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History of agriculture in modern science essay

Select Page Agriculture Essay Agriculture is known to be one of the most significant economic activities. It involves the production of plants, livestock, fiber, fuel and more by utilizing natural resources such as water and land. The term agriculture is broader than it is commonly anticipated to be.

New Ways of Farming

It includes forestry, fishery, livestock and most importantly crop production. Long and Short Essay on Agriculture in English Here are essays on agriculture of varying lengths to help you with the topic in the exam. You can select any agriculture essay as per your need and interest: Agriculture Essay 1 history of agriculture in modern science essay words Introduction Agriculture is basically the cultivation of plants for the production of food, fuel, fiber, medicines and many other things that have become a necessity for the mankind.

Agriculture also involves the breeding of animals. The development of agriculture turned to be a boon for the human civilization as it also gave way to their development. Agriculture is said to be an art, science and commerce all at the same time as it suffices the factors involved in all three.

Art It is said to be an art as it involves the growth, development and management of crop and animal husbandry.

It requires patience and dedication to yield good results in this field and only someone who possesses this art can achieve it. Science The knowledge of breeding and genetics is employed to come up with new improved methods of agriculture. Several inventions and explorations are being made in the field.

It is ever evolving and thus qualifies as science. Commerce Agriculture supports the economy like no other sector and thus undoubtedly falls in this category too. It is not just known to be a source of livelihood in India but a way of life. Agriculture Essay 2 300 words The term agriculture comes from the Latin word ager which means field and cultura that means cultivation.

Agriculture basically involves the cultivation and production of crops and livestock products. History of Agriculture The history of agriculture dates back several centuries. It began in different parts of the world independently about 105,000 years back mostly by the collection of wild grains for the purpose of eating.

  1. The new variety grew ears that were better than either of its "parents.
  2. Agriculture has thus impacted the soil and water resources negatively and this has had a major impact on the environment.
  3. Many forests are cut to turn them into fields to cultivate crops.

Here is how different countries were involved in this activity: In Mesopotamia, pigs were domesticated around 15,000 years ago. They began domesticating sheep around 2000 years later. In China, rice was cultivated around 13,500 years ago. They eventually began cultivating soy, azuki beans and mung.

In Turkey, cattle were domesticated around 10,500 years ago. Beans, potato, coca, llamas and alpacas were domesticated around 10,000 years ago. Sugarcane and certain root vegetables were cultivated in New Guinea around 9,000 years ago. Cotton was domesticated in Peru around 5,600 years ago.

Similarly, the domestication of various plants and animals is being done in many other parts of the country since thousands of years. Impact of Modern Technology on Agriculture The development in the field of science and technology led to the use of modern techniques in agriculture.

While it has contributed a great deal to the development of the agriculture sector, the modern technology has also had certain negative repercussions on the sector.

Long and Short Essay on Agriculture in English

Here is the kind of impact it has had: The use of fertilizers and pesticides as well as the use of technologically advanced equipments for the cultivation of crops has increased the yields drastically however it has also been the cause of ecological damage and impacted the human health negatively.

Selective breeding and the use of other modern practices in the rearing of animals has increased the supply of meat however it has raised the concern about animal welfare. Conclusion Like every other sector, the agricultural sector has also evolved over the centuries and its development has brought about certain positive and negative repercussions to the society.

  • Under this type of farming, the farmers grow grains for themselves as well as for the purpose of sale;
  • They also learned about hybrid seed that boosted crop production, and soybeans that became a major crop addition;
  • However, we still have a long way to go and the government is making efforts in this direction;
  • It focuses on the use of machinery to grow and raise crops.

Agriculture Essay 3 400 words Introduction Agriculture is a vast subject. It encompasses the production of crops, animal husbandry, soil science, horticulture, dairy science, extension education, entomology, agriculture chemistry, agri engineering, agri economics, plant pathology and botany. These subjects are taught in various universities across the world to train people in the field.

Different Kinds of Farming Here is a look at how the agricultural field has broadly been categorized in our country: Subsistence Farming One of the most widely practiced technique of farming in India. Under this type of farming, the farmers history of agriculture in modern science essay grains for themselves as well as for the purpose of sale. Commercial Agriculture This type of agriculture focuses on high yield with the aim to export it to other countries to generate profit.

Some of the commonly grown commercial crops in the country include cotton, wheat and sugarcane. Shifting Agriculture This type of farming is majorly practiced by tribal groups to grow root crops. They mostly clear the forested area and grow crops there. Extensive Agriculture This is more common in the developed countries. However, it is also practiced in certain parts of India.

It focuses on the use of machinery to grow and raise crops. Intensive Agriculture This is a common practice in densely populated areas of the country. It is focused on generating maximizing output of the land by employing different techniques. A good amount of investment in terms of money and huge labour force is required for this.

