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A study of the controversial crime of president nixon the watergate scandal

Tags What was Watergate?

  • Dean wanted to protect the president and have his four closest men take the fall for telling the truth;
  • Investigators' examination of the bank records of a Miami company run by Watergate burglar Barker revealed an account controlled by him personally had deposited a check and then transferred it through the Federal Reserve Check Clearing System;
  • During the break-in, Hunt and Liddy would remain in contact with each other and with the burglars by radio;
  • Despite these revelations, Nixon's campaign was never seriously jeopardized; on November 7, the President was re-elected in one of the biggest landslides in American political history;
  • The court was scheduled to reconvene on March 23 to hear sentences.

Here are 14 facts that explain everything Deep Throat, Woodward and Bernstein, Saturday Night Massacre — just some phrases associated with the biggest political scandal in history. The Watergate scandal is widely considered to be the biggest in political history anywhere in the world but trying to explain it is not easy. There are many names, many dates and many events.

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He was vice president to Dwight D Eisenhower for eight years until 1960 when he himself ran for election against John F Kennedy, the youthful and idealistic Democrat, who he lost to in one of the closest elections in US history. Nixon was deeply hurt by this, blaming the media for favouring his opponent and he long resented the success of the Kennedy clan, a resentment which lasted all the way to the White House which he was elected to in 1968.

From the beginning of his presidency Nixon sought to undermine anyone who he considered an enemy. This was a group set up within the White House and tasked with stopping the leak of classified information to the media. The Watergate break-in As part of these illegal activities, in the early hours of 17 June 1972, five men attempted to break-in to the headquarters of the Democratic National Committee at the Watergate complex, about a mile from the White House.

When a security guard discovered tape on a door latch outside the DNC HQ he called the police and the five men were arrested.

Watergate Scandal

Once this link was established, and leaked to the media, the uncovering of the true extent of the scandal began. Six weeks after the break-in, he had told his chief of staff Bob Haldeman of the burglars and their leaders: Their work mainly involved following the money trial which broadly led from the burglars back to CREEP which had a slush fund to pay for the all the illegal activities that were going in. Their stories were continually criticised and denied by the White House and its press secretary Ronald Ziegler who later had to apologise to the men when it transpired that all of what they wrote was true.

  • Political investigations began in February 1973 when the Senate established a Committee to investigate the Watergate scandal;
  • Nixon's own reaction to the break-in, at least initially, was one of skepticism;
  • Trying to make them talk, Sirica gave Hunt and two burglars provisional sentences of up to 40 years;
  • McGovern , soon to become the Democratic nominee in the 1972 U.

Bernstein and Woodword in the Washington Post newsroom in May 1973 7. The source was, in journalistic parlance, on deep background which meant he could not even be quoted anonymously.

Watergate scandal

Woodward explains their relationship in this clip: By early 1973, cracks began to appear in the cover-up of Watergate when FBI director Patrick Gray testified at hearings intended to confirm him as permanent director of the FBI that he had been asked to keep the White House abreast of the Watergate investigation on a daily basis.

Soon afterwards one of the Watergate burglars, James McCord, wrote to Judge John Sirica claiming that he had perjured himself in testimony by lying about the nature of the burglary saying it had been a CIA operation when in fact it involved other government officials. Soon after Dean began co-operating with Watergate prosecutors and Gray resigned as head of the FBI after it emerged he had destroyed files connected to the scandal.

John Dean gave a 245-page prepared statement to the Senate Watergate Committee in June 1973, lasting a total of seven hours. Saturday Night Massacre The battle over the release of the tapes continued as the special prosecutor, Cox, refused to drop the subpoena.

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Later Nixon famously went in front of the media and the world at a press conference from Disney World in Florida to declare that he is not a crook: But the battle over the tapes continued and went all the way to the US Supreme Court where, with the exception of the recused Justice William Rehnquist whom Nixon had appointedthere was a unanimous ruling that they should be released. It then emerged that there had been an 18-minute section of the tapes erased.

Resignation The game was up. Facing certain impeachment after being told by Republican senators that they would vote in favour of such a motion, Nixon decided to resign, saying that the scandal over Watergate would prevent him from carrying out his duties: I have never been a quitter.

To leave office before my term is completed is abhorrent to every instinct in my body. But as President, I must put the interest of America first.

The complete Watergate timeline (it took longer than you realize)

America needs a full-time President and a full-time Congress, particularly at this time with problems we face at home and abroad. Impeachment proceedings against Nixon had already been dropped following his resignation. Famously he did a high-profile television interview with the British broadcaster David Frost in 1977.

After 40 years it continues to resonate in modern day politics and acts as a warning to anyone in public life of the dangers of being too driven by power to not notice the moral, ethical and legal implications of what you are doing.