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An introduction to the hiv virus human immunodeficiency virus that causes aids

HIV blood tests and results Diagnosis is made through a blood test that screens specifically for the virus. If HIV has been found, the test result is "positive.

If a person has been exposed to the virus, it is crucial that they get tested as soon as possible.

A Comprehensive Guide to HIV and AIDS

The earlier HIV is detected, the more likely the treatment will be successful. A home testing kit can be used as well. After infection with HIV, it can take from 3 weeks to 6 months for the virus to show up in testing. Re-testing may be necessary.

Global information and education on HIV and AIDS

If the moment an individual was most at risk of infection was within the last 6 months, they can have the test immediately. However, the provider will urge that another test is carried out within a few weeks. Treatment Treatment The red ribbon is the worldwide symbol of support and awareness for people living with HIV. Treatments can stop the progression of the condition and allow most people living with HIV the opportunity to live a long and relatively healthy life.

Earlier HIV antiretroviral treatment is crucial — it improves quality of life, extends life expectancy, and reduces the risk of transmission, according to the World Health Organization's guidelines issued in June 2013.

Currently, there is no vaccine or cure for HIV, but treatments have evolved which are much more effective and better tolerated; they can improve patients' general health and quality of life considerably, in as little as one pill per day.

It is now established that, given the right treatment, someone living with HIV can reduce his or her viral load to such a degree that it is no longer detectable.

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After assessing a number of large studies, the CDC concluded that individuals who have no detectable viral load "have effectively no risk of sexually transmitting the virus to an HIV-negative partner. Emergency HIV pills post-exposure prophylaxis If an individual believes they have been exposed to the virus within the last 72 hours 3 daysanti-HIV medications, called PEP post-exposure prophylaxis may stop infection.

The treatment should be taken as soon as possible after contact with the virus.

  • You can also use a home testing kit, available for purchase in most pharmacies and online;
  • Over decades, the virus slowly spread across Africa and later into other parts of the world;
  • As the name suggests, protease inhibitors bind to the enzyme and inhibit its action, preventing HIV from making copies of itself;
  • HIV cannot be transmitted through sweat, saliva or urine;
  • Steps to help people living with HIV feel their best include;
  • HIV cannot be transmitted through sweat, saliva or urine.

PEP is a treatment lasting 4 weeks, a total of 28 days. Monitoring for HIV will be continued after completion of the treatment. The treatment fights the HIV infection and slows down the spread of the virus in the body.

There are a number of subgroups of antiretrovirals; these include: Protease inhibitors Protease is an enzyme that HIV needs to replicate. As the name suggests, protease inhibitors bind to the enzyme and inhibit its action, preventing HIV from making copies of itself.

Integrase inhibitors HIV needs the integrase enzyme to infect T cells. This drug prevents that step.


Integrase inhibitors are often used in the first line of treatment because they are effective for many people, and cause minimal side effects. They are rarely used in America because other drugs are more effective. Without access to these cells, HIV cannot replicate. As with chemokine co-receptor antagonists, they are rarely used in the United States. A combination of these drugs will be used; the exact mix of drugs is adapted to each individual.

HIV treatment is usually permanent and lifelong.

Explaining HIV and AIDS

HIV treatment is based on routine dosage. Pills must be taken on a regular schedule, every time. Each class of ARVs has different side effects, but some possible common side effects include: