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Change of character in anne franks diary of a young girl

He died in BirsfeldenSwitzerland from lung canceron 19 August 1980 at the age of 91. Edith Frank 16 January 1900 — 6 January 1945 [6]Anne and Margot's mother, and Otto's wife was left behind in Auschwitz-Birkenau when her daughters and Auguste van Pels were transferred to Bergen-Belsenas her health had started to deteriorate. Witnesses reported that her despair at being separated from her daughters led to an emotional breakdown.

They described her searching for her daughters endlessly and said that she seemed to not understand that they had gone, although she had seen them board the train that took them out of the camp.

They also said that she began to hoard what little food she could obtain, hiding it under her bunk to give to Anne and Margot when she saw them. They said that Edith Frank told them Anne and Margot needed the food more than she did, and she therefore refused to eat it. She died on 6 January 1945 from starvation and exhaustionten days before her 45th birthday and 21 days before the camp was liberated.

According to recollections of several eyewitnesses, this occurred "a few days" before Anne's death, most likely in early-mid February 1945, though like Anne's death, the exact date is not known. She was 19 years old. The Van Pels family joined the Franks in their hiding place in concealed rooms at the rear of Otto Frank's office building, on 13 July 1942.

It should be noted that Anne gave the van Pels family a pseudonym in her diary as she did for most other characters in her diary ; she called them "Van Daan" in her diary.

The Diary of Anne Frank

Although their helpers are today known almost exclusively by their own names, the Franks' fellow occupants in the achterhuis retain their pseudonyms in many editions and adaptations of Anne's diary. He was the only member of the group to be gassed.

However, according to eyewitness testimony, this did not happen on the day he arrived there. Sal de Liema, an inmate at Auschwitz who knew both Otto Frank and Hermann van Pels, said that after two or three days in the camp, van Pels mentally "gave up", which was generally the beginning of the end for any concentration camp inmate. He later injured his thumb on a work detail and requested to be sent to the sick barracks.

Soon after that, during a sweep of the sick barracks for selection, he was sent to the gas chambers. This occurred about three weeks after his arrival at Auschwitz, most likely in very early October of 1944, and his selection was witnessed by both his son Peter and by Otto Frank.

According to German records her registration cardMrs. Hannah Goslar 's testimony was that she spoke to Mrs. Auguste was transferred on February 6, 1945 to Raguhn Buchenwald in Germanythen to the Czechoslovakia camp Theresienstadt ghetto on April 9, 1945. This same card lists her as being alive on April 11, 1945.

As such, she must have died en route to Theresienstadt or shortly after her arrival there, the date of her death occurring most likely the either the first half or mid-April 1945, but before May 8, 1945, when the camp was liberated.

Otto Frank had protected him during their period of imprisonment together, as the two men had been assigned to the same work group. Frank later stated that he had urged Peter to hide in Auschwitz and remain behind with him, rather than set out on a forced march, but Peter believed he would have a better chance of survival if he joined the death march out of Auschwitz.

Mauthausen Concentration Camp records indicate that Peter van Pels was registered upon his arrival there on January 25, 1945. Four days later, he was placed in an outdoor labor group, Quarz. On 11 April 1945, Peter was sent to change of character in anne franks diary of a young girl sick barracks.

His exact death date is unknown, but the International Red Cross designated it as May 5, 1945, the same day Mauthausen was liberated by men from the 11th Armored Division of the U.

He was 18 years old, and was the last member of the group to die while imprisoned. Of all the stressful relationships precipitated by living in such close proximity with each other for two years, the relationship between Anne and Fritz Pfeffer was one of the most difficult for both, as her diary shows.

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The helpers[ edit ] Miep Gies saved Anne Frank's diary without reading it. She later said that if she had read it, she would have needed to destroy it, as it contained a great deal of incriminating information, such as the names of all of the annex helpers, as well as many of their Dutch Underground contacts. She and her husband, Jan, took Otto Frank into their home, where he lived from 1945 after his liberation from Auschwitz concentration camp until 1952.

Gies stated that every year she spent the entire day of 4 August in mourning, the date those in the Annex were arrested. Gies died on 11 January 2010, following a short illness, at the age of 100. Jan Gies Miep's husband was a social worker and, for part of the war, a member of the Dutch Resistance ; thus, he was able to procure things for the people in the annex that would have been almost impossible to obtain any other way. He left the Underground in 1944, when an incident caused him to believe his safety had been compromised.

Peter Van Daan in Anne Frank's Diary of a Young Girl

Jan died of complications from diabetes on 26 January 1993 in Amsterdam. He and Miep had been married for 51 years. Johannes Kleiman spent about six weeks in a work camp after his arrest and was released after intervention from the Red Crossbecause of his fragile health.

Margot Frank in Diary of a Young Girl: Character & Quotes

He returned to Opekta and took over the firm when Otto Frank moved to Basel in 1952. He died at his office desk of a stroke in 1959, aged 62. Working his way back to his hometown of Hilversum on foot and by bicycle, he remained in hiding there until liberated by Canadian troops a few weeks later.

After his wife died, he emigrated to Canada in 1955 where several of his relatives already lived and resided in Toronto.

He died on 16 December 1981 in Toronto, after a long illness, at the age of 81. Bep and Miep found Anne's diaries and papers after the eight prisoners, together with Kugler and Kleiman, had been arrested and removed from the building. Bep left Opekta shortly after the war and married Cornelius van Wijk in 1946.

While she did grant an interview to a Dutch magazine[ which? However, Bep kept her own scrapbook of Anne-related articles throughout her life. Bep and her husband had four children, the last a daughter whom she named "Anne Marie", in honor of Anne.

Bep died in Change of character in anne franks diary of a young girl on 6 May 1983. For example, he designed and built the "swinging bookcase" that concealed the entrance to the annex. However, Anne often mentioned his health problems in her diary, and he became incapacitated after a diagnosis of abdominal cancer. He ultimately died of the disease in late November 1945, and Otto Frank attended his funeral on December 1.

While Hannah was in Bergen-Belsen, she met Auguste van Pels by asking through a hay-filled barbed wire fence if anyone who could hear her voice spoke Dutch. Hannah was astonished, as she, like most people back in Amsterdam, believed the Franks had escaped to Switzerland. Hannah was able to talk to Anne several times through the barrier and to toss some essentials over it for her. Shortly after Hannah threw the bundle over the fence for Anne, Anne's contingent of prisoners was moved, and Hannah never heard from her again.

Hannah and her little sister Gabi were the only members of their family to survive the war, and Hannah was near death from typhus and tuberculosis when the Russians liberated the train in which she and Gabi were being transported, reportedly to Theresienstadt. After recovering, Hannah emigrated to Israelbecame a nurseand ultimately a grandmother of ten. She was considered the "quiet" one of the trio of "Anne, Hanne and Sanne".

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She was very intelligent, and according to Anne, very facile with poetry. Sanne's full first name is variously listed in different sources as both "Susanne" and "Susanna". Only her friends called her "Sanne"; her family used the more Germanic "Susi".

Sanne and her parents were sent first to Westerborkthen on 16 November to Auschwitz, where all three were gassed upon arrival. Sanne's sister Barbara Ledermann, who was a friend of Margot's, had, through contacts in the Dutch Undergroundacquired an Aryan ID card becoming "Barbara Waarts" and worked as a courier for the Underground.

Jacqueline van Maarsen born 30 Jan 1929or "Jacque", as she was known to everyone, was Anne's "best" friend at the time the Frank family went into hiding. Jacque sincerely liked Anne, but found her at times too demanding in her friendship. Anne, in her diary later, was remorseful for her own attitude toward Jacque, regarding with better understanding Jacque's desire to have other close girlfriends as well - "I just want to apologize and explain things", Anne wrote.

After two and a half months in hiding, Anne composed a farewell letter to Jacque in her diary, vowing her lifelong friendship. Jacque read this passage much later, after the publication of the diary. Jacque's French-born mother was a Christian, and that, along with several other extenuating circumstances, combined to get the "J" for "Jew" removed from the family's identification cards. The van Maarsens were thus able to live out the war years in Amsterdam.

Jacque later married her childhood sweetheart Ruud Sanders and still lives in Amsterdam, where she is an award-winning bookbinder and has written four books on their notable friendship: Nanette "Nanny" Blitz born 6 Apr 1929 was another schoolmate of Anne's. Nannette, by her own admission, was the girl given the made-up initials "E.

