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A history of the palace of knossos the capital of legendary king minos

See Article History Alternative Title: Cnossus Knossos, also spelled Cnossus, city in ancient Cretecapital of the legendary king Minosand the principal centre of the Minoan, the earliest of the Aegean civilizations see Minoan civilization. Excavations were begun at Knossos under Sir Arthur Evans in 1900 and revealed a palace and surrounding buildings that were the centre of a sophisticated Bronze Age culture that dominated the Aegean between about 1600 and 1400 bc.

The first human inhabitants of Knossos probably came there from Anatolia in the 7th millennium bc and established an agricultural society based on wheat and livestock raising. At the beginning of the Early Minoan period 3000—2000 bc they began using bronze and making glazed pottery, engraved seals, and gold jewelry.

A hieroglyphic script was invented, and trade with the Egyptians was undertaken. The first palace at Knossos was built at the beginning of the Middle Minoan period 2000—1580 bc. It consisted of isolated structures built around a rectangular court.

Knossos produced fine polychrome pottery on a black glazed ground during this period. About 1720 bc a destructive earthquake leveled most of Knossos.

  1. Knossos was reduced henceforth to the status of a mere town, and the political focus of the Aegean world shifted to Mycenae on the Greek mainland.
  2. About 1720 bc a destructive earthquake leveled most of Knossos. A hieroglyphic script was invented, and trade with the Egyptians was undertaken.
  3. Excavations were begun at Knossos under Sir Arthur Evans in 1900 and revealed a palace and surrounding buildings that were the centre of a sophisticated Bronze Age culture that dominated the Aegean between about 1600 and 1400 bc. The Minoans also replaced their hieroglyphic script with a linear script known as Linear A.

The palace was rebuilt, this time with extensive colonnades and flights of stairs connecting the different buildings on the hilly site. The remains of this palace occupy the excavated site in the present day. The administrative and ceremonial quarters of the palace were on the west side of the central court, and the throne room in this area still contains the gypsum chair in which sat the kings of Knossos.

A history of the palace of knossos the capital of legendary king minos

This area of the palace also had long narrow basement rooms that served as storage magazines for wheat, oil, and treasure. Workshops were located on the northeast side of the central court, while residences were situated in the southeastern section. An elaborate system of drains, conduitsand pipes provided water and sanitation for the palace, and the whole urban complex was connected to other Cretan towns and ports by paved roads.

The art of Minoan fresco painting reached its zenith at this time, with scenes of dancing, sports, and dolphins done in a naturalistic style.

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The Minoans also replaced their hieroglyphic script with a linear script known as Linear A. About 1580 bc Minoan culture and influence began to be extended to mainland Greecewhere it was further developed and emerged as the culture known as Mycenaean. The Mycenaeans, in turn, achieved control over Knossos sometime in the 15th century bc; the Linear A script was replaced by another script, Linear Bwhich is identical to that used at Mycenae and is most generally deemed the prototype of Greek.

Knossos was reduced henceforth to the status of a mere town, and the political focus of the Aegean world shifted to Mycenae on the Greek mainland. Knossos continued to be inhabited through the subsequent centuries, though on a much-reduced scale. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:

  1. Knossos, site of the palace of legendary king minos, brings to mind aspects of greek myth the maze after uncovering troy and mycenae, heinrich schliemann turned to crete and sought to buy the hill under which lay the palace of knossos unable new houses built over the ruins of the old led to the raising of the site. At the beginning of the Early Minoan period 3000—2000 bc they began using bronze and making glazed pottery, engraved seals, and gold jewelry.
  2. As the capital of the minoan civilization on crete, knossos is associated with many great stories in greek mythology according to legend, it was here that king minos had a labyrinth built to keep his mythical creature, the minotaur the story goes that every nine years, king minos made king aegeus pick seven young boys.
  3. Knossos, near heraklion, is believed to have been the palace of king minos heraklion iraklion is the island's capital and the obvious base for visiting knossos and exploring central crete like many of according to local legend, the palms grew from date stones washed ashore from saracen ships in the ninth century. If you are looking for the perfect option for an archaeological tour in crete look no further than the ancient minoan capital knossos your kids will love our knossos private family friendly guided tour to the palace of king minos as it will bring their knowledge of greek mythology to life admire the legendary palace of knossos,.