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Physician assisted suicide an ethical dilemma essay

Hire Writer I believe as some relativist due, that as long as the patient is fully capable of making this decision and the patient is in a constant state of agony, then the patient has the right to make the choice to live or die.

  1. The case for euthanasia rests on one main fundamental moral principle. I am among the lucky 30 percent who survive the disease.
  2. Significantly, pain and other symptoms do not top the list.
  3. For that matter, why should someone have to be terminally ill?
  4. There are always value conflicts when it comes to euthanasia, which can be demonstrated by examining utilitarianism and rights.
  5. Many doctors and nurses struggle with their feeling on patient assisted death because their morals and ethical views tell them it is wrong to assist a patient in death but they have great sympathy seeing their patients in pain and they want to help.

A relativist believes that morals are only relative to that particular society and if physician assisted death was considered moral in that group then it would be considered a moral act. Neither theory is without flaws as some deontologist even share my point of view and some relativist can be very extreme in what they feel is relative to being morally right or wrong. The bottom line is that people will probably never completely agree on this subject. Physician assisted death is the more politically and ethical term versus physician assisted suicide.

There is also a difference that should be made known between euthanasia and PAD. In physician assisted death the doctor physician assisted suicide an ethical dilemma essay a prescription for a pill that the patient oluntarily administers themselves that will end their own life. Physician assisted death is now legal in two states, where Organ passed the law in 1994 and Washington state passed the law in 2008. If a physician even provides information to the patient that would facilitate their death the doctor can face criminal charges and lose their medical license.

Many people are familiar with the radical doctor Dr. Jack Kevorkian who used the method of euthanasia. Kevorkian is responsible for euthanatizing over 130 people some of which were either clinically depressed or terminally ill.

First, what exactly do we mean by the term physician-assisted suicide?

Kevorkian created a huge debate across the United States that gave rise to many questions such as to the legality of the constitutional laws and ethical perspectives. If everyone had the perspective of relativists, then the laws would vary from city to city. For example, every other city could be for physician assisted death or against it creating a checkered board effect of laws that very from city to city.

Analysis of an Ethical Dilemma Essay

This because the relativist believes that morals are only relative to what the society believes. However, with medical advancement came the ability to prolong life and at times keeping patients alive beyond what I feel God has called them to live. There is a moral dilemma that is taken place where doctors are making billions of dollars by providing long term health care to patients beyond what nature has called for.

This brings up the question of what is happiness and considered quality of life. I believe the deontologist perspective takes away a human beings right to choose how a person wants to live. For example, if a woman was pregnant and the baby was going to cause the death of the mother then they may believe it is acceptable to terminate the pregnancy to sustain the life of the mother.

Is Physician-Assisted Suicide Ethical?

The relativist would state if the society believes it is moral to condone patient assisted suicide then for the society it is morally correct. Mosser, K 2010 Those that argue against physician assisted death will argue it is our duty to protect and preserve all life. People will argue their points of views using logic, reasoning and provide supporting evidence.

However, in the case of ethical debates there often is not any evidence to support a claim on either side of the issue. Consequently, as much as people will try to argue their point of view with reasoning and logic their emotions can get in the way and make it difficult to persuade the other person. Many times the family is involved in the case of physician assisted death and each family member may have different ethical beliefs then the patient. This can make the decision even more painful as we taken into consideration the effects our decisions Ethical Perspective on Physician Assisted Death have on other people.

Philosophers attempt to explain how people will argue their point of view by providing different ethical theories as with relativism and deontology. The deontologist believes that it is our moral duty to protect and preserve life and that physician assisted suicide is an immoral act.

Rather than looking at the consequences of an act, deontology looks at the reason for which an act is done, and the rule according to which one choose to act. The terminally ill patient not only wants to live with having their quality of life and having dignity but they also want to die with dignity. The terminally ill patient has few options such as suicide or living in extreme pain.

