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A comparison of the colonies on new england and the chesapeake region

Tobacco, rice, indigo etc.

A Comparison between New England Colony and Chesapeake Bay Colony Essay

Tobacco Field On the other hand, in New England, there was more economic diversification. The Yankees relied less on farming than their southern compatriots, and due to the niggardly New England soil, they often turned to other industries such as fishing and shipbuilding.

Shipbuilding in Massachusetts Bay Colony Contarastingly, the Chesapeake had less incentive for industry, and there was a lack of a substantial urban professional class. That brings us to….

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Typical New England town This was far from the case in the southern colonies, where towns were few and far between and plantations were scattered outposts in a swampy wilderness.

Byrd Plantation-north bank of the James River Additionally, the many diseases which ran rampant through the Chesapeake lowered the life expectancy of Virginians and Marylanders, many of whom never saw their twentieth birthday, or their first for that matter. On top of this, there was a highly unbalanced gender ratio: It is also worthy to mention that women had less power in New England than in the Chesapeake, which was because: Patriarchal Puritan values limited the opportunities of women.

In the Chesapeake, there were lower life expectencies and therefore, more landowning widows who brought intrinsic value to marriages. In New England, higher birth rates meant more male heirs and less things of value bequeathed to daughters.

The southern colonies, on the other hand, were more secular. The Anglican merchant-planters of the Chesapeake were more concerned with profit than prayer.

A relatively small group of settlers in the Chesapeake had come over for religious reasons.

Political- Politically, the Chesapeake and New England colonies differed little. They both had fledgling examples of self-government House of Burgesses, New England town governments etc. Environment- New England, with the exception of the fertile Connecticut valley, had little in the way of good soil. However, it had a plentiful supply of wood, fish, and furs that would be exploited by colonists.

In the Chesapeake, the fertile soil of the Tidewater and Piedmont fostered a dependence on tobacco. The cultivation of tobacco, which causes soil degradation and exhaustion, was a primary motivator for the westward and southward movement of plantation owners to Appalachia and beyond.

In both cases, a strong environmental footprint was left. Fur-bearing animals were depleted.

However, not only did colonists have an impact on the environment, but the environment had an impact on the colonists. Frigid winters retarded the growth of such diseases in New England. Swamp near Jamestown claims another victim Typical New England winter.