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Develop appropriate business research questions and hypotheses

Some of these starting phrases are highlighted in blue text in the examples below: How many calories do American men and women consume per day? How often do British university students use Facebook each week? What are the most important factors that influence the career choices of Australian university students?

What proportion of British male and female university students use the top 5 social networks? What percentage of American men and women exceed their daily calorific allowance?

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You need to identify what this is. However, how the dependent variable is written out in a research question and what you call it are often two different things.

In the examples below, we have illustrated the name of the dependent variable and highlighted how it would be written out in the blue text. Name of the dependent variable How the dependent variable is written out Daily calorific intake How many calories do American men and women consume per day? Daily calorific intake What percentage of American men and women exceed their daily calorific allowance?

Writing Research Questions

Weekly Facebook usage How often do British university students use Facebook each week? Factors influencing career choices What are the most important factors that influence the career choices of Australian university students? Use of the top 5 social networks What proportion of British male and female university students use the top 5 social networks? The first two examples highlight that while the name of the dependent variable is the same, namely daily calorific intake, the way that this dependent variable is written out differs in each case.

THIRD Identify the group s you are interested in All descriptive research questions have at least one group, but can have multiple groups. You need to identify this group s. In the examples below, we have identified the group s in the green text. The examples illustrate the difference between the use develop appropriate business research questions and hypotheses a single group e. FOURTH Decide whether the dependent variable or group s should be included first, last or in two parts Sometimes it makes more sense for the dependent variable to appear before the group s you are interested in, but sometimes it is the opposite way around.

The following examples illustrate this, with the group s in green text and the dependent variable in blue text: Group 1st; dependent variable 2nd: Dependent variable 1st; group 2nd: Sometimes, the dependent variable needs to be broken into two parts around the group s you are interested in so that the research question flows.

Again, the group s are in green text and the dependent variable is in blue text: Of course, you could choose to restructure the question above so that you do not have to split the dependent variable into two parts.

How to structure quantitative research questions

How many calories are consumed per day by American men and women? When deciding whether the dependent variable or group s should be included first or last, and whether the dependent variable should be broken into two parts, the main thing you need to think about is flow: Does the question flow?

Is it easy to read? FIFTH Include any words that provide greater context to your question Sometimes the name of the dependent variable provides all the explanation we need to know what we are trying to measure.

Uncomplicated Reviews of Educational Research Methods

Take the following examples: In the first example, the dependent variable is daily calorific intake i. Clearly, this descriptive research question is asking us to measure the number of calories American men and women consume per day.

In the second example, the dependent variable is Facebook usage per week. Again, the name of this dependent variable makes it easy for us to understand that we are trying to measure the often i. However, sometimes a descriptive research question is not simply interested in measuring the dependent variable in its entirety, but a particular component of the dependent variable.

Take the following examples in red text: In the first example, the research question is not simply interested in the daily calorific intake of American men and women, develop appropriate business research questions and hypotheses what percentage of these American men and women exceeded their daily calorific allowance.

So the dependent variable is still daily calorific intake, but the research question aims to understand a particular component of that dependent variable i.

In the second example, the research question is not only interested in what the factors influencing career choices are, but which of these factors are the most important. Therefore, when you think about constructing your descriptive research question, make sure you have included any words that provide greater context to your question.

The example descriptive research questions discussed above are written out in full below: