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Grandparent raising their grandchildren and the social implication essay

This article discusses the development of well-being in children raised by grandparents in the U. The paper concludes with some suggestions to the grandparents on how to help grandchildren achieve better development in their well-being.

Tweet Studies on the development of well-being in children raised by grandparents in the United States U. In terms of gender, grandmothers reported that boys tended to present significantly more difficulties than girls apart from emotional symptoms. Approximately six percent of U. About a quarter of the grandparents raising grandchildren have disabilities U.

The Art of Grandparenting

Grandparent Variables There are two types of grandparents' households: Multigenerational households include the grandparents, adult children, and grandchildren. Skipped-generation or custodial grandparent households are made up of grandparents and grandchildren only. There are "four Ds" for why many children are being raised by their grandparents: In addition, grandparents often assume the role of parents to keep children within the family, save them from further harm, and keep them out of the foster care system Hayslip, 2013.

Research revealed that the well-being of children living in grandparent-headed households is better than the alternative arrangement Kelch-Oliver, 2011. Similarly, children who live in grandparent households, after being placed there by social services, do better than those who are placed in the regular foster care system Kelch-Oliver, 2011. The following section explains the problems faced by grandchildren's well-being in terms of psychological, social-emotional, behavior, and academic performance.

Problems in psychological and socio-emotional well-being. Psychological and socio-emotional development is a complex, interconnected process in the context of children's well-being.

It is a by-product of personal and socialization processes. While many children in grandparent-headed households may do well, others are at risk for having more psychological problems than those living with traditional two-parent families Dunifon, 2013; Edwards, 2008.

Because of their negative experiences with their parents, children being raised in grandparent-headed families often display developmental, physical, behavioral, academic, and emotional problems. Younger respondents reported more symptoms than older respondents, as they experience uncertainty and difficulties in identity formation that subside with the approach of more stable life-stages.

Grandparents and Grandchildren Relationships Essay

Hispanics exhibited greater depression than white non-Hispanics; possibly due to the stresses of acculturation. Other children raised by grandparents who experience emotional and physical distress may concomitantly demonstrate inappropriate or delinquent behavior and problems in school.

Their grandparents may have less energy to assist with the children's schoolwork and social-emotional development. Some custodial grandparents may lack knowledge about mental health care for themselves or their grandchildren, and they may also be unfamiliar with STDs, drug use, school violence, or peer influences on their grandchildren Kelch-Oliver, 2011.

Approximately 70 percent of children experiment with drugs and alcohol. Other behavioral issues include teenage pregnancy.

  • A variety of support options are available;
  • Journal of Counseling and Therapy for Couples and Families, 19 4 , 396-406.

About 25 percent of girls raised by grandparents had been pregnant at least once before leaving their teen years Dunifon, 2013; Kelch-Oliver, 2011. School psychologists often consider scores at or above the clinically significant threshold as suggestive of psychopathology, and these elevated scores, combined with other factors, may contribute to a clinical diagnosis e.

Some children raised by custodian grandparents who have been suspended, typically for fighting or disruptive behavior may cause negative interactions with their peers and teachers. However, grandchildren who experienced behavioral problems at school usually did not exhibit behavioral problems at home and were able to comply with their grandparent's rules and structure Kelch-Oliver, 2011. It appeared that the grandchildren's school behavior and functioning was a reflection of their adjustment to parental loss or a reflection of their desire to be with their parents instead of their grandparents.

Well-being in academic performance. Since schooling occurs as children progress through various developmental pathways, children's satisfactory school experiences are central to grandparent raising their grandchildren and the social implication essay of life and well-being.

These situations are similar for young children living with their parents, suggesting that grandparents are as likely to engage young children in stimulating academic-based activities. These children may have difficulty engaging in school because they have had to change schools or they may be adjusting to their new living situation and feel distracted.

Children in grandparent care are also more likely to be suspended or expelled from school. These children may act out in school because they are having difficulty adjusting to living with a relative caregiver or are angry about being separated from their parents.

Children raised by low income grandparents displayed lower grandparent raising their grandchildren and the social implication essay scores when compared to matched peers. They exhibited more grade failures and learning disabilities. Custodial grandparents often have legal difficulties related to obtaining guardianship, enrolling their grandchildren in school, and accessing medical care for their grandchildren.

Some grandparents often have limited financial resources and may experience difficulty providing adequate housing, food, and clothing.

Others may be out of touch or have limited knowledge with what is happening in today's schools. Some grandparents may be unable to help with homework because of limited familiarity with current school subjects. They may lack the necessary time and patience to help their grandchildren succeed academically. The next section discusses the positive and negative perspective of well-being in children raised by grandparents. Positive and negative perspective of well-being in children.

A study by Smith, Rodriguez, and Palmieri 2010 found that custodial grandparent households provide a less favorable family environment for children to live in. Some grandparents appear to have limited knowledge of children's development as it is shown by the shortage of parental functions and resources in these households. Some see these issues as being associated with lower levels of well-being among children.

Ethnicity is a potentially powerful moderator in the development of children's well-being. African American and Hispanic children are more likely to live in extended-family households than non-Hispanic whites.

Ethnicity overlaps with a second key moderator, socioeconomic status. However, Conway, Jones, and Speakes-Lewis 2011 revealed that white children raised by custodial grandparents encounter significantly more difficulties than African American children on most areas of development except conduct problems and prosocial behavior. Boys are more likely than girls to have externalizing behavior problems; their emotional and behavioral difficulties are expressed outwardly in the form of misconduct or acting out.

Girls are more likely to have internalizing problems, meaning they channel their difficulties inwardly by being anxious, fearful, or depressed. All of these issues can give rise to a difficult school and educational experience for children raised by their grandparents, particularly when the children must also cope with the loss of their parents and perhaps other siblings.

Some adolescents who are working more than 20 hours after school to give financial assistance to their grandparents struggle to make ends meet. Furthermore, it also suggested that grandparents are better substitutes for the absent parent, possibly because both the single parent and the close grandparent raising their grandchildren and the social implication essay are more likely to be women.

Custodial grandparents, however, were more likely than parents to endorse turning to grandchildren to meet their social, physical, and emotional needs: Young children, however, have not yet developed the abilities to verbalize complex feelings and tolerate intensely painful emotional experiences such as grief.

This grief may be expressed in many ways; for example, somatic and depressive symptoms, irritability, aggression, and academic problems. The section below describes some of the solutions on how to assist children raised by grandparents to have a positive well-being and achieve success in academic work.

There are two basic affective responses for children living with their grandparents: The children perceive that they have a good relationship with their grandparent, they have better resources at their grandparent's house i. Children with Spanish as their second language who retrieved their Spanish at the college level take great pride in their new ability to talk to their immigrant grandparents in Spanish as a result of being raised by grandparents.

Grandparents shared their stories, talked, discussed, and suggested strategies to solve some issues. Although children raised by grandparents may recognize the sacrifices their grandparents make for them, many manifest a marked degree of ambivalence toward their parents and grandparents.

A caring relationship with an adult serves as a protective factor against stress and can improve variables associated with life satisfaction. These relationships seem particularly necessary for children raised by grandparents who may have experienced insecure attachment. Assisting children's well-being and success in academic pursuits. Children raised by their grandparents who experience negative life events, separation from parents, and subsequent attachment concerns can benefit from the relational focus of school satisfaction approaches.

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Schools are excellent resources to help manage the needs of children raised by their grandparents. Psychologists, school counselors, and other school professionals can develop support groups for these family members.

  • Another important role that the grandparents can play on the growth of their grandchildren is mentoring them;
  • As a result of the various benefits identified on the relationship between grandparents and their grandchildren, such relationships are very important to the grandparents as well as to their grandchildren.

