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A summary of citizen kane by orson welles

Its director, star, and producer were all the same genius individual - Orson Welles in his film debut at age 25! Mankiewicz on the script and also with an uncredited John Housemanand with Gregg Toland as his talented cinematographer. Hearst - until it was re-released after World War II, found well-deserved but delayed recognition in Europe, and then played on television.

The film engendered controversy and efforts at ruthless suppression in early through intimidation, blackmail, newspaper smears, discrediting and FBI investigations before it premiered in New York City on May 1,because it appeared to fictionalize and caricaturize certain events and individuals in the life of William Randolph Hearst - a powerful newspaper magnate and publisher.

The film was accused of drawing remarkable, unflattering, and uncomplimentary parallels especially in regards to the Susan Alexander Kane character to real-life.

The gossip columnist Louella Parsons persuaded her newspaper boss Hearst that he was being slandered by RKO and Orson Welles' film when it was first previewed, so the Hearst-owned newspapers and other media outlets pressured theatres to boycott the film and also threatened libel lawsuits. Hearst also ordered his publications to completely ignore the film, and not accept advertising for other RKO projects.

However, the title character Charles Foster Kane is mostly a composite of any number of powerful, colorful, and influential American individualists and financial barons in the early 20th century e.

By contrast, the real-life Hearst was born into wealth, whereas Kane was of humble birth - the son of poor boarding-house proprietors.

And Kane also was separated from both his mother and his mistress, unlike Hearst.

ORSON WELLES explains the meaning of Rosebud in CITIZEN KANE

Susan Alexander suffers humiliating failure as opera singer, attempts suicide, separates from Kane A beloved mistress - a young, and successful silent film actress Marion Davies Difference: One of Hollywood's most famous behind-the-scenes battles occurred over the making of the film, when William Randolph Hearst banned coverage of the film in his newspapers, and tried to curtail its success.

He accused the film of wrongly portraying him as a ruthless, publishing tycoon who died alone in the castle. Steve Hearst, VP of the Hearst Corporation, who allowed the screening, believed that it would highlight the fictional elements in the movie, and "correct the record.

With his four Academy Awards nominations, Welles became the first individual to receive simultaneous nominations in those four categories.

  1. Kane and his Xanadu is compared to the legendary Kubla Khan. Two of each, the biggest private zoo since Noah.
  2. I then decided that I would like to convince my audience of the reality of this man by means of apparently legitimate news digest short concerning his career. In his waking hours, Kane had certainly forgotten the sled and the name which was painted on it.
  3. Even before its release, rumors swirled that Charles Foster Kane and his life story were based on the life of media baron William Randolph Hearst, one of the most powerful men in America at the time. Palm trees surround a crumbling gate on the abandoned, cluttered grounds.
  4. I then decided that I would like to convince my audience of the reality of this man by means of apparently legitimate news digest short concerning his career.

Many of the performers from Orson Welles' Mercury Theatre group made their screen debuts in the film, among them Joseph Cotten Kane's oldest and best friend, and his newspaper's drama criticDorothy Comingore Kane's second wifeRuth Warrick Kane's first wifeRay Collins Kane's political opponentAgnes Moorehead Kane's motherEverett Sloane Kane's devoted and loyal employee and business managerErskine Sanford the newspaper's editor-in-chiefPaul Stewart Kane's butlerGeorge Couloris Kane's legal guardian and bank managerand William Alland the chief investigative reporter.

More importantly, the innovative, bold film is an acknowledged milestone in the development of cinematic technique, although it 'shared' some of its techniques from Hitchcock's Rebecca and other earlier films. It uses film as an art form to energetically communicate and display a non-static view of life. Its components brought together the following aspects: Kane's operatic performance; also the famous 'breakfast' montage scene illustrating the disintegration of Kane's marriage in a brief time long, uninterrupted shots or lengthy takes of sequences Its complex and pessimistic theme of a spiritually-failed man is told from several, unreliable perspectives and points-of-view also metaphorically communicated by the jigsaw puzzle by several different characters the associates and friends of the deceased - providing a sometimes contradictory, non-sequential, and enigmatic portrait.

The film tells the thought-provoking, tragic epic story of a 'rags-to-riches' child who inherited a fortune, was taken away from his humble surroundings and his father and mother, was raised by a banker, and became a fabulously wealthy, arrogant, and energetic newspaperman.

He made his reputation as the generous, idealistic champion of the underprivileged, and set his egotistical mind on a political career, until those political dreams were shattered after the revelation of an ill-advised 'love-nest' affair with a singer.

Kane's life was corrupted and ultimately self-destructed by a lust to fulfill the American dream of success, fame, wealth, power and immortality. After two failed marriages and a transformation into a morose, grotesque, and a summary of citizen kane by orson welles monster, his final days were spent alone, morose, and unhappy before his death in a reclusive refuge of his own making - an ominous castle filled with innumerable possessions to compensate a summary of citizen kane by orson welles his life's emptiness.

The discovery and revelation of the mystery of the life of the multi-millionaire publishing tycoon is determined through a reporter's search for the meaning of his single, cryptic dying word: However, no-one was present to hear him utter the elusive last word.

The reporter looks for clues to the word's identity by researching the newspaper publisher's life, through interviews with several of Kane's former friends and colleagues.

Was it a favorite pet or nickname of a lost love? Or the name of a racehorse?

