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An introduction to the mt volcano strategic communication

Eye protection goggles Battery-powered radio Exposure to ash can harm your health, particularly the respiratory breathing tract.

N-95 respirators can be purchased at businesses such as hardware stores. It is important to follow directions for proper use of this respirator.

Key Facts About Preparing for a Volcanic Eruption

Nuisance dust masks can provide comfort and relief from exposure to relatively non-hazardous contaminants such as pollen, but they do not offer as much protection as an N-95 respirator. Cleanup or emergency workers may need a different type of breathing protection. Though it may seem safe to stay at home and wait out an eruption, doing so could be very dangerous.

Volcanoes spew hot, dangerous gases, ash, lava, and rock that are powerfully destructive. Preparing to evacuate Tune in the radio or television for volcano updates. Listen for disaster sirens and warning signals.

If you are told to evacuate

Review your emergency plan and gather your emergency supplies. Be sure to pack at least a 1-week supply of prescription medications. Prepare an emergency kit for your vehicle with food, flares, booster cables, maps, tools, a first aid kit, a fire extinguisher, sleeping bags, a flashlight, batteries, etc. Place vehicles under cover, if at all possible. Put livestock in an enclosed area. Plan ahead to take pets with you, but be aware that many emergency shelters cannot accept animals.

Fill your clean water containers. Fill sinks and bathtubs with water as an extra supply for washing. Adjust the thermostat on refrigerators and freezers to the coolest possible temperature.

If the power goes out, food will stay cooler longer. As you evacuate Take only essential items with you, including at least a 1-week supply of prescription medications.

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If you have time, turn off the gas, electricity, and water. Disconnect appliances to reduce the likelihood of electrical shock when power is restored. Follow designated evacuation routes—others may be blocked—and expect heavy traffic and delays. Top of Page If you are told to take shelter where you are Keep listening to your radio or television until you are told all is safe or you are told to evacuate.

Local authorities may evacuate specific areas at greatest risk in your community. Close and lock all windows and outside doors. Turn off all heating and air conditioning systems and fans.

How to prepare

Close the fireplace damper. Organize your emergency supplies and make sure household members know where the supplies are. Make sure the radio is working.

  1. Put livestock in an enclosed area.
  2. Be sure to pack at least a 1-week supply of prescription medications. Prepare an emergency kit for your vehicle with food, flares, booster cables, maps, tools, a first aid kit, a fire extinguisher, sleeping bags, a flashlight, batteries, etc.
  3. Close the fireplace damper.
  4. Though it may seem safe to stay at home and wait out an eruption, doing so could be very dangerous.
  5. Close the fireplace damper.

Go to an interior room without windows that is above ground level. Bring your pets with you, and be sure to bring additional food and water supplies for them. It is ideal to have a hard-wired non-portable telephone in the room you select. Call your emergency contact—a friend or family member who does not live near the volcano—and have the phone available if you need to report a life-threatening condition.

Remember that telephone equipment may be overwhelmed or damaged during an emergency.