Term papers writing service


An introduction to the mythology of the greek goddesses

That is your answer key. Greek creation mythology Although when we think of mythology we think of a collection of stories, there is a beginning to them. Understanding the beginning of the story, the creation of the world, gives us a framework to build upon as we learn about the different myths. The short answer to how the Greeks viewed the creation of the world is this: Scary old gods came first; they got stomped down by their kids, who were better looking, younger gods.

These gods created humans. Humans and gods fought for supremacy, and the humans won a few rounds but eventually got trounced and became more and more miserable. Now, the longer answer: In the beginning, an introduction to the mythology of the greek goddesses universe was without form. It was not nothing; there was matter, but it was unorganized, shapeless, mixed up and dark. This was called Chaos.

After Chaos, more divinities, or gods, came into being. Gaia, the Earth, held up Uranus, the sky. Gaia and Uranus had a bunch of kids. First they had a bunch of monsters including the Cyclops, and then they created the Titans as the second generation. Uranus hated all the Titans and was actually quite ugly about it — but there are only a couple of Titans that you need to remember: Gaia was pretty ticked at Uranus for being a jerk, so she helped Cronus overthrow him.

So, let's keep this straight. Cronus is Uranus's son. Cronus became the king bye-bye Uranusand married his sister, Rhea — another Titan. It's like a soap opera. This was called the Golden Age because men, who had been made by a Titan named Prometheus, were living in harmony.

  1. She was very competitive and is often pictured with her helmet and a spear.
  2. He would fight on both sides, if possible.
  3. First, we have to explore exactly what we mean by "Olympian gods. These gods and goddesses were all around the humans, living in the oceans, the air, the forests, and under the ground.
  4. Because the myths were always being revised throughout history, there are many versions of the myths that can be found. She was gentle and kind and was very popular with the Greeks.
  5. Of course, she's his sister, too, but that's the way it was on Olympus. Our first goddess is Hera.

Everything was hunky dory. It didn't last, though, because Cronus heard a prophecy that one of his sons would dethrone him, so every time his wife, Rhea, had a baby, he swallowed it.

Rhea got a little sick of seeing all of her children swallowed alive, so she tricked Cronus when her sixth child, Zeus, was born; she wrapped up a rock to look like a baby and had Cronus swallow that instead.

  1. Cronus is Uranus's son. She carried Zeus's shield, called the aegis.
  2. Humans and gods fought for supremacy, and the humans won a few rounds but eventually got trounced and became more and more miserable.
  3. Gaia, the Earth, held up Uranus, the sky. He was gloomy and frightening.
  4. Seven of them were Zeus and his siblings, and seven others were children of Zeus. Greek myths were told by bards, or traveling storytellers.

Zeus rescued his previously swallowed siblings, and all was right with the world. World View The Greek view of the world was a little different than ours. The Greeks believed that the world was flat, but circular, like a paper plate.

Introduction

Their world was divided by the Mediterranean, which means "Middle of the Lands" in Latin. The river Ocean flowed around the world in a clockwise motion. In the north lived the Hyperboreans — an extremely happy people for whom life was sweet.

When the old people became tired of living, they threw themselves into the sea.

An Introduction to Greek Mythology

This was a land of constant vacation where people were said to live for 1,000 years. In the south lived the Ethiopians. In Greek drama, mention is often made of various gods being in Ethiopia, meaning really far away. So, if I say I parked in Ethiopia this morning, would that mean I'm close to my office or far away? To the west were the Elysian Fields. This was the closest the Greeks got to the idea of heaven; only the best and brightest of the dead people got to go there.

Draw your own representation of the Greek view of the world on the paper plate using colored pencils and the map on the previous page as a guideline. Be sure to include the Ethiopians, the Hyperboreans and the Elysian Fields on your map. Write a one-paragraph essay comparing the Greek view of the world to the contemporary view of it, including at least two points of comparison and two of contrast.

You can follow this guideline: Begin with a topic sentence. Here is an example: The Greek view of the world both resembles and differs from the contemporary view. Next, list two ways the views are similar. The Greek view resembles the contemporary view in that: Additionally, the views are similar because: Next, list two ways the views are different.

However, the Greek view is not the same as the contemporary view because the Greeks believed The Greeks also thought Last, you will state a conclusion. Therefore, even though the views have similarities, they differ in important ways. The Olympian gods Use the information in this lesson to begin to fill in the gods and goddesses chart at the end of this lesson; you will also need to do your own research to complete it.

Now that you understand the way that the Greeks viewed the beginning of the world, you are ready to learn about the Olympian gods. First, we have to explore exactly what we mean by "Olympian gods. Gradually, it became associated less and less with an actual mountain and more with an imaginary place high above the earth.

Introduction to Greek Mythology

According to the ancient Greeks, the gate to Olympus was made of clouds and it was guarded by four goddesses, the Seasons. Each god had his or her own dwelling place, but Olympus was home base.

  • Sometimes only 12 will be listed;
  • These gods and goddesses were all around the humans, living in the oceans, the air, the forests, and under the ground.

There were up to 14 gods considered Olympian gods. Seven of them were Zeus and his siblings, and seven others were children of Zeus.

Sometimes only 12 will be listed. The Greeks and Romans shared mythology, so you will find two names for most gods. Zeus was the king of the hill. He was dominating, powerful and had a soft spot for pretty women. He could be terrifying when angry. His symbols were the thunderbolts, or lightning bolts made for him by the Cyclopes his uncles ; the eagle; and the scepter, or rod.

Please copy this information onto your chart. Hades, or Pluto, was the god of the underworld and of the dead. He was called the same names by the Romans, but they also sometimes called him Dis or Dis Pater. He was Zeus's brother and married Persephone after kidnapping her against her will. An introduction to the mythology of the greek goddesses was gloomy and frightening.

Next, we have Poseidon, or Neptune, as the Romans called him. He was Zeus's brother, and he was the god of the sea and also earthquakes. Our first goddess is Hera. She sits on the right side of Zeus and is his wife. Of course, she's his sister, too, but that's the way it was on Olympus. Hera's Roman name is Juno, and she is the queen of the gods. She is the guardian of marriage and was well-loved by the Greeks; it's kind of sad that she's the goddess of marriage but her own marriage was so bad.

She was often jealous of her husband's girlfriends and did mean things to them, even the ones who didn't want anything to do with him, but she could be tender and loving as well.

The peacock was her symbol. In fact, the circles in a peacock's tail are said to be the eyes of her 100-eyed servant, Argus. Next is Athena, or Minerva, the daughter who sprang fully formed from the head of Zeus after a major headache. She is the goddess of wisdom and war and also the protector and namesake of the city of Athens.

She preferred reason to violence unless she was pushed. She turned Arachne into a spider for bragging that she could spin better than Athena. She was very competitive and is often pictured with her helmet and a spear. She carried Zeus's shield, called the aegis.

The owl was her bird. Can you see it in her hand? Apollo was a twin. His Roman name was the same as his Greek name. He was the god of the sun or light, poetry, music and medicine and was famous for his oracles wise women to whom he gave his power to predict and interpret the future. He was very proud and also protective of his mother and sister. His symbols were the gold bow and arrows, and he often appears golden and shining. He wears a laurel wreath in memory of Daphne, who didn't want to be his lover and prayed to Mother Earth for help escaping him; she was turned into a laurel tree.

Artemis was Apollo's twin. Her Roman name was Diana, and she was the goddess of hunting, chastity and the moon. She protects women and small children, is fiercely independent and particularly dislikes men. In pictures, she is seen accompanied by three hunting hounds, a bow and a fawn. Ares or, as he is known by his Roman name, Mars, was the god of war.