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Understanding of literature and poetry based on the war essay

There is no single way to do a close reading of a poem. The goal, however, is constant: Keep in mind that whenever you interpret a poem, it has to be backed up by reference to the poem itself. For a more extensive list, consult either of these sites: The title might not make much sense until you start to understand the poem. Does the title immediately influence what you are about to read, or does it, at the moment you begin your first reading, remain mysterious or vague?

After you understanding of literature and poetry based on the war essay thought about the poem, how do you think the title relates to it? Which words stand out, and why? Consider how words may carry more than one meaning. A dictionary is obviously useful, especially one based on historical principles, since it will point to how the meanings of words may have changed over time.

Words often gather or evolve in meaning when repeated. These often add up so that a clearer sense of the poem emerges.

Do you notice lots of material or immaterial things nouns or lots of action verbs? Is the poem concrete, about specific things and places, or is the poem more abstract, about concepts or ideas? Is the poem full of movement, or does it seem to stay still and look at one thing?

Do certain words seem to clash with each other, and what effect does this have? Think in terms of oppositions, tensions, conflicts, and binaries. Consider word choice, or diction: Is the word choice distinctive? How would you describe the level of language and vocabulary register: Is the tone serious, ironic, amorous, argumentative, distant, intimate, somber, abrupt, playful, cheerful, despondent, conversational, yearning, etc.

Focus on how the words are ordered. Look for patterns; in drawing attention to themselves, they require your attention: Is the word order or sentence structure syntax unusual in any way, and what is the effect of this?

Are there any noticeable patterns in the ordering of words? If so, how do the patterns contribute to meaning? Do the lines have strong end-stops, or do they break across lines enjamb?

Do the lines end with a final stress or rhyme?

Does each line tend to be a self-contained, grammatical unit, or does it vary? What effect does this have? Are there lots of long, complete sentences simple or complex? Does the poem stop and start, or does it move or flow continuously? What is the effect of this? Punctuation organizes and creates relationship between words, phrases, clauses, and sentences.

In poetry, where lines are often seen as units of meaning, the importance of punctuation is sometimes magnified, though often overlooked. Punctuation can create or reinforce rhythm. It can also control meaning or make meaning uncertain by its placement and usage, especially if it is used minimally, or in some cases, not at all. What role does punctuation have in the poem?

Does it follow accepted rules and conventions, or is it used in unusual ways? Related to word meaning is figurative language, which often plays a crucial role in both condensing language yet expanding meaning.

Most generally, figurative language refers to language that is not literal. Are certain words used in unusual, non-literal, non-standard, exaggerated, or metaphorical ways?

What effect do these figures of speech have? Which words or phrases are used literally they denote something literal and which are used figuratively they connote something figurative? The evening sky was dark; he looked up; he felt sick. The evening is spread out against the sky like a patient etherized upon a table.

Here we understanding of literature and poetry based on the war essay an evening a thingspreading an actiona patient thingetherizing an actionand a table thing.

How does non-literal or figurative language suggest a certain meaning? What mood or feeling is evoked via this figurative, non-literal language? What imagery, if any, is most striking, frequent, or patterned? What images seem related or connected to each other? What mood or atmosphere is created by the imagery? Which details stand out? What sense if any seems to dominate the poem: Sometimes they are obvious and direct, and sometimes they are subtle, indirect, and debatable.

Allusions are frequently references made to other texts for example, to the Bible, or to another poem. What allusions, if any, can you detect? What effect do the allusions have upon the poem? If it is a literary allusion, how does it relate to or connect with the original text? You probably first read a poem to yourself, silently, but most poems also create sense though sounds, unlike concrete poetry, which operates visually.

Try reading the poem aloud. What tone do these sounds create quiet, loud, sensual, aggressive, etc. Does the poem move differently at different places in the poem? Does a particular sound or sounds dominate the poem?

When it has regular rhythmical sound patterns, we say the poem has a certain meter.

When you count out scan the syllables of a line, do they follow a rhythm? Is there a name for it? If so, in what way or ways? Melody refers to sound effects, such as rhyme, alliteration, assonance, and consonance, with each producing a unique melodic effect.

Do words at the end of lines rhyme?

  • Nevertheless, Owen hoped that there would one day come a time, perhaps for future generations, when his poems could serve as a consolation, helping people who had learned their lesson to mourn the dead and get on with life;
  • Abrams defines "Modernism" as follows;
  • If so, how do the patterns contribute to meaning?
  • Is there more than one event in the poem?
  • A prominent feature of modernism is the phenomenon called the avant-garde a military metaphor:

Why kind of rhymes are they? Do they form a pattern a rhyme scheme that is regular or irregular? Do the rhyming words have any relationship with each other? Does the rhyme concentrate meaning in any way? Does the speaker seem attached or detached from what is said? Is it possible to figure out to whom the poem is addressed? Is there an ideal listener or reader?

  • Dissertation sur le mandat apparently j dissertation in international law maximo gorki la madre analysis essay photosynthesis research paper jamshedpur;
  • It is in this preface that Owen specified his beliefs as a war poet;
  • This line creates a picture of the sun getting stronger and shining on the soldiers who are cold and terrified;
  • Yeats was attracted to the spiritual and occult world and fashioned for himself an elaborate mythology to explain human experience;
  • They had to dig graves then bury their fellow soldiers.

Poems capture thoughts, ideas, feelings, impressions, experiences, and incidents, but sometimes poems also tell a story.

What is happening in the poem? What action, drama, or conflict is present? Is there more than one event in the poem? Does anything change in the poem is an action completed, does an attempted action fail, or does someone change in an important way?

Who tells the story, and what relationship does the narrator have to the story? What is the temporal structure of the poem? Does it take place in one time the present, the past, the future or does it move back and forth between times?

Wilfred Owen World Literature Analysis - Essay

Does it present single actions in time or continuing actions? Does it bring different times together or set them apart e.

Is there a particular occasion for the poem an incident, an event, a realization? Are different parts of the poem located in different times? Does time move smoothly? Are different states of being, or different ways of thinking, associated with different times? Is a sense of place clear urban, pastoral, forest, desert, beach, etc.

For some poems, a difficult but key question may be this: A symbol represents or stands for something other than the image itself. A river a thing can be symbol for life; Gomorrah a place can be a symbol of shameless sin; Homer Simpson a fictitious person can be a symbol of innocent stupidity; a strawberry a thing can be a symbol of sensual love.

Does the poem have any clear or central symbols?

Disabled and Exposure are poems written by Wilfred Owen during the First World War Essay

What meaning do they bring to the poem? This will include groupings or sets of lines, called stanzas. If the poem you are reading has a particular form or structure determined by genre, learn something about the conventions of that genre, since this can direct your attention to certain expectations of content.