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A comparison of structured observation and face to face interviews

Application To validate results, when the number of candidates is quite large.

  1. Psychotherapy Research, 19 4-5 , 566-575. Phone interviewing as a means of data collection.
  2. Research that studies marginalized groups may benefit from telephone interviews. Structured interviews are used by positivists whereas unstructured interview is used by interpretivists.
  3. Qualitative Social Research, 7 4 , Art.

To probe personal details of the candidate, so as to judge if he is the right person for the job. Definition of Structured Interview Structured Interview is a type of personal interview, in which the interviewer uses a fixed format, wherein the questions are prepared in advance.

It uses highly systematised techniques of recording. It is a method of quantitative research used for the purpose of the survey, which aims at presenting the preset questions, in every interview, which the same sequence.

Difference Between Structured and Unstructured Interview

It is also known as a patterned or planned interview. Definition of Unstructured Interview Unstructured Interview is one, that does not use any fixed format, however, the interviewer may have a few planned questions prepared beforehand.

It is a qualitative research method, in which the questions are prepared during the interview. As the interview is unplanned, it has an informal approach where a friendly conversation takes place between the interviewer and interviewee. The interviewer has the freedom to ask any questions and can also change the sequence or skip some questions that are planned in advance, however, it lacks uniformity.

Further, the interviewer should possess deep knowledge and skill on the subject. Key Differences Between Structured and Unstructured Interview The difference between structured and unstructured interview can be drawn clearly on the following grounds: Structured Interview refers to an interview, in which questions to be asked to the candidates are fixed in advance.

An interview in which the questions to be asked to the candidates is rare and not prepared beforehand. As the structured interview is a pre-planned and same set of questions are put to all the candidates, so the data collected is quantitative in nature. As opposed to an unstructured interview, wherein different questions are put to different candidates, and so qualitative data is collected.

In descriptive research, the structured interview is used to collect information, because it is relatively economical and the inferences can be drawn easily.

A comparison of structured observation and face to face interviews

On the contrary, in exploratory research unstructured interview is used as the basic tool for collecting information. As against this, unstructured interview, the questions are open-ended, that can be answered in multiple ways, i. Structured interviews are used by positivists whereas unstructured interview is used by interpretivists. The structured interview is used for validating results when the number of candidates is quite large.

Unlike unstructured interview, which is used to probe personal details of the candidate, so as to judge if he is the right person for the job. In a structured interview, the characteristics evaluated are explicit which on the other side are implicit in an unstructured interview.

Conclusion Therefore, when the interview is structured, same questions, are put before the candidates, which are job-related. On the contrary, when the interview is unstructured, questions may differ from interviewee to interviewee, for the same job, which may or may not be related to the job. Moreover, in a structured interview, there is a pre-developed system or guide to check the results. As against this, there is no such pre-developed system or guide for checking interview results.