Some patients are too ill to even get out of bed to be able to commit suicide. Terminally ill patients that are suffering should not be made to feel demoralized for wanting to end their suffering.

  1. In the US, Oregon and Washington also legalized euthanasia.
  2. They must have the mental capacity to know what they are doing and what the consequences are.
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  4. They are in key positions to provide valuable care to the patient and family.
  5. What do you say to people who fear being kept alive when they are terminally ill?

If the patient has paid into a life insurance fund all their life the company mostly likely will not pay their loved ones death benefits if they commit such an act. The problem is patient assisted death is not recognized as a medically necessary procedure.

There is also a great stigma that comes along with committing suicide that the families have to live with after their loved one has died. I belief in the individual autonomy Ethical Perspective on Physician Assisted Death Many family members feel disgraced that physician assisted suicide an ethical dilemma essay loved one acted against their religious beliefs.

Sulmasy 2001 Family members can find themselves in court fighting again other members of their family to keep their loved ones alive. Going to court can be an emotionally painful process and doing so puts the patient through more emotional agony. Many families will break apartment because their ethical views differ so greatly. Roman Catholic Church has been the one biggest contesters of physician assisted death.

Ethical arguments are based on beliefs systems that are learned through culture and religion therefore are only relative to that person or society. Under the law of relativism any belief system relevant to that person would be considered ethical even murdering someone. Many doctors and nurses struggle with their feeling on patient assisted death because their morals and ethical views tell them it is wrong to assist a patient in death but they have great sympathy seeing their patients in pain and they want to help.

Also, doctors take the Hippocratic Oath which states that doctors will never harm their patients but I argue the facts that prolonging death is harming the patient and takes away their constitutional right to choose death.

Physician Assisted Suicide: An Ethical Dilemma

The constitutional represents the Liberty Due process clause that says it is a fundamental right for terminally ill patients to die with dignity by the assistance of a medical professional. Lawyers have argued the fourteenth amendment which allows a doctor to remove life support as the last dying will and testament of the patient yet a physician cannot medically assist a patient in ending the life of a terminally ill person who is verbally requesting it. Howard Ball 2012 Ethical Perspective on Physician Assisted Death Moral and ethical debates spark heated debates and cause controversial issues and never seem to end with everyone agreeing.

These ethical and moral debates are complex and involve opinions persuaded by religion or customs nd have legal implications that must be consider. Physician assisted death a very complex and controversial issues that all people will never agree on.

It seems that both theories have their flaws.

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The relativist can be too extreme in their view points because anything can be considered moral if the society feels it is relative. The deontologist would ignore the right of the patients even if they were suffering to conform to their obligations and moral duties.

I am partial to believing that the patient has a right to choose if they want to live or die under certain circumstances. I believe that morals and ethics are not built on one theory alone but on many parts of theories that consist of logic and reasoning. People will continue to understand the different ethical theories that explain why certain societies believe the way they do.

Some people may take the position of a deontologist who would argue that it is our moral duty to support and sustain life therefore assisted suicide should not be allowed. Unfortunately, this very emotional debate has many dynamics, as most ethical arguments do.

In the situation of physician assisted death I disagree with the deontologist point of view and feel it is immoral to take away a patients right to end their own suffering.

I believe to a certain extent as some relativist believe, that as long as the patient is fully capable of making Ethical Perspective on Physician Assisted Death this decision and the patient is in a constant state of agony, then the patient has the right to make the choice to live or die. The relativist believes that morals are only relative to that particular society and if physician assisted death was considered moral in that group then it would be considered a moral act.

Each theory has flaws.

Ethical Perspective on Assisted Suicide Essay

Some deontologist share my point of view and some relativist can be very extreme in what they feel is relative to being morally right or wrong. The bottom line is people will probably never completely agree on this subject. As our society evolves and continues to become more liberal in their ethical views on controversial topics such as gay marriage, abortion and personal liberties more states will continue to pass laws support physician assisted death.

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