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An overview of china and the great wall

The Great Wall of China is a wall that covers much of the northern border of China.

Facts about the Great Wall

If you take the length of the entire wall, plus various branches, it is around 5,500 miles long! No wonder they call it the Great Wall.

Builders of China's Great Wall

The wall was built to help keep out northern invaders like the Mongols. Smaller walls had been built over the years, but the first Emperor of China, Qin Shi Huang, decided that he wanted a single giant wall to protect his northern borders. He ordered that a single strong wall be built with thousands of lookout towers where soldiers could guard and protect his empire.

  1. In peak seasons, the visitor flow can be up to 70,000 per day!
  2. It shows us not only China's culture of national pride, grand projects, and determined resistance, but also China's extravagant architecture and creativity.
  3. This legend has been spread widely through textbooks, folk songs and traditional operas. No wonder they call it the Great Wall.

The original Great Wall was started by the Qin Dynasty and following dynasties continued to work on it. Later the Ming Dynasty rebuilt the wall. Much of the Great Wall that we know today was built by the Ming Dynasty.

The Great Wall facts

The wall was built by peasants, slaves, criminals, and other people that the emperor decided to punish. Soldiers were involved in building the wall and in managing the workers as well. It is estimated that millions of people worked on the wall over the course of over 1000 years. Some scientists think that up to 1 million people died while building the wall. People building the wall were not treated very well.

Many people were just buried under the wall when they died.

Great Wall of China

What did they build it with? Generally the wall was built with whatever resources were available nearby. The earlier walls were built with compacted dirt surrounded by stone. Much of the later Ming wall was built with bricks. Was it just a wall?

The wall was really a fortification to protect the northern border. It was a wall, but also had watchtowers, beacon towers to send signals, and blockhouses to house soldiers.

There were soldiers guarding the walls and towers.

The Great Wall of China — All Things You Want to Know

There were also towns built along the wall to garrison soldiers so they could quickly get to the wall in case of a large attack. It is estimated that over 1 million soldiers guarded the great wall during the height of the Ming Dynasty. Today the walls continue to erode, however historians are trying to protect what sections they can. The height and width of the wall varies over its length.

  1. Much of the later Ming wall was built with bricks. If you take the length of the entire wall, plus various branches, it is around 5,500 miles long!
  2. Construction The mystery of the construction of the wall is amazing. Many people say that the Great Wall can be seen from the Moon without aid.
  3. What did they build it with? It is estimated that millions of people worked on the wall over the course of over 1000 years.

The current wall built by the Ming Dynasty averages around 33 feet tall and 15 feet wide. It is the longest man made structure in the world. Wide moats were often dug outside the wall in flat areas to make an enemies approach more difficult.

Smoke signals were used to indicate an attack. The more enemies that were attacking, the more smoke signals they would make. It was named one of the New Seven Wonders of the World. Many people say that the Great Wall can be seen from the Moon without aid.

However, this is just a myth. The wheelbarrow, which the Chinese invented, no doubt was a great help in building much of the wall. The wall extends through all sorts of terrain, even into the mountains. Its highest point is over 5,000 feet above sea level.

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The Great Wall

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