced in Rome up to that time.

Caesar was planning major improvements to transform the capital of the empire he commanded. New colonial foundations were under way, and he reordered the defective Roman calendar. Death and legacy In Rome dissatisfaction was growing in the Senate over the increasingly permanent nature of Caesar's rule.

A conspiracy secret plan was formed to remove Caesar and restore the government to the Senate. The conspirators hoped that, with Caesar's death, government would be restored to its old republican form and all of the factors that had produced Caesar would disappear.

The conspiracy progressed with Caesar either ignorant of it or not recognizing the warning signs. On the Ides of March March 1544 B. With Caesar's murder, Rome plunged into thirteen years of civil war. Caesar remained for some a symbol of an over-dominant leader, and for others the founder of the Roman Empire whose ghost has haunted Europe ever since. For all, he is a figure of genius and courage equaled by few in history.

For More Information Gelzer, Matthias. Harvard University Press, 1921. Caesar used the problems and hardships of the period to create his own supreme political and military power. Roman Emperor Julius Caesar is regarded as one of the most powerful and successful leaders in the history of the world. His life and his violent death have been widely celebrated in literature and film. His father had gained moderate political success and the family claimed a long and noble history, which therefore julius caesar the life of a leader of rome Caesar's family to certain traditional privileges and offices.

Caesar received the classic education of a young Roman at Rome and in Rhodes. Caesar served as a young officer in Asia Minor and Julius Caesar.