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Description causes and treatment of myasthenia gravis

The goal of treatment is to manage symptoms and control the activity of your immune system. Medication Corticosteroids and immunosuppressants can be used to suppress the immune system.

Myasthenia Gravis

These medications help minimize the abnormal immune response that occurs in MG. Additionally, cholinesterase inhibitors, such as pyridostigmine Mestinoncan be used to increase communication between nerves and muscles.

  1. In myasthenia gravis, certain receptor sites are blocked or destroyed, causing muscle weakness. Intravenous immune globulin Intravenous immune globulin IVIG is blood product that comes from donors.
  2. If your thyroid is underactive, you may have difficulties dealing with cold, weight gain and other issues.
  3. Medication Corticosteroids and immunosuppressants can be used to suppress the immune system.
  4. Other disorders People with myasthenia gravis are more likely to have the following conditions.

Thymus gland removal Removal of the thymus gland, which is part of the immune system, may be appropriate for many patients with MG. Once the thymus is removed, patients typically show less muscle weakness.

According to the Myasthenia Gravis Foundation of Americabetween 10 and 15 percent of people with MG will have a tumor in their thymus. Tumors, even those that are benign, are always removed because they may become cancerous.

  • Some people will only have mild symptoms;
  • Factors that can worsen myasthenia gravis Fatigue Illness Stress Some medications — such as beta blockers, quinidine gluconate, quinidine sulfate, quinine Qualaquin , phenytoin Dilantin , certain anesthetics and some antibiotics Complications Complications of myasthenia gravis are treatable, but some can be life-threatening.

Plasma exchange Plasmapheresis is also known as a plasma exchange. This process removes harmful antibodies from the blood, which may result in an improvement in muscle strength. Plasmapheresis is a short-term treatment. The body continues to produce the harmful antibodies and weakness may recur.

Plasma exchange is helpful before surgery or during times of extreme MG weakness. Intravenous immune globulin Intravenous immune globulin IVIG is blood product that comes from donors. Lifestyle changes There are some things you can do at home to help alleviate symptoms of MG: Get plenty of rest to help minimize muscle weakness. Avoid stress and heat exposure, as both can worsen symptoms.

These treatments cannot cure MG. Some individuals may go into remission, during which treatment is not necessary.

  1. Get plenty of rest to help minimize muscle weakness. In some adults with myasthenia gravis, however, the thymus is abnormally large.
  2. In myasthenia gravis, your immune system produces antibodies that block or destroy many of your muscles' receptor sites for a neurotransmitter called acetylcholine as-uh-teel-KOH-leen.
  3. Additionally, cholinesterase inhibitors, such as pyridostigmine Mestinon , can be used to increase communication between nerves and muscles. Medications and blood-filtering therapies help people to again breathe on their own.
  4. This type of myasthenia gravis is called antibody-negative myasthenia gravis.
  5. People with myasthenia gravis may be more likely to have autoimmune conditions, such as rheumatoid arthritis or lupus.

Tell your doctor about any medications or supplements you take. Some drugs can make MG symptoms worse. Complications of myasthenia gravis One of the most dangerous potential complications of MG is myasthenic crisis.

This consists of life-threatening muscle weakness that can include breathing problems. Talk with your doctor about your risks.

If you start to have trouble breathing or swallowing, call 911 or go to your local emergency room immediately. Individuals with MG are at a higher risk of developing other autoimmune disorders such as lupus and rheumatoid arthritis. Long-term outlook The long-term outlook for MG depends on a lot of factors.

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Some people will only have mild symptoms. Others may eventually become confined to a wheelchair. Talk to your doctor about what you can do to minimize the severity of your MG. Early and proper treatment can limit disease progression in many people.