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The equal pay act of 1963 essay

Equal pay in the Work Place In 1963, President Kennedy signed the Equal Pay Act into law, making it unlawful to discriminate against a worker on the basis of sex.

Essay: Equal pay in the Work Place

Since that time, the wage gap between men and women in the United States has narrowed by just 15 cents, now being 74 cents, as reported by the U. Traditionally, women have worked in different occupations than men; these occupations tend to be substantially different, pay less and confer less authority.

Essay on equal pay act

Equity means fairness and justice. Pay equity programs throughout the world attempt to legislate and regulate the elimination of systemic gender-based wage discrimination and to ensure ongoing systems that will maintain equitable wage relationships over time.

  1. If discrimination persists, you have the right to file a complaint with the local or state fair employment agencies or with the U.
  2. Women and people of color should not be in fear of asking how much someone else is making or to question, why they arent making a certain amount, when their co-worker is making it. It is a means of eliminating sex and race discrimination in the wage-setting system.
  3. Pay discrimination based on gender or race is against the law.
  4. Critics also point out that women or minorities come to the market with productivity shortfalls. Currently the national average wage gap is 27 cents, 37 cents for African-American women, and 47 cents for Hispanic women.
  5. Critics also point out that women or minorities come to the market with productivity shortfalls. Thats not a solution popular with employers, but it may be necessary.

Pay equity programs attempt to address the undervaluation for work traditionally or historically done by women. A variety of very different jobs are compared based on a composite of the skill, effort and responsibility of a job and the conditions under which the job is generally done.

Where female-dominated jobs in the workplace are found to be of equal or comparable value to male-dominated jobs but paid below the level of the male jobs or payline, then all employees in those female-dominated jobs are entitled to receive pay equity adjustments.

The Equal Pay Act requires equal pay for equal work.

But how are these adjustments to be determined in a workplace that already subjectively undervalues the effort and contribution of women and minorities? Over the past decade, under-recognition of jobs and skills attributed to women, their lower human capital attributes and a historical concentration in a culturally-confined range of jobs combined with direct discrimination has produced continuing inequities in pay.

  1. If companies do not have internal self exams then they can get it in the form of guidelines for an equal pay self-audit available from the U.
  2. Read this essay on Equal. In 1963, President Kennedy signed the Equal Pay.
  3. Clintons wage gap plan may boost Gore. Equal Pay The Equal Pay Act of 1963, which prohibits unequal pay or substantially equal work performed by men and women.
  4. Pay equity is a benefit for everyone.
  5. Two laws protect workers against wage discrimination. A fourth way to close the pay gap is through new legislation spelling out equal pay requirements.

It is doubted by those concerned with this issue throughout the world that anti-discrimination and equal opportunity laws relying on the successful legal action of individuals seeking redress cannot address systemic problems due to the undervaluation of feminized work. Equality means equivalent, or equal in value, measures force, significance, etc. But Pincus and Shaw argue that this economic argument disregards the historical and cultural bases for the differential.

Many studies show that predominately female jobs pay less, on average, than predominantly male jobs.

  • Stronger legislation is needed to ease the burden of filing claims and clarify the right to pay equity;
  • Federal law prohibits reducing pay for any employee to remedy discrimination, so the white mens wages would not be reduced if pay equity were implemented.

Studies done in North Carolina showed that the higher percentage of female workers in an occupation had a negative impact on total pay. Many employers attempt to achieve internal pay policies by standardizing pay ranges for a given position.

The Equal Pay Act: Equal Pay for Women

Influencing factors may include firm size, profitability, growth and market share; however, most companies want to set compensation at whatever level they feel necessary to obtain the highest efforts and results from their employees.

Some of these factors can be subjective and lead, not only to defacto discrimination, but employee dissatisfaction in general, as they compare job responsibilities and relative productivity between the people on site.

Currently, in all methods of job evaluation, it is the requirements of the job itself that are evaluated, not individual performance, and equity is not the goal. Advocates of pay equity want to legislate that gender composition of jobs not affect the resultant pay.

Example research essay topic: Equal Pay Act Affirmative Action Programs - 1,792 words

Systems could be set up to establish rating scales on the basis of job evaluations where it is the requirements of the job and not the performance of a given individual within the job that are determinant factors in compensation. This could include educational factors, how much time are spent on different tasks and the sphere of responsibility incumbent upon the employee. Current plans most commonly use skill, effort responsibility and working conditions as factors.

Critics of pay equity argue it could never achieve its goal, and even if it did, it would have the undesirable side effects of the misemployment of women and hurt the economy of the enforcing government. Critics also point out that women or minorities come to the market with productivity shortfalls.

Equal Pay Act of 1963 & Cases Essay

Conclusions of research done by Neumark in 1999 are that minority workers are paid lower starting wages, which are thought to reflect discriminations based on taste and lower expectations. Will the wage gap ever be solved for good? It is expected that with all the momentum from legislative efforts, individual lawsuits, and well-intentioned proponents, hopes are high that the pay gap will be long gone by mid-century.