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The purpose of this experiment 2 essay

The language used in a report is usually straightforward and to the point. The report's structure and organisation make it easy to identify the various parts, and to find specific items of information quite quickly.

Refer back to it regularly in ordering your material.

Learning outcomes

Are you doing what you are asked to do, or are you writing about what you want to write about? The function of such an introduction is to: Discussion How does your understanding compare with ours?

Potentially the introduction to an essay can: It may not do all of these things. A fuller introduction, which may be preferable if you are still developing confidence in your writing, could include any or all of the following points: Look back at Section 1. It is longer than the introduction that will be required for one of your assignments: But does it fulfil any of the above criteria?

We have certainly outlined our aims and objectives; we have indicated the limits to the course — our writing assignment; but we haven't provided much background information or context. At what stage should the introduction to an assignment be written? Activity 19 A group of students attending a writing workshop were asked to identify the first task in preparing an assignment.

Do you agree that writing the introduction should be your first priority when working on your first draft? If you disagree, why? What are the advantages and disadvantages of beginning your first draft with the introduction? Discussion People vary in whether they prefer to write the introduction at an early stage or when they have almost completed your assignment. Here is a list of the pros and cons of beginning the first draft with the introduction.

Essay and report writing skills

Advantages Disadvantages It gets over the barrier of being faced with a blank piece of paper. The main body of the assignment is far more important and needs to be given your full attention. It clarifies the approach you are adopting in answering the question. The introduction may constrain what you subsequently want to write; once you begin the more detailed drafting, you might find that it takes off in a different direction. Having set out your approach, it is easier to check that you are adhering to it.

It can help stimulate your thoughts or imagination. Is this how you feel? Though an the purpose of this experiment 2 essay is an exploration of a topic, it requires a sense of direction, of building a case or argument in a logical manner.

Activity 20 Imagine you need to ask your tutor for an extension to the cut-off date for an assignment. You need to persuade him or her that you have a good case. In practice, of course, you would not be under so much pressure to explain.

We have chosen this as an example because the situation may be familiar to you. What might a good case be? Discussion If you were the tutor, would you consider all of these to be good reasons for the request?

Would you agree that some reasons are stronger than others? Maybe those students whose circumstances have changed unexpectedly have a better case than others who could have foreseen problems and should have been able to plan around their difficulties. Maybe you would look less favourably on b because you would feel that the student need not have got him or herself into that situation and in any case has got his or her priorities wrong. But look at c and e again. On the face of it, these reasons may not be as strong as, say, d but if you were to enquire further with your student, you might discover there were other things underlying the lack of time and concentration.

Perhaps the student with reason c is caring for an elderly relative for whom respite care had fallen through.

  • Based on the recent reports on prison riots in both Detroit and California, it seems highly unlikely that a posse of hardened criminals will intentionally help their captors at the risk of inciting future revenge from other inmates;
  • The following are qualities of a well-crafted thesis statement:

Maybe the student with reason e is depressed and on medication. These two students would both have a good case but have not presented it very well. Even the student with reason b may have an acceptable explanation for the sudden influx of visitors.

What lies behind the suddenness? What extra demands did this place on the student? The more questions that are asked, the stronger the case could become. There is another aspect here. How do you know that what these students are telling you is true? What pieces of evidence help to verify their reasons? What status would you accord a medical certificate or a statement from the student's employer? In summary When drafting your next assignment, ask yourself: Making your argument usually occurs in the main body of the assignment, whether it is an essay or a report.

This is where you outline your point of view while demonstrating awareness of other perspectives or interpretations. To be convincing, you need to show your reasoning as to why you favour a particular perspective, the purpose of this experiment 2 essay to provide supporting evidence.

Paragraphs You will recall from the planning activities, how important it is to group your ideas together. Once you have the purpose of this experiment 2 essay the drafting stage, these groups of ideas should be subdivided into paragraphs. Use of quotations Throughout this course, we have recommended that wherever possible you try to put things into your own words.

But you may not be familiar with this practice if you come from a different educational or cultural background. One of the purposes of writing assignments is to reach your own understanding of the issues and to show your tutor that you have done so. This is most effectively done by using your own words.

However, there are occasions when it may be best to quote directly from your course materials: Including appropriate quotations, extracts or evidence is often a good way to add weight and authority to your arguments. Using quotations is not the same as plagiarism. Plagiarism is borrowing too heavily from someone else's work and failing to acknowledge the debt, giving the impression that you are passing their work off as your own.

Quotations should not be too long; a couple of lines is normally sufficient. Remember to acknowledge quotations by providing references.

Thesis Statements

We are reluctant to be too specific here because practices do vary from academic discipline to discipline and from course to course. Once again, refer to any guidance notes you' been given. These may provide an indication of what style of presentation is preferred or required. One guide is to see how quotations are handled in your course materials.

Whereas references serve as an acknowledgement of someone else's words, a bibliography allows the reader in this case your tutor to identify in detail the source of your quotations and even ideas.

Every assignment should contain a list of sources at the end even if it is only your current course unit or TV programme. There are many ways of presenting a bibliography.

  • You can make a note to yourself for next time;
  • While in conversation, you probably described the major highlights, or the main points in just a few sentences, using your own vocabulary and manner of speaking.

Look at the way it is done for your course. Here is an example of one way of acknowledging a quotation a and its bibliographical reference b: The conclusion should summarise the content of the main body of your assignment clearly and concisely.

A final reference to the assignment title is often useful, emphasising to your tutor that you have indeed answered the question.

Your concluding paragraph should not include anything new, though it may suggest what needs to be considered in the purpose of this experiment 2 essay future. It should emphasise the key elements of your argument. When you have worked through this course, you might like to consider its conclusion in the light of these statements.

Are we successful in following our own advice? Once you have reached this stage, you have nearly finished. What does polishing mean, and what does it involve? Imagine polishing a car or a piece of furniture. Why might you do so? Usually, to make it look better, to present it in the best possible light, either for your own pleasure, or to impress others — perhaps because you want to sell it.

If it is an object that you value, it is worth making it look its very best: How effective your polishing is usually depends on the time and energy you devote to the task.

  • Using quotations is not the same as plagiarism;
  • Besides focus, content is an essential part if your essay;
  • For now, identifying these purposes by reading paragraphs will prepare you to write individual paragraphs and to build longer assignments;
  • These may provide an indication of what style of presentation is preferred or required;
  • There are many groups within society that experience discrimination and oppression but for the purpose of this essay older people will be used as an example of.

Activity 21 How would you interpret the analogy to polishing cars and furniture in the opening paragraph of this section? Discussion We hope you spotted that it referred to assignments.

Your tutor's initial reaction on opening your assignment will probably be very much related to the amount of polishing that you have been able to do. Most guidance notes given to students include these points, but they are not always followed. Positive indicators It is word-processed or clearly and neatly hand-written. The assignment is written on paper that has been torn out of an exercise book. There are wide margins on either side of the script to allow for tutor comments.

The writing or word processing fills the whole page, with no margins and no spaces between lines or paragraphs. The title appears at the top of the first page. There is no title. There are few, if any, spelling mistakes.