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An overview of the country of south korea

South Korea

See Article History Alternative Titles: It occupies the southern portion of the Korean peninsula. The country is largely mountainous, with small valleys and narrow coastal plains. From them several mountain ranges branch off with a northeast-southwest orientation.

The most important of these are the Sobaek Mountainswhich undulate in a long S-shape across the peninsula.

  • It is hot and humid in summer, and cold and dry in winter;
  • Over the past thirty years, the summer temperature range has averaged 20;
  • The frost-free season ranges from 170 days in the northern highlands to more than 240 days on Cheju Island;
  • Podzolic soils ash-gray forest soils , resulting from the cold of the long winter season, are found in the highlands;
  • Sandy and brown-coloured soils are common, and they are generally well-leached and have little humus content.

The highest peak in South Korea, the extinct volcano Mount Halla on Cheju Islandis 6,398 feet 1,950 metres above sea level. The eastern coastline is relatively straight, whereas the western and southern have extremely complicated ria i. Streamflow is highly variable, being greatest during the wet summer months and considerably less in the relatively dry winter.

Sandy and brown-coloured soils are common, and they are generally well-leached and have little humus content. Podzolic soils ash-gray forest soilsresulting from the cold of the long winter season, are found in the highlands.

Climate The greatest influence on the climate of the Korean peninsula is its proximity to the main Asian landmass.

This produces the marked summer-winter temperature extremes of a continental climate while also establishing the northeast Asian monsoons seasonal winds that affect precipitation patterns.

The annual range of temperature is greater in the north and in interior regions of the peninsula than in the south and along the coast, reflecting the relative decline in continental influences in the latter areas. The coldest average monthly temperatures in winter drop below freezing except along the southern coast.

Annual precipitation ranges from about 35 to 60 inches 900 to 1,500 mm on the mainland.

  • It is hot and humid in summer, and cold and dry in winter;
  • Rivers, both small and large, originate from the high mountainous areas in the east and flow toward the West and South Seas, forming plains suitable for grain cultivation;
  • The number of subtropical marine plants is increasing in the sea near Jejudo Island;
  • The East Sea has a relatively straight, featureless coastline, and the difference between high and low tide is only 30 cm;
  • Recently, many foreigners have come to the country for such diverse purpose as marriage to South Koreans, work, and study, etc.

Taeguon the east coast, is the driest area, while the southern coast is the wettest; southern Cheju Island receives more than 70 inches 1,800 mm annually. Up to three-fifths of the annual precipitation is received in June—August, during the summer monsoon, the annual distribution being more even in the extreme south.

Republic of Korea – Summary

Occasionally, late-summer typhoons tropical cyclones cause heavy showers and storms along the southern coast. The frost-free season ranges from 170 days in the northern highlands to more than 240 days on Cheju Island.

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