  • However, the title character Charles Foster Kane is mostly a composite of any number of powerful, colorful, and influential American individualists and financial barons in the early 20th century e;
  • Leland, who, he says, was right to disagree with Kane about the Spanish-American War;
  • It was necessary that my character be a collector—the kind of man who never throws anything away;
  • Hearst also ordered his publications to completely ignore the film, and not accept advertising for other RKO projects;
  • Opportunities are not lost, but seized by Kane;
  • The best solution was the sled itself.

At film's end, the identity of "Rosebud" is revealed, but only to the film audience. Both films open and close on a matted image of a mansion in the distance. The camera pans up the chain-link mesh gate that dissolves and changes into images of great iron flowers or oak leaves on the heavy gate. On the crest of the gate is a single, silhouetted, wrought-iron "K" initial [for Kane]. The prohibitive gate surrounds a distant, forbidding-looking castle with towers.

The fairy-tale castle is situated on a man-made mountain - it is obviously the estate of a wealthy man. In the private world of the castle grounds, zoo pens have been designed for exotic animals.

Spider monkeys sit above a sign on one of the cages marked 'Bengal Tiger. A deserted green from the large golf course is marked with a sign needing repair No.

In the distance, a single, postage stamp-sized window of the castle is lit, always seen at approximately the same place in each frame. Palm trees surround a crumbling gate on the abandoned, cluttered grounds. The castle appears in a closer, medium shot.

During an even closer shot of the window, the light within the window suddenly goes out.

  1. It depends on who's talking about him. Citizen Kane is not about Louella Parsons' boss.
  2. Self-evidently, it was impossible for me to ignore American history. The footage is intentionally scratchy and worn.
  3. The gossip columnist Louella Parsons persuaded her newspaper boss Hearst that he was being slandered by RKO and Orson Welles' film when it was first previewed, so the Hearst-owned newspapers and other media outlets pressured theatres to boycott the film and also threatened libel lawsuits.
  4. In his waking hours, Kane had certainly forgotten the sled and the name which was painted on it. A dissolve fades to darkness.
  5. Actually, I've written four scripts, and the statistics concerning the average yearly output of producers, directors, script writers, and actors lucky enough to be in the A Division, show that however unsuccessful my efforts, I can't have had much time for recreation. I declined to fabricate an impossible or psychologically untrue reaction to American historical events by an American yellow journalist.

From an angle inside the turret room facing out of the enormous window, a silhouetted figure can be seen lying stiffly on a bed in the low-lit room. The scene shifts to swirling snowflakes that fill the entire screen - here's another mysterious object that demands probing. The flakes surround a snow-covered house with snowmen around it, and in a quick pull-back, we realize it is actually a wintery scene inside a crystal glass globe or ball-paperweight in the grasping hand of an old man.

Later in the film, it also is learned that the globe, associated with Susan, represents his first and only innocent love. It has been speculated that everything in the film was the dying man's dream -- and the burning of Rosebud in the film's climax was Kane's last conscious thought before death. The glass ball bounces down two carpeted steps and shatters into tiny pieces on the marble floor. In a dark silhouette, she folds his arms over his chest, and then covers him with a sheet.

The next view is again the lit window viewed from inside. A dissolve fades to darkness. In an abrupt cut from his private sanctuary, a row of flags is a backdrop for a dramatic, news-digest segment of News on the March!

Citizen Kane

The biopic film-in-a-film is a fact-filled, authoritative newsreel or documentary that briefly covers the chronological highlights of the public life of the deceased man. The faux newsreel provides a detailed, beautifully-edited, narrative-style outline and synopsis of Kane's public life, appearing authentically scratched, grainy and archival in some segments. The structure of the narrative in the newsreel is as follows: Information about Xanadu and its grandeur Kane's career personal, political, and financial - interwoven Thatcher's confrontation with Kane for the first time in the snow Chronological Account of Kane's life The test screening of the first episode of the series is titled on the first panel, soon followed by the words of a portentous, paternalistic, self-important narrator: Xanadu's Landlord An explanatory title card with the words of Coleridge's poem is imposed over views of Xanadu actually a series of shots of San Simeon.

Kane and his Xanadu is compared to the legendary Kubla Khan: Legendary was the Xanadu where Kubla Khan decreed his stately pleasure dome. Today, almost as legendary is Florida's Xanadu, world's largest private [views of people lounge around Xanadu and its pool] pleasure ground. Here, on the deserts of the Gulf Coast [the camera views the coastline], a private mountain was commissioned and successfully built. Contents of Xanadu's palace: Two of each, the biggest private zoo since Noah.

Like the pharaohs, Xanadu's landlord leaves many stones to mark his grave. Since the pyramids, Xanadu is the costliest monument a man has built to himself. Another explanatory title card: In Xanadu last week was held 's biggest strangest funeral. Kane's coffin emerges from Xanadu as it is borne by coffin-bearers.

  • The camera pans up the chain-link mesh gate that dissolves and changes into images of great iron flowers or oak leaves on the heavy gate;
  • In his subconscious it represented the simplicity, the comfort, above all the lack of responsibility in his home, and also it stood for his mother's love which Kane never lost;
  • Actually, I've written four scripts, and the statistics concerning the average yearly output of producers, directors, script writers, and actors lucky enough to be in the A Division, show that however unsuccessful my efforts, I can't have had much time for recreation;
  • What would she like to do, he asks?
  • When George Schaefer, the head of RKO Pictures, was hoping to generate a creative shakeup at his studio, he signed a deal with Welles that granted the wunderkind direct access to Schaefer himself and, among other things, gave Welles final cut on his films.