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An argument on the existence of god by decartes and locke

The adventures of a nursing assistant learning theology

Virtue, knowledge, power, pleasure and existence we understand because we have seen or lived them. We know what is good, and we can imagine good qualities combined and magnified.

Our simple human experience of virtue, knowledge, power, existence combined with our understanding of infinity is our best representation of God.

  • He states his theories favoring God's existence, most notably in his second ontological argument;
  • Hackett Publishing Company, 1996;
  • This is using reason as the first and only source of knowledge;
  • The existence of any innate principles or ideas on at least two independent grounds is rejected by Locke;
  • Finally, I will point to some complications and problems that exist within the proof.

This is not to say that humans invent God. Reason leads us to see that God must be everything that is good, expanded to infinity.

  • Descartes would refuse any other source;
  • Or that those things, which with the utmost stretch of his reason he can scarce comprehend, should be moved and managed without any reason at all?
  • To summarize, Descartes and Locke are primarily skeptics about the probability of definite knowledge;
  • For him, it is useless to assume, anything occult, opaque, mysterious, hidden away in the recesses of the mind.

Because God is defined as perfect, and existence is more perfect than non-existence, one cannot think of God as not existing. Existence is part of the essence of God. We know faith through our heart as well as our mind.

This limitation should not discourage our faith, but should serve to humble us and make us depend more on the heart.

1.14-1.16. Locke, Descartes, and Pascal on proofs for God

Proofs for God are not very helpful, because they are complex and impossible to internalize. Otherwise it is empty philosophy with no real redemption.

  • This is not to say that humans invent God;
  • Finally, I will find out which of the ideas from the two philosophers is more convincing;
  • Finally, I will point to some complications and problems that exist within the proof;
  • What roles do the mind and body play in the acquisition of knowledge?
  • For Locke, knowledge is possible to a very high degree;
  • He begins with two objections, which will not be addressed here, and continues on to state five arguments for the existence of God.

Locke uses human experience of things like power and knowledge as the basis for an infinitely good God. Descartes uses geometry, his examples being a triangle and a mountain.

The Existence Of God: The Arguments Of Locke And Descartes

Reason is used to analyze the experience of knowledge Locke or the angles of a triangle Descartes. Reason is also used to draw the analogy with God as either the perfection of knowledge among all other good things and as being something with essential traits, like a geometric shape.

In both cases the raw material for the argument is drawn from things humans can see and understand. This is using reason as the first and only source of knowledge. Descartes would refuse any other source. The other important point from Pascal is that God knowledge must be accompanied by knowledge first-hand experience? Descartes would see this as irrelevant: They come from the heart, not the mind.

And if we experience pleasure and happiness, we must also know pain and sadness.