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Write an essay on tourism and assam

Download PDF Abstract Tourism is a temporary, short term movement of people to destination outside the places where they normally live and work their activities during the stay at each destination. It can be defined as the organization and operation of holidays especially, commercially. Tourism is now-a-days considered as an important industry which has vast scope for the generation of income and employment.

It is one of the world's fastest growing industries, a major source of foreign exchange earner of a nation and a measure for resolving inter state and inter community conflict.

  1. Under this, a foreigner intending to visit North-East including Assam had to undergo a long arduous procedure of obtaining permission from the Home Ministry. Most of the places of tourist attraction are not by the side of the national highways, and approach roads are in bad condition.
  2. To conclude growth of the tourism industry in this state mostly relies with the development of conventional policies leading to the enhancement of the tourism department and all round individuals' co-operation and awareness.
  3. It appears that the potentialities for developing tourism to a stable source of revenue are not matched by proper policy and strategy.
  4. Giving the geo-political situation of the region, cross-border markets are likely to be most cost effective business for surplus production of the region and also for imports of some consumable items in comparison of dealing in far-away main-land markets. It is well connected with the rest of India by rail, road and air.
  5. Under this, a foreigner intending to visit North-East including Assam had to undergo a long arduous procedure of obtaining permission from the Home Ministry. In Assam, the Government and the other establishments have taken up numerous strategies and initiatives to advertise tourism which is the fastest growing market here in Assam.

Although the whole north eastern region has tremendous tourism potential, the tourism industry in the area is still miles to go to exploit the proper potentialities. This is mainly due to curse of nature and lack of proper attention of the central government. The state as well as the entire north east region of India has been subjected to century long neglect. Even after 64 years of the country's independence, same kind of central apathy is being continued to the region.

The state of Assam is best known for her unique natural beauty with flora and fauna, historical monuments, pilgrim centre, tea gardens and its colorful cultural festivals.

All these can make Assam as one of the best destination of the tourists. Therefore, natural parks and sanctuaries, rivers, lakes, warm water springs, forests, wild life, are the principal components of tourist attraction in the state. The whole tourism potentialities of the state can be grouped together under the categories - Wildlife, Nature Tourism, Tea tourism, Eco Tourism, Cultural Tourism, and Adventure Tourism etc.

The present paper has been an attempt to highlight the main prospects and problems of tourism in Assam. The development of tourism in the state during the globalization period has also been analysised on the basis of some secondary data.

It is defined as the organization and operation of holidays especially, commercially. It is one of the world's fastest growing industries, a major source of foreign exchange earner of a nation and a measure for resolving inter state and inter community conflict India joined the club of globalize economy in 1991 when its economy is under the spell of fiscal and balance of payment crisis which compel her to initiate several structural adjustment programmed and economic liberalization.

It has opened the door of many new opportunities as well as formidable challenges. All spheres of life as like social, political, cultural and economic have been subjected to both positive and negative elements of globalization. With the increasing concern of widening of inter-state disparities and lack of development, it is highly imperative to assess the effects of globalization on North East India- one of the most backward regions of the country during the globalization period.

Assam is the pioneer state of the North- Eastern Region of India and situated in the far, north-east corner of the country. The total geographical area of the state is 78,438 sq. For administrative and revenue purposes, the 27 districts of the state are divided into 53 Sub-divisions and 149 Revenue circles. Although the potentiality of resources is very high, the state is still lagging behind in respect of economic development.

Even after write an essay on tourism and assam years of the country's independence, same kind of central apathy is being continued to the region. The whole tourism potentialities of the state can be grouped together under the following categories: Some of species are write an essay on tourism and assam to the state.

Assam is famous for as the home of one-horned rhinoceros. Some of the other endangered species found in the state are hollock gibbon, the stamp tailed macaque, the capped langur, the golden langur, the pigmy hog, the clouded leopard, the golden cat, the white winged wood-duck, etc. There are five National Parks and eleven wildlife and bird sanctuaries for protection and preservation of wildlife in the state.

Prospects and Problems of Tourism Industry in Assam

The total area covered by eleven wildlife and bird sanctuaries is 492. With its dense forests, uneven topography, flora and fauna, snow-clad Himalaya, Blue hills, crystal clear streams, majestic water falls, and large number of national parks, tiger projects, bird sanctuaries etc. From one end to the other, the state offers to the tourists so many places of natural beauty with wide variety that very few places in the world can compete with it. The tourists, both domestic and foreign, are likely to find these places attracting, nay alluring, provided a well-definite programme of action is evolved.

Because almost all the western and Japanese tourists visiting South East Asian region would drive a few hundred kilometers more to enjoy the scenic and cultural beauties of north east region.

This alone can boost the economy of entire NE. It is the largest single industrial sector in the state, which is contributing a bigger share in the state income of Assam. Each of these lush green tea gardens in Assam about 1000 in number is a treasure house of exotic beauty of nature with colourful people and their enchanting songs and dances, sprawling bungalows, and residential facilities.

Tourism industry of Assam

Many of these tea gardens have polo fields and golf courses. There are as many as 30 air strips and helipads maintained by the tea garden management. These facilities can form into an attractive package for tourism. The road communication to most of the tea gardens is fairly well maintained, and the rest houses and bungalows with modern facilities located there, are generally kept ready for visitors and guests.

Therefore, coordination with the management of the tea gardens can effectively do a lot in promoting tea tourism in the state. It may be noted that tea tourism is a recent concept, its potentiality, remains unexplored. ECO-TOURISM Eco-tourism is also a new concept, developed around the idea of travelling to places of natural beauty, moving around and staying with the places of nature for a couple of days.

It has the twin objectives of conserving environment and improving the welfare of the local people. Assam has immense scope for eco-tourism, as its scenic natural beauty and favourable climatic conditions.