While they were change of character in anne franks diary of a young girl always on the best of terms during school days their personalities were much too similarNanny had been invited to Anne's 13th birthday party, and when they met in Bergen-Belsen, their reunion was enthusiastic. With prisoners constantly being shifted around in the huge camp, Nanny quickly lost track of Anne. Nannette was the only member of her family to survive the war.

  1. Anne Frank writes, ''My sister Margot has also gotten her report card.
  2. Ietje became a teacher in later years and today lives in Amstelveen , outside of Amsterdam.
  3. Twenty-year-old Faraday attended four of these presentations in 1812, having received tickets from a customer. She's not nearly as catty these days and is becoming a real friend.
  4. Though hiding in two separate locations, all four of the Geiringers were betrayed on the same day, about three months before the Frank family.

While she was recovering from tuberculosis in a hospital immediately after the war, Otto Frank got in touch with her, and she was able to write and give him some information about her encounter with Anne at Belsen. Ilse Wagner 26 Jan 1929 — 2 Apr 1943whom Jacque van Maarsen described as "a sweet and sensible girl", is mentioned several times in the early part of the diary.

Ilse's family had a table tennis set, and Anne and Margot frequently went to her house to play. Wagner was the first of Anne's circle of friends to be deported.

Lutz Peter Schiff 9 Sep 1926 — 31 May 1945: For all the admiring boys Anne was surrounded with during her school days, she said repeatedly in her diary that the only one she deeply cared about was Peter Schiff, whom she called "Petel". Originally from Berlin, Germany, his family mother, stepfather, and him moved to Amsterdam in 1939, while his biological father had emigrated to the USA in the 1930s.

List of people associated with Anne Frank

Then, Peter changed addresses and a new acquaintance slightly older than Peter convinced him Anne was "just a child". Anne had several vivid dreams of Peter while in hiding, wrote about them in her diary, and realized herself that she saw Peter van Pels, at least partially, as a surrogate for Peter Schiff. Anne implies in her diary 12 January 1944 that Peter Schiff gave her a pendant as a gift, which she cherished from then on. Schiff was also a prisoner at Bergen-Belsen, though he was transported from there to Auschwitz before Anne and Margot arrived at Belsen.

  1. There are many resistance groups, such as free Netherlands, that forge identity cards, provide financial support to those in hiding, organize hiding places, and find work for young Christians who go underground. Naturally, the area didn't smell like a rose.
  2. She has no taste for Peter at first. Edith Frank 16 January 1900 — 6 January 1945 [6] , Anne and Margot's mother, and Otto's wife was left behind in Auschwitz-Birkenau when her daughters and Auguste van Pels were transferred to Bergen-Belsen , as her health had started to deteriorate.
  3. Anne implies in her diary 12 January 1944 that Peter Schiff gave her a pendant as a gift, which she cherished from then on.
  4. Witnesses reported that her despair at being separated from her daughters led to an emotional breakdown.
  5. For Anne, writing is no idle concern. All of the residents of the Secret Annex feel the effects of confinement, of course, and tension is understandable when readers consider the residents' constant fear of discovery.

It is known for certain that he died in Auschwitz, although the exact date of his death is unclear. Helmuth "Hello" Silberberg was the boy Anne was closest to at the time her family went into hiding, though they had only known each other about two weeks at that time.

Born in Gelsenkirchen, Germanyhis parents sent him to Amsterdam to live with his grandparents, believing, like Otto Frank, that Hitler would respect The Netherlands' neutrality.

Silberberg's grandfather, who disliked the name Helmuth, dubbed him "Hello". Hello was 16 and adored Anne, but she wrote in her diary that she was "not in love with Hello, he is just a friend, or as mummy would say, one of my 'beaux'", though Anne also remarked in her diary on how much she enjoyed Hello's company, and she thought that he might become "a real friend" over time.

By a very convoluted series of events, including several narrow escapes from the Nazis, Hello eventually reunited with his parents in Belgium. Belgium was also an occupied country, however, and he and his family were still "in hiding", though not under circumstances as difficult as the Franks'. The American forces liberated the town where the Silberbergs were hiding on 3 September 1944, and Hello was free — tragically on the same day that Anne and her family left on the last transport from Westerbork to Auschwitz.