School professionals must be empathetic, avoid blaming, and guard against being perceived as judgmental when communicating with grandparents. Children raised by their grandparents may need substantial stability in their schooling and counselors should work to place these grandchildren with the same teachers and classmates in consecutive years. Grandchildren may benefit from social skills training when establishing and maintaining friendships.

Children with academic problems resulting from their grandparents' inability to provide academic and homework assistance should be provided with tutoring Pople, Abadallh, Rees, Main, 2010. Social workers can also help grandparents by connecting them with community agencies and resources that provide therapeutic, financial, and social service assistance. Furthermore, grandparents may need assistance locating appropriate community activities such as sports and music programs as well as summer camps for their grandchildren.

Becoming educated about the resources in place to assist grandparent is beneficial in regard to obtaining the knowledge of the grandparent's rights and obligations.

  1. Assessing attitude toward grandparents raising their grandchildren. Discussion and Conclusion Grandparents raising grandchildren experience higher levels of caregiver depression, but at the same time, the experience can be rewarding and meaningful and therefore may be beneficial to psychological well-being for both grandparents and grandchildren.
  2. A variety of support options are available. They can also attend grandchildren's extramural activities such as Parent Teacher Conferences and Parent Night.
  3. However, their ability to perform these roles is dependent on the relationship that exists between the grandparents and the grandchildren.
  4. School Psychology Quarterly, 23 1 , 125-138. Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment, 23.

Churches and other community groups could arrange pot-luck suppers. As part of a church service project, youths and teenagers could read to the youngsters and help with homework in the grandparent-led families. Discussion and Conclusion Grandparents raising grandchildren experience higher levels of caregiver depression, but at the same time, the experience can be rewarding and meaningful and therefore may be beneficial to psychological well-being for both grandparents and grandchildren.

Some grandparents are more relaxed than parents and are more likely to see the child's academic ability and performance in a more objective light. It is important to note, however, that the risk of emotional and behavioral problems of grandchildren is not necessarily a result of their present living situation in a grandparent-headed family. Rather, the circumstances surrounding the need for grandparents to raise their grandchildren may lead to emotional and behavioral problems Kelch-Oliver, 2011.

Despite the problems experienced by grandchildren and grandparents when grandparents assume fulltime caregiving responsibility for their grandchildren, these alternate family structures may be the best setting to raise children when there is a breakdown in the nuclear family. The child's development and well-being depend on the active participation and positive role of the grandparents.

Some grandparents who may have limited knowledge of the current education system, for example new testing and exam systems, should attend grandparent raising their grandchildren and the social implication essay education programs.

The Department of Child and Family Services offers classes on education and parenting practices in areas of child development and health issues such as food allergies and dietary practices. They can also attend grandchildren's extramural activities such as Parent Teacher Conferences and Parent Night. Grandparents can volunteer in classrooms and local libraries as guest speakers.

Schools should create a warm, supportive and welcoming environment for parents. School personnel should be sensitive about grandparent involvement, for example use a strength-based approach; have them share the history and culture in the community with the children.

Grandparent involvement in school is more apt to be motivated to help their grandchild excel both academically and socially. Providing caring, loving, and emotional support will create a stable and secure environment, which will be significant in the grandchildren's life and they will most likely thrive in life.

The positive aspects of intergenerational relations support the notion that grandparents are important to the lives of grandchildren in adulthood. They felt deep gratitude and respect for their grandparents' efforts in raising them. Quality of relationship and caring in raising grandchildren is an investment in grandchildren's feeling of commitment toward their grandparents as expressed by a perceived role, and practical help derives from the wish to repay grandparents who helped them as children.

  • The Gerontologist, 42, 676-689;
  • Well-being in academic performance;
  • Nearly three-fourths of all the grandparents reported major adjustments in their routines and plans, with custodial grandparents reporting the most change;
  • Intergenerational parenting from the perspective of African American grandmothers;
  • Attitude adjustment — Grandparents usually anticipate later life as a time to enjoy the privileges of grandchildren without many responsibilities;
  • Sense of purpose — Grandparents involved in raising grandchildren often report a greater sense of purpose in their own lives.