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Ferdinand magellan the discoverer of the pearl of the orient

Ferdinand magellan the discoverer of the pearl of the orient

History of the Philippines Beginnings of the Archipelago 1 Some 50 million years ago, the archipelago was formed by volcanic eruptions. About 30,000 years ago the earliest inhabitants had arrived from the Asian mainland, perhaps over land bridges built during the ice ages.

  1. In total, approximately 232 sailors of assorted nationalities died on the expedition around the world with Magellan. Accounts mention that King Solomon received the riches of the region every three years.
  2. One of them wounded him on the left leg with a large cutlass, which resembles a scimitar, only being larger.
  3. Thus, Enrique became the first man to circumnavigate the globe in multiple voyages.
  4. It was used to flavor food, but Europeans also believed that its essence could improve vision, its powder could relieve fevers, and mixed with milk it could enhance intercourse.

By the tenth century A. The early inhabitants of the Philippines were Mongoloid descent which are predominant today. The gradual spread of Islam from Borneo into the central and northern islands was interrupted by the arrival of the Spanish Christians. They were then called Las Felipinas.

By the 1830's Spanish culture and thought had penetrated into Filipino culture to the extent that the Filipino people began thinking about liberation from Spain. The government of Spain developed Filipino agriculture to the point that it was self-sufficient. After some attempts at independence, and an equal number of atrocities on the part of Spain, Filipino Nationalists began to speak out.

One of the most famous of the time was Jose Rizal. Rizal wrote two important novels that portrayed the abuses of Spanish rule. Although the books were banned, they were smuggled into the Philippines and widely read. On the night of his execution, on December 30, 1896, Rizal proclaimed the Philippines "the Pearl of the Oriental Seas". His death is annually commemorated on December 30. Rizal's execution gave impetus to the revolution.

Ferdinand magellan the discoverer of the pearl of the orient

Although the Filipino rebels, lead by Emilio Aguinaldo, did not win complete independence, the Spanish were not able to end the rebellion. All of the rebels were granted anmisty and the leaders of the revolution returned in voluntary exile to Honk Kong. While in Hong Kong, Aguinaldo and his compatriots designed what is today the Philippine national flag.

Ferdinand Magellan

The American Era and Independence 2 At the same time that the Philippines were fighting for independence, Cuba, also a colony of Spain, was trying to liberate itself from Spanish rule. Cuba, however, had the backing of the United States. The battle lasted only a few hours resulting in the complete destruction of the Spanish fleet at Manila Bay. The American fleet suffered only minor damage.

However, the American government was only interested in Cuba's independence, not that of the Philippines. Given its own history of colonial revolution, American opinion was uncomfortable and divided on the moral principle of owning colonial dependencies. Having acquired the Philippines almost by accident, the United States was not sure what to do with them.

Names of the Philippines

The Treaty of Paris and subsequent actions by the United States were not well received by the Filipinos - who were not even consulted. The Philippine War of Independence began on February 4, 1899 and continued for two years.

The United States needed 126,000 soldiers to subdue the Philippines. The war took the lives of 4,234 Americans and 16,000 Filipinos. The Commonwealth of the Philippines was established by the United States government in 1935 with a view to granting Filipino independence within 10 years.

  • So he did cover the entire terrain, but it was not a strict point A to point A, round-the-world trip, and it was made in two different directions;
  • All of the land that will be discovered east of the line will belong to portugal while that will be discovered in the west side will belong to spain ferdinand magellan pearl of the orient seas and hardin ng pacific garden of the pacific and in 1544;
  • On Easter April 1 and 2 , a mutiny broke out involving three of the five ship captains.

However, on December 8, 1941 ten hours after the attack on Pearl Harbor, the Japanese military invaded the Philippines. General MacArthur kept his promise and returned with a massive amphibious force on the island of Leyte in October of 1944.

Over the next four months, U. After the war, the United Stated restored the pre-war Commonwealth government. By 1946 the Philippines had transformed from a Commonwealth to an independent republic.