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An introduction to the issue of global warming in todays society

Industrial emissions of greenhouse gases that affect the climate. Green carbon Carbon stored in terrestrial ecosystems e. Black carbon Formed through incomplete combustion of fuels and may be significantly reduced if clean burning technologies are employed.

But a mitigation approach needs to consider all these forms of carbon they note, not just one or two: Past mitigation efforts concentrated on brown carbon, sometimes leading to land conversion for biofuel production which inadvertently increased emissions from green carbon.

This will only be possible if mitigation efforts accommodate all four carbon colors. However, it remains the largest emitter when measured in terms of emissions per person.

Due to its much longer period of industrialization, the US has emitted far more into the atmosphere than China greenhouse gases such as CO2 linger on in the atmosphere for decades.

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In addition, the US: However, It is not near the level required; For the second consecutive year, in 2003, emissions from EU countries have actually increased slightly though still remaining slightly lower than 1990 levels. Stalling Kyoto Protocol Gets Push by Russia The Kyoto Protocol was the climate change treaty negotiated in 1997, setting targets for emissions of greenhouse gases.

Russia has to cut emission levels from the Soviet days, and their emissions in the past decade has been far less, so it should not pose as much of a problem to reduce such emissions. Noting the above, the BBC commented on this adding that Kyoto was only ever a first step โ€” now discussions on the next, more stringent, target on greenhouse gas emissions can begin.

Canada pulls out of Kyoto On December 13 2011, Canada pulled out of the Kyoto climate treaty โ€” which it is legally allowed to do โ€” to condemnation domestically and internationally. One of the main concerns had been the cost to the tax payer: Yet, the economic costs of inaction are in the trillions: Economic studies have consistently shown that mitigation such as putting a price on carbon emissions is several times less costly than trying to adapt to climate change.

The economic impacts of carbon pricingSkepticalScience. Rich nation emissions have been rising The UNFCCC reported November 17, 2008 that although industrialized nations have reduced emissions between 1990 and 2006, in recent years, between 2000 and 2006, greenhouse gas emissions have generally increased by 2. This is despite an overall decrease of 4.

  • Russia has to cut emission levels from the Soviet days, and their emissions in the past decade has been far less, so it should not pose as much of a problem to reduce such emissions;
  • While recently the US has seen a drop in carbon emissions while seeing some economic growth;
  • China, whose growth has been driven by export-based industries, is usually described as the world's largest emitter of CO2, but its footprint drops by almost a fifth when its imports and exports are taken into account, putting it firmly behind the US;
  • Germany for example is known to be pushing for renewables more than most;
  • This will only be possible if mitigation efforts accommodate all four carbon colors;
  • However, the more recent period suggests the rich country emission reductions are not sustainable.

However, the more recent period suggests the rich country emission reductions are not sustainable. Furthermore, it looks worse considering a large part of this decrease is because of the collapse of the Soviet Union. As transition economies started to recover around 2000, emissions have started to rise. Some nations with large reductions are also seeing limitsfor example: Other reductions have come in part from relocating manufacturing to other places such as China, which now claims at least one third of its emissions are because of production for others.

The production and global distribution of manufactured products thus form a large portion of global human carbon emissions. The Kyoto Protocol assigns carbon emissions to countries based on where production takes place rather than where things are consumed. For many years, critics of the Kyoto Protocol have long argued that this means rich countries, who have outsourced much of their manufacturing to developing nations have an accounting trick they can use to show more emissions reduction than developing nations.

Climate Change and Global Warming Introduction

The BBC noted back in 2005 that this outsourcing was already taking placebut this idea started way before the Kyoto Protocol came into being. He wrote in an internal memo: And the findings seemed to vindicate what many environmental groups had said for many years about the Kyoto Protocol as noted earlier. In the same period, UK emissions fell by 28 million tonnes, but when imports and exports are taken into account, the domestic footprint has risen by more than 100 million tonnes.

China, whose growth has been driven by export-based industries, is usually described as the world's largest emitter of CO2, but its footprint drops by almost a fifth when its imports and exports are taken into account, putting it firmly behind the US.

At the same time, there are signs of progress in Europe and the US, too. Germany for example is known to be pushing for renewables more than most.

  • This will only be possible if mitigation efforts accommodate all four carbon colors;
  • Germany for example is known to be pushing for renewables more than most;
  • This is despite an overall decrease of 4;
  • Germany for example is known to be pushing for renewables more than most;
  • This is despite an overall decrease of 4;
  • One of the main concerns had been the cost to the tax payer:

While recently the US has seen a drop in carbon emissions while seeing some economic growth. Developing Countries Affected Most It has been known for some time know that developing countries will be affected the most.

Reasons vary from lacking resources to cope, compared to developed nations, immense poverty, regions that many developing countries are in happen to be the ones where severe weather will hit the most, small island nations area already seeing sea level rising, and so on.

German Watch published a Global Climate Risk Index at the end of 2011 listing nations that would be affected the most from climate change based on extreme weather such as hurricanes and floods. Between 1991 and 2010 they found these were the most affected nations: