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Virginia henderson theory of nursing nursing essay

Example essay writing, topic: Virginia Henderson Nursing Philosophy 1,796 words Essay examples you see on this page are free essays, available to anyone. It virginia henderson theory of nursing nursing essay not recommended to submit free essays or any of their parts for credit at your school as these are easily detected by plagiarism checkers. She says that the nurse is "a substitute for what the patient lacks" 1966, p. In other words, the nurse is eyes for the blind and legs for the amputee.

Her famous summary encapsulates well nursing's breadth of function. The unique function of the nurse is to assist the individual, sick or well, in the performance of those activities contributing to health or its recovery or to a peaceful death that he would perform unaided if he had the necessary strength, will or knowledge. And to do this in such a way as to help him gain independence as rapidly as possible. These points include such things as number one, "Breath normally," number three, "Eliminate body wastes," and number five, "Sleep and rest" 1991, p.

These points could also be viewed as patient needs; for example, the patient needs good air, sleep, and rest.

To discover the patient's real needs the nurse must first "get inside his skin" Henderson, 1991by imagining herself in the patient's position and thinking about what she would need. Next, she should fill the patient's needs while at the same time not doing for the patient that which he can doing for himself National League of Nursing [NLN], 1989.

The nurse must check her interpretation of the patient's needs with the patient. Henderson viewed the nurse as an. She saw the nurse's domain as being the authority in basic nursing care. She made these statements in her 1966 edition of The Nature of Nursing, and when she wrote addendum's to each chapter of the book republished in 1991 she revised her understanding of the nurse's role as.

She only intimates in this 1991 writing that nurses have an opportunity to serve by diagnosing and treating persons in underserved areas where physician care is lacking, but in a video interview in 1989 she is quite adamant that nurses should educate the public to view them as primary care givers. She buttresses her argument by referencing the World Health Organization's virginia henderson theory of nursing nursing essay that nurses have the number and qualifications to be the primary care givers who can, and often do, meet the underserved health needs of the world's ill people.

Henderson defines a primary care giver as one who is the first to hear the patient's complaint and either treat or refer him to someone else. This definition qualifies nurses, and especially mid-wives, as some of the first primary care givers. Henderson's ways of knowing are clearly from nursing's well-known four ways of knowing: Her empirical mentality beams forth when she wrote, "In this country nurses are now trying to base their practice on the same sort of scientific knowledge that guides other providers of health care.

She also uses aesthetics, which is the art of nursing seen in empathetic perception, creative expression, and the designing and delivering of efficient nursing care Carper, 1978. Henderson's insistence that the nurse discover the patient's needs by getting "inside his skin" is a prime example of trying to perceive the patient's needs through empathy.

  • In other words, the nurse is eyes for the blind and legs for the amputee;
  • Henderson emphasized that the nurse should have a liberal education, grounded in the physical, biological, and social sciences 1991;
  • To discover the patient's real needs the nurse must first "get inside his skin" Henderson, 1991 , by imagining herself in the patient's position and thinking about what she would need;
  • The nature of nursing;
  • Play or participate in various forms of recreation.

Her 14 points allow the nurse to give efficient nursing care, another aspect of aesthetics. Gaining nursing knowledge through personal knowledge is done by knowing one's self, accepting others, and actively pursuing a process of growth Carper, 1978. Henderson 1991 exhorts the nurse to know herself in order to better concentrate on learning the patient's needs and fulfilling his. Her emphasis on a nurse who is a continual student relates to the concept of ever growing. Building knowledge through ethics is based on one having a sense of responsibility, a moral code for his conduct and a sense of obligation Carper, 1978.

Henderson 1969 believes that nurses should have a social conscience, civic interest, personal integrity and abide by a code of ethics. I find Henderson's philosophy of nursing a welcome framework into which to place my own nursing practice. I want to make her virginia henderson theory of nursing nursing essay my starting point rather than the ending. Fulton 1987 rightly sees Henderson's philosophy as giving nursing a unique role in health care and providing a rationale for nursing activities, the two aspects of nursing that I have longed to find.

Her balance of the nurse assisting the patient while trying to bring him to a state of full independence fits nicely with the balance I hope to achieve when caring for post-surgery patients that have to be weaned from the ventilator, high oxygen concentration, and multiple medications.

This is an art and science. Like she recommends, I want to be a life-long student, continually updating my concepts and practice based on the best and latest research. Henderson's concepts provide a good outline from which a nurse educator can teach her students basic patient care.

The summarization statement about the unique function of the nurse provides an overarching motto for how the nurse is to relate to the patient. The 14 points of basic nursing care provide an outline on which the nurse educator can elaborate.

Example essay writing, topic: Virginia Henderson Nursing Philosophy

Henderson emphasized that the nurse should have a liberal education, grounded in the physical, biological, and social sciences 1991. She felt that the nurse should be educated, and not just trained. Henderson believed that nurses should perform research not only within the discipline but along side the physician as a team. This advice is a good starting point for using her philosophy in research.

One can find innumerable research topics within each of her 14 activities that promote patient health.

  • And to do this in such a way as to help him gain independence as rapidly as possible;
  • She felt that the nurse should be educated, and not just trained;
  • Keep the body clean and well groomed and protect the integument;
  • This advice is a good starting point for using her philosophy in research;
  • I have believed that a definition of nursing should imply an appreciation of the principle of physiological balance" p.

A researcher could compare virginia henderson theory of nursing nursing essay recovery speed of patients who spent the hospital stay within the hospital to those who spent considerable time outdoors in the fresh air. Of course, controlling all of the variables would be very difficult.

Another example could be taken from point number eight that encourages the nurse to keep the patient clean and well-groomed. An interesting research project could compare the recovery rate of the patients who received a daily bath with those who received a bath every two days. Again, controlling other variables and providing a large enough sample population would be a major task. Fundamental patterns of knowing.

Advances in Nursing Science, 1, 3- 23. Advanced Nursing Science, 10, 1-9. The nature of nursing. American Journal of Nursing, 64, 62-68. American Journal of Nursing, 69, 2133 -2137. The Nature of Nursing: Reflections after 25 Years. National League for Nursing, New York. National League of Nursing Producer. A conversation with Virginia Henderson [Motion picture].

Appendix Virginia Henderson's 14 activities that the patient should be able to perform independently or with the nurse providing the right conditions under which he can perform them: Eat and drink adequately. Move and maintain desirable postures. Select suitable clothes-dress and undress. Maintain body temperature within normal range by adjusting clothing and modifying the environment. Keep the body clean and well groomed and protect the integument.

Avoid dangers in the environment and avoid injuring others. Communicate with others in expressing emotions, needs, fears, or opinions. Worship according to one's faith. Work in such a way that there is a sense of accomplishment. Play or participate in various forms of recreation. Learn, discover, or satisfy the curiosity that leads to normal development and health and use the available health facilities.

  1. Building knowledge through ethics is based on one having a sense of responsibility, a moral code for his conduct and a sense of obligation Carper, 1978.
  2. Henderson's ways of knowing are clearly from nursing's well-known four ways of knowing. The 14 points of basic nursing care provide an outline on which the nurse educator can elaborate.
  3. Advanced Nursing Science, 10, 1-9.

Extra Material changed little after she wrote her classic The Nature of Nursing in 1966, but the small change was very significant. She even thought that this research should be done in cooperation with physicians Henderson, 1991.

She understood the person as a whole being with mind suffering when the body was sick Henderson, 1991. She is known for her 14 points of care that summarize a nurse's points to consider when giving patient care. She believed her 14 points were to be used to help evaluate how well nurses were achieving their goal of patient independence in each of the 14 areas.

She felt that some healthcare was worse than the disease it was trying to treat since it too often deprives the patient of that which he is accustomed p. She felt that a patient should have an individualized plan of care with constant evaluations and a goal for patient independence p. After learning about physiology and how the body works hard to maintain balance, Henderson 1991 writes.

I have believed that a definition of nursing should imply an appreciation of the principle of physiological balance" p. Expand your research by topic: