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A summary of the united states of america

The presentation of the Declaration of Independence. After the French and Indian War, the colonists began to think that they were not getting their "rights as freeborn Englishman". This was mainly caused by new taxes the British made the colonies pay to pay for the war.

Incolonists in Boston known as the Sons of Liberty got in a fight with British soldiers. This became known as the Boston Massacre. This was known as the Boston Tea Party It argued that the colonies should be free of English rule.

This said that they were free and independent statesand were not part of England any more. The Revolutionary War started in at Lexington and Concord. Inan American victory at Yorktown helped by the French led Britain to decide to stop fighting and give up the colonies. It gave almost all the power to the states and very little to the central government.

  • They looked increasingly at their own assemblies, not distant Parliament, as their legitimate law-making body;
  • First, they had become independent of Great Britain;
  • As the century draws to a close, the population of the USA reaches 5;
  • The Civil War and Reconstruction, — The nation that had been held together since by tenuous constitutional compromises concerning slavery now suffered the ultimate test;
  • Included in this total are almost 7 percent of students in kindergarten through high school K , presenting important challenges for schools, including behavioral issues among these children;
  • Meanwhile, the significance of the war had shifted in with the Emancipation Proclamation pp.

It could not remove Native Americans or the British from the frontiernor could it stop mob uprisings such as Shays' Rebellion. Many of the people who helped write the Constitution, such as Washington, James MadisonAlexander Hamilton and Gouverneur Morriswere among the major thinkers in America at the time. The constitution created a stronger national government that had three branches: In other states, many people did not like the Constitution because it gave more power to the central government and had no bill of rights.

This was a set of 10 amendments changesthat limited the government's power and guaranteed rights to the citizens.

However, this was not true at first, when only white males who owned property could vote. He defined how a person should act as President and retired after two terms. This was the first American election that was between two political parties. One of the most important things he did as President was to make the Louisiana Purchase from Francewhich made the United States twice as big.

A Brief Summary of American History, Part I: 1492–1877

This was called the War of Byover three million African-Americans were slaves in the South. Most worked picking cotton on large plantations. Most white people in the South owned no slaves at all.

  1. The shift in recent years to a more intense regime of enforcement has not prevented the undocumented from working, but it has coincided with a reduction in their wages.
  2. Or a constitutional convention can be convened by a vote of two thirds of the state legislatures, which will propose one or more amendments.
  3. The near simultaneously establishment of Jamestown by England , Santa Fe by Spain , and Quebec by France offers a small glimpse of the diverse settlements competing for primacy in the New World for other examples, see pp.
  4. The states with the fastest growth rates of immigrant population today are primarily in the South. Two things were now certain for the thirteen original states.
  5. Bolstered by French money, men, and materiel, the patriots forced a British surrender at Yorktown in 1781 pp. Five years of Civil War — pitted brother against brother in a contest that would determine not only the fate of four million slaves, but also the future form of the American Republic—if there was even to be a republic anymore.

All of these rebellions failed. The South wanted stronger state governments, but the North wanted a stronger central government. Due to the American System, bigger cities and more factories were built. Bythousands of miles of railroads and telegraph lines had been built in the United States, mostly in the Northeast and Midwest.

Many factories were built in Northern cities such as Lowell, Massachusetts. Many factory workers were women, and some were children or people from Ireland or Germany.

  • What all of these English settlers had in common, however, was a shared heritage dating back to the Magna Carta 1215 and renewed by the Glorious Revolution 1688;
  • Meanwhile, the Republicans, led by Thomas Jefferson and James Madison, emphasized the tradition of local representative government that had underwritten the American Revolution for example, see p;
  • Lincoln switched from one general to another until finally discovering in Ulysses S;
  • And what about the status of the recently freed slaves?
  • Immigration statuses fall into four rough categories;
  • As the British attempted to disarm colonials in Massachusetts, the farmers fought back and began the War of American Independence.

Thousands of people gathered at large religious meetings called revivals. The other was abolitionismwhich tried to end slavery.

  1. As Federalists and Republicans vied for power, America conducted its greatest experiment.
  2. Although this new plan had some advantages over the Articles of Confederation, it also risked delegating too much power to the federal government.
  3. Throughout most of the Revolutionary War, the Continental Congress served as an emergency government. By , slavery was very rare in the North, but continued in the South.

People such as Harriet Beecher Stowe and William Lloyd Garrison wrote books and newspapers saying that slavery should stop. Byslavery was very rare in the North, but continued in the South. This meant that most married women were expected to stay in the home and raise children. Women who were not married had only a few jobs open to them, such as working in clothing factories and serving as maids.

Inmany of these women met and agreed to fight for more rights for women, including voting. He was the first president elected from the Democratic Party.

He changed the government in many ways. Since many of his supporters were poor people who had not voted before, he rewarded them with government jobs, which is called "spoils" or "patronage". He saw it as a symbol of Whigs and of powerful American businessmen.

A Brief Summary of American History, Part I: 1492–1877

They called it the "Tariff of Abominations". Calhounwas from the South. He wrote that the South should stop the tariff and perhaps leave the Union secession. These words would be used again during the Civil War. The first people who moved west were people who caught and sold animal skins such as John Colter and Jim Bridger. During this period, Native Americans lost much of their land.

History of the United States

They had lost military battles to the Americans at Tippecanoe and in the Seminole War. InTexaswhich was a nation after it left Mexicojoined the United States. During the war, the U. Many people in the North did not like this war, because they thought it was just good for Southern slave states.