Plantation Agriculture This type of agriculture involves the cultivation of crops that require a good amount of time and space for growing.

The Science and Technology of Agriculture

Some of these crops include tea, rubber, coffee, cocoa, coconut, fruits and spices. This is mostly practiced in the states of Assam, Karnataka, Maharashtra and Kerala. Wet Land Farming The areas that receive heavy rainfall are well irrigated and these are apt for the farming of crops such as jute, rice and sugarcane. Dry Land Farming It is practiced in desert-like areas such as the central and northwest India.

  • Today nearly all corn planted in the United States and much of the rest of the world is some hybrid variety;
  • The formal program of instruction began at Ames in 1869, and the college eventually developed into a nationally recognized leader in scientific agricultural advancement;
  • Search The Science and Technology of Agriculture Throughout history, scientific and technological advances have greatly impacted the agriculture industry;
  • Some of the crops grown in such areas are bajra, jowar and gram;
  • It is ever evolving and thus qualifies as science.

Some of the crops grown in such areas are bajra, jowar and gram. This is because these crops require less water for growth. Conclusion With the advancement in technology, agriculture has come a long history of agriculture in modern science essay.

It is not limited to just growing crops and rearing of cattle. It includes a whole lot of other subjects and someone who is interested in getting into the agricultural field can choose to specialize in one. Agriculture Essay 4 500 words Introduction Agriculture basically involves the cultivation of crops and the domestication of animals for the purpose of generating food and other things necessary for the mankind. Significance of Agriculture Here is a look at the significance of agriculture: Major Source of Food It goes without saying that the food we eat is a gift of the agricultural activities that take place in the country.

The country has seen times of acute food shortage before independence however the problem was resolved with the advent of the green revolution in agriculture in the year 1969.

Development of the Industrial Sector Agriculture plays a major role in the development of the industrial sector by providing the raw material. Industries such as the cotton textiles, sugar, jute, oil, rubber and tobacco are majorly dependent on the agricultural sector.

Essay On Modern Science

Employment Opportunities The agricultural sector offers numerous employment opportunities as a large labour force is required for the smooth functioning of various agricultural activities.

It does not only open a vast arena of direct employment opportunities but indirect as well. For instance, the agricultural products need to be transported from one place to another and hence it supports the transport sector. Boost in History of agriculture in modern science essay Trade Foreign trade relies majorly on the agricultural sector. India is an exporter of tea, tobacco, cotton textiles, jute products, sugar, spices and many other agricultural products.

Generation of Government Revenue Excise duty on agro-based goods, land revenue and taxes on the sale of agricultural machinery make for a good source of government revenue. Formation of Capital The surplus income generated from agricultural activities can very well be invested in banks for capital formation.

A hazardous Industry While agricultural sector is of great importance to the country, we cannot deny the fact that is a hazardous industry. Farmers across the globe have a high risk of work related injuries.

One of the common causes of agricultural injuries is tractor rollovers and other motor and machinery related accidents. Due to the nature of their job they are also prone to skin diseases, lung infections, noise-induced hearing problems, sun strokes as well as certain types of cancers.

Those exposed to pesticides may have serious illnesses and might even have kids with birth defects. Conclusion However, that said, agriculture does play a significant part in the development of the human civilization as a whole. Agriculture Essay 5 600 words Introduction Agriculture is one sector that has been in place since thousands of years. It has developed over the years with the use of new equipments and techniques of farming and domestication.

  • Some of the changes that have occurred as a result of scientific advances have been good for Iowa; some have caused problems for Iowans;
  • They eventually began cultivating soy, azuki beans and mung;
  • Early farmers improved their crop production by inventing the first hoes;
  • Neighboring tribes exchanged ideas with one another and with new settlers;
  • However, things changed with time;
  • It is not just known to be a source of livelihood in India but a way of life.

This is one sector that has not only seen immense growth but has also been the reason for growth of various other sectors. The Growth and Development of Agricultural Sector India is one such country which is largely dependent on the agricultural sector.

Agriculture in India is not just a means of livelihood but a way of life. The government is continually making efforts to develop this sector. Let us learn how this sector has evolved with time.

Though agriculture is being practiced since centuries in India, it remained under developed for a pretty long time. We were unable to produce sufficient food for our people and foreign export was simply out of question.

Agriculture Essay

On the contrary, we had to purchase food grains from other countries. This was because agriculture in India depended on the monsoon. However, things changed with time. After independence, the government planned to bring about improvement in this sector. Dams were constructed, tube-wells and pump-sets were set up, better quality seeds, fertilizers were made available and new techniques were employed. With the use of technologically advanced equipment, good irrigation facilities and with specialized knowledge about the field things began improving.

We soon started producing much more than we required and subsequently started exporting food grains and different agricultural products. Our agricultural sector is now stronger than that of many countries.