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Companies that violated the sherman anti trust act

Sherman Antitrust Law

Judge rules Microsoft violated antitrust laws A federal judge issues a stinging rebuke of Microsoft, saying the software giant violated antitrust laws. January 2, 2002 4: District Judge Thomas Penfield Jackson wrote in a "conclusions of law" ruling released today.

Jackson also determined that Microsoft could be held liable under state anti-competition laws; he accepted 23 of the 26 arguments presented by the 19 states that joined the federal government in the landmark case. Jackson was expected to be hard on Microsoft, and in many respects he exceeded those expectations. But some analysts said that even though the verdict was harsh, it is unlikely the government will be successful if it seeks to break up the company.

Today's verdict is essentially the second step of a three-stage process.

In November, Jackson issued what he considered the facts in the case. Today's decision applied those facts to antitrust laws. As early as this summer, Jackson is expected to issue a final ruling that will include the remedies or penalties to be imposed on Microsoft.

Following that ruling, Microsoft today said it would request an expedited appeal process, which could put the case before the U. District Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia before the end of the year.

The company or the government could also request that Jackson ask the Supreme Court to take the case directly. Their mentality is to not. If you see a three-month schedule for remedy hearings, you know it's not a breakup or something equally as strong.

For example, Jackson rejected a claim that Microsoft used exclusive arrangements with PC makers and other parties to prevent Netscape Communications, now owned by America Online, from marketing its Web browser.

He stated, "The facts do not support the conclusion, however, that the effect of Microsoft's marketing arrangements with other companies constituted unlawful exclusive dealing under criteria established by leading decisions under section 1" of the Sherman Act.

Attorney General Joel Klein said in a press conference this afternoon. Although Klein would not specifically address what remedies the government might seek against Microsoft, he said, "We will look at all our options in the days ahead.

Eliot Spitzer, New York's attorney general, said: Though they're trying to spin it to the contrary, the opinion leaves them with a very slim chance of success on appeal. Jennifer Dunn, a Republican from Microsoft's home state of Washington, said she was "deeply disappointed" with Judge Jackson's ruling.

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In reality, everybody--from the high-tech industry to consumers--is harmed by this expensive process initiated by the U. Jackson referred to Microsoft's "applications barrier to entry" as ensuring that "no Intel-compatible PC operating system other than Windows can attract significant consumer demand, and the barrier would operate to the same effect even if Microsoft held its prices substantially above the competitive level.

While awaiting Jackson's ruling on remedies, Microsoft faces other legal problems resulting from related class-action suits. In addition, the uncertainty swirling around Microsoft hammered the company's shares today, and they may continue to show weakness as the giant's prospects remain uncertain.

Judge rules Microsoft violated antitrust laws

The ruling comes two days after Richard Posner, the federal judge mediating settlement talks, said negotiations had collapsed. Sources close to the settlement talks suggest that 19 states, which filed the antitrust case along with the Justice Department, made demands that doomed the negotiations. One renewed an earlier request that Microsoft be compelled to develop a version of Microsoft Office for Linux. Another would have given each of the 19 states the power to independently enforce any consent decree coming out of the negotiations.

A third would have limited what technologies Microsoft could add to Windows.