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The state is virtually free from industrial pollution. Its green forests, blue hills, enchanting rivers are the basis on which eco-friendly tourism can be developed. In this respect, some primary infrastructural facilities as like- development of good approach road to the spots, good quality tents with provisions for food and other logistics, river cruising and water sports, bird watching towers etc. These facilities are likely to attract eco-tourists.

It may be noted that eco-tourism is yet to come to the take-off stage. As per 2001 census, the state has 9 recognized scheduled tribes in the plain districts and 14 in the hill districts i.

The tribal population constituted about 12. Each of these tribes possesses some unique features in its socio-cultural life including customs, religious belief, language, culture, way-of-life, festivals, food habits, songs and dances which are different from others. Most of these people have their own socio-cultural and religious festivals. Songs and dances, display of colourful dresses, tasting of innumerable varieties of both vegetarian and non-vegetarian dishes mark these festivals.

Sankardev Kalakhetra, Guwahati, has been organising, in recent years, spring festivals, on the line of the desert festival of Rajasthan, the Rangali Utsav in the month of April in which the various colourful shades of Assam are presented.

An average of 1000 visitors visits the Kamakhya temple every day throughout the year. It becomes a centre of attraction in the month of June when it celebrates the Ambubchi mela. At that time more than hundred thousand pilgrims come for pilgrimage from different places of India. Situated on a hill top Kamakhya is also a very beautiful place that attracts many tourists.

The other religious places where visitors often come from different parts of the country are- Borpeta, Famous for a Vaishnava monastery, Batadrawa, Birth place of Shri Sankardeva, write an essay on tourism and assam Vaishnava reformer, saint and a great literary figure, Madan Kamdev, Vast archeological ruins of fine erotic sculpture.

But most of the places do not provide adequate facilities to the tourists and pilgrims, for which these places of religious importance fail to attract a large number of write an essay on tourism and assam.

The Oil India maintains a very good golf course in the industrial town of Duliajan. These offer a unique opportunity to develop golf tourism in the state. Most of the courses are located near to air-strips and helipads maintained by the tea garden management. In recent years, domestic and foreign tourists are coming to play golf in different golf courses, and a good number of them use these air-strips and helipads.

Golf tourism can be integrated with eco and tea tourism. One has to recognize that some tourists may more than one interest and may like to combine various aspects of tourism described above. The enchanting blue hills and speedy rivers of Assam provide an enormous scope for the development of adventure tourism. Recently, some of the adventure sports activities like rock-climbing, trekking, Para-sailing, water sports, river rafting and angling are promoted by the Department of Tourism.

There is an annual angling competition held at Bhalukpung-Potasali side every year in November in which Indian and foreign tourists participate. But other areas of adventure tourism like hang gliding are yet to grow. Assam has a number of ideal places like Nilachal hills where the Kamakhya temple situated in the city of Guwahati and the hills around Kaziranga.

Since most of the tourists come to the state through Guwahati and visit Kaziranga, there is an enormous scope for hang gliding. Guwahati is situated on the bank of the mighty river Brahmaputra; it is a fast growing metropolis. Though unplanned, it is the gateway to the North-East India. It is well connected with the rest of India by rail, road and air. The airport, known as Gopinath Bordoloi airport, is being upgraded to an international one. The places of worth visiting are: Moreover, Sualkushi is known as the silk town of Assam, it is famous for Assamese silk, muga golden thread and other varieties of silk.

With the establishment of India- ASEAN free trade area, the north east will no longer be handicapped by the physical inaccessibility from the rest of the country. In this connection the region stands at the threshold of historical opportunity with a new era of possibilities and also be the grate way for future Asian trade.

The north east region including Assam will be developed further as tourist spots attracting more tourists from Europe, America and other parts of the world. Over the years after globalization, Tourism Industry has witnessed tremendous success and has been rising gradually.

  1. Places to Visit in Assam, Best Tourist…18 Jul 2016 Assam, the mystic land of lofty blue hills and verdant, undulating river valleys is the Some of the notable tourist attractions in Assam include.
  2. Download PDF Abstract Tourism is a temporary, short term movement of people to destination outside the places where they normally live and work their activities during the stay at each destination. Sankardev Kalakhetra, Guwahati, has been organising, in recent years, spring festivals, on the line of the desert festival of Rajasthan, the Rangali Utsav in the month of April in which the various colourful shades of Assam are presented.
  3. The Department of Tourism initiated a programme to train tourist guides.

It is hopefully expected that the Tourism Industry will be able to fulfill its target there by providing employment and economic benefit to the unemployed youths of the state as well as contribute a substantial share to the state write an essay on tourism and assam in the years to come. The following table shows the volume of tourist traffic to Assam and revenue earned from the tourists during the globalization period.

The table reveals that though the inflow of tourists in the state is not so encouraging, it has been gradually increased during the globalization period. Thus the flow of tourists to the state is slowly picking up. Giving the geo-political situation of the region, cross-border markets are likely to be most cost effective business for surplus production of the region and also for imports of some consumable items in comparison of dealing in far-away main-land markets.

The state Tourism Department has just completed glorious 50 years of its existence. Over the years, it has witnessed a considerable success and all round development both infrastructure development and other facilities with the financial help of Government of India as well as the state Government due to increase of fund allocation.

The annual plan allocation for the year 2007-08 was Rs. During the period emphasis has been given to infrastructure development of destination and tourist circuit as well as employment generation. Absence of a Tourism Policy: Unfortunately, it is not available in any of the offices connected with tourism. It appears that there was an attempt in November 1987 to formulate a tourism policy and then in December 1992 an exercise was done to frame certain rules on tourism.

It appears that these steps did not bring forth any concrete result. Still the state has no any proper tourism policy.