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Human rights in pakistan essay with outline

Human are the rights, which accrue to human being by virtue of what he is. Human rights are the standards of permitted and forbidden actions in a society which are consonant consistent with justice, goodness, or reason. The western tradition traces the roots of the concept of human rights to the late eighteenth century in the United States and Europe, particularly France.

People were living without rights in state of nature. The basic purpose of the state is to defend the rights of the citizens. Welfare and democrat state can establish the rights of the people with any discrimination. Human rights do not, of course, negate the sovereignty of states.

Universal Declaration of Human Rights 26th December 1948. The present edifice building, conceptual structure of the international human rights system rests on the foundation of Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Whether the situation of human rights in Pakistan has improved or deteriorated in the last couple of years? Demands of Human Rights in a civilized society. Free access to justice.

Equal distribution of state sources among the individuals.

Alleviate the discrimination on the basis of cast, creed, religion, colour, etc. Safe guard of fundamental rights.

Life, Food, Shelter, Self-respect, Freedom of expression etc. Islam and Human Rights. Child labour, violation of women rights i. How human rights can be protected a.

A fair and independent judicial system. By creating awareness among the people about their rights. Rights of the communities must be looked after. The present age is described as the "age of rights" and human rights as the "only political-moral idea that has received universal acceptance. Founded on the Universal Declaration of Human Rights UDHRwhich Henry Steiner has described as the "spiritual parents of other human rights treaties, human rights law is now an indispensable part of the international landscape.

The holy Quran and Sunnah lay a great stress on the maintenance of human rights and make it essential obligation for an Islamic government to maintain the system of justice in the society.

A fair, just and independent judicial system is the only safeguard of the citizens from tyranny and cruelty on the part of the state machinery or powerful sect of the state. The doctrine of might is right is an outdated concept and has no place in welfare state as the power of state is standing behind every one to protect him from any kind of aggression of any one.

Human rights do not, of course, negate the sovereignty of states, although they constrain it in important ways. International law does not replace national law; rather, international law instructs sovereign states on internationally accepted human rights and, for the most part, leaves it to states to implement those norms domestically.

However, for such an important development, there is a fair degree of ambiguity about the definition or concept of human rights. It means different things to different people.

Human Rights In Pakistan Essay

The Basis of Human Rights: Essentially, human human rights in pakistan essay with outline are about justice. Human rights are also about humans, both in the individual and the collective sense. These are standards of permitted and forbidden actions in a society which are consonant with justice, goodness, or reason.

Such standards are morally or socially correct and held to be justifiably claimed by any person. The western tradition traces the roots of the concept of human rights to the late eighteenth century developments in the United States and Europe, particularly France. The French revolution resoundingly unmistakably; emphatically proclaimed the slogans of liberty, equality and fraternity brotherhood in the declaration of the rights of the citizen and man.

The constitution of the newly founded United States of America echoed the same sentiments. The subsequent period was marked by tremendous progress, human and material, in Europe and North America. The populations became enfranchised. Barriers between sexes were gradually dismantled demolish though genuine equality is still a far way off.

The Second World War sowed the seed for the present shapes of the international human rights movements. It is briefe document and if examined objectively not a very impressive one. However, over the years it has the bedrock of the international human rights regime.

The reason is that it has been owned by nations across the world and can be said to represent the aspirations of all peoples of the world. Almost every nation of the world has adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights signifies for human respect and dignity. This declaration lays stress on every government of the world to create a society free of human sufferings, deprivations and miseries by envisaging the policies which may eliminate injustice, poverty from the society.

According to the declaration, every government must establish rule of law and guarantees fundamental rights to all the citizens. This declaration speaks loudly about the common standards of freedom of speech, liberty, life, respect, nationality, right of equal pay for equal work for everyone, equality before law, etc for every one in the world without any discrimination of cast, creed, colour, religion etc.

The Condition of Human Rights in the World: The world is divided into two kinds of human beings i. It is African agriculture that is in crisis, and according to the International Food Policy Research Institute, has left 200 million people malnourished.

The Human Rights Situation in Pakistan: The human rights situation in Pakistan, if the reports international and domestic human rights NGOs, the international and domestic press, and the documentation of the UN human rights mechanism are to be believed, is extremely serious.

All human rights are alleged claimed to be violated in Pakistan with impunity without having to suffer the normal injurious consequences of an action. Here it is pertinent to point out that a crime committed by one citizen against another, strictly speaking, is not a human rights violation. A true human rights violation is one in which the rights of the citizens are violated by the state or the agents of the state or by persons commissioned by the agents of the state.

Depending on how one sees the issues; the biggest human rights violation in Pakistan are the denial by the state of the rights of citizens of the country to education, food, housing and health fecilities.

On the civil and political front, Pakistan is particulalrly vulnerable on rights of minorities, the rights of women, the rights of children, independence of judiciary, arbitrary detention, extra-judicial and summary execution, torture and custodial deaths. Following few instances would support this claim. About 30,000 women die every year in Pakistan due to complications in delivery and thousands of others develop life-long disability because of pregnancy-related problems.

About 25 per cent children were born with low birth weight due to maternal problems and 10 per cent of children do not reach their first birthday. Malnutrition is a major public health problem in Pakistan that disproportionately affects women and girls. Article 39 of the Constitution guaranteed provision of healthcare to all the citizens without any discrimination. Until July 2000, Pakistan was also one of the six countries in the world to allow execution of children.

The Last Sermon of the Holy Prophet: The last sermon of the holy prophet PBUH is undoubtedly the first and foremost declaration of human rights, given to mankind 1400 years ago. Khutba Hajja-tul-Wida is one of the most important occasions in the history human rights in pakistan essay with outline Islam. The holy prophet clearly negated all kinds of human discriminations on the basis of cast, creed, tribe etc.

There is no superiority for an Arab over a non-Arab, nor for the white over the black nor for the black over the white except in God-consciousness. In pursuance of the last sermon of the holy prophet PBUH and in accordance with the constitution of Pakistan and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the government stands committed to the promotion and protection of human rights.

It would be relevant to consider the question whether the situation of human rights in Pakistan has improved or deteriorated in the last couple of years.

We can say with a reasonable degree that situation has become marginally better. Some of the positive developments are as under: The promulgation of the Juvenile Justice System Ordinance 2000.

The resurrection a revival after disuse, inactivity of reserved seats for women in the provincial and federal legislatures. The abolition of the system of separate electorates for the minorities. The reservation of seats for minorities in the provincial and federal legislatures. The relatively free state of the press. The proactive of a person, policy, etc. The manner in which Chief Justice of Pakistan taken not of the Meerwala incident is the single most important development in the human rights field in Pakistan.

Establishment of Human rights development ministries and departments both at provincial as well as National level. The provisions in the chapter on fundamental rights are inadequate. Some of the FRs could not be enforced for the lack of laws and procedures required for their implementation. For example, there was no law to enforce the right human rights in pakistan essay with outline the protection against forced labour until the Bonded Labour Abolition Actof 1991.

Human rights in pakistan essay with outline

Rights Protection Methods However, the question still remains as to how the Pakistani society should rid itself of the endemic human rights violation. There are no shortcuts. Many countries have now realized those all-positive governmental actions have a significant human rights content. For instance, free and compulsory primary education policies cater to deal with the right of education. Various methods to advance and protect human rights are available: During state of war: During violent conflict, to protect refugees and war victims from any surrounding violence in their communities can sometimes help to safeguard human lives.

Lecture on H R should be included in the Syllabus: Education about human rights must become part of general public education.

  1. The Second World War sowed the seed for the present shapes of the international human rights movements. For instance, free and compulsory primary education policies cater to deal with the right of education.
  2. There are also a lot of issues in the Middle East that we should be worried about, but the human rights violations in Syria are more important because they Human Rights Violation in Syria 739 words - 3 pages Introduction Human rights are fundamental rights and freedoms that all people are entitled to regardless of nationality, sex, national or ethnic origin, religion, language, or other status. Amnesty International is working at international level 2.
  3. A fair, just and independent judicial system is the only safeguard of the citizens from tyranny and cruelty on the part of the state machinery or powerful sect of the state.

Technical and financial assistance should be provided to increase knowledge about human rights. Member of Police and Army should be trained on H R. Members of the police and security forces have to be trained to ensure the observation of human rights standards for law enforcement. Research institutes and universities should be strengthened to train lawyers and judges.