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First nations and the justice system essay

Throughout our history, we have shown undeniable amounts of discrimination towards Indigenous peoples. This, and more, has led to major negative cultural consequences, psychological and sociological effects.

They effectively separated families while creating huge cultural barriers between children and their Native communities COHA, 2011. Nicholas Davin said this as he wanted to be able to assimilate the Indigenous children into mainstream society as soon as possible and because it is far easier to influence a child than an adult.

First nations and the justice system essay being separated from their families and granted very little contact with them, children would be taught a completely different culture and language than their families, which caused many children to alienate their families COHA, 2011. One would also see this alienation in cultural foods and eating habits. Since children grew up in environments so unlike that of the Indigenous peoples, children oftentimes felt isolated and became strangers to their own culture.

In conclusion, it is evident that the imperialistic policies such as the assimilation policy and the Indian Act clearly sought out to assimilate Indigenous Peoples committed a near cultural genocide by attempting to eradicate all aspects of Aboriginal culture in their students Montpetit, 2011. The effects of these policies are still felt in society today, which goes to show just how huge of an effect this dark time in our past had Hanson, n.

Secondly, after suffering through something as traumatic as residential schools which were brought on first nations and the justice system essay the imperialistic policies of our own government, many of the students experienced abuses sexual and physical at alarmingly high rates, many residential school survivors have developed mental illnesses. Unfortunately, many of these mental illnesses have remained untreated as health care is widely inaccessible to many Aboriginals.

Thus, many Aboriginals have been forced to self medicate with narcotics and alcohol to attempt to disassociate themselves.

It was found in the Regional Health Survey of 2010 approximately 32. The report also found that over a tenth of First Nation people used cannabis on an almost daily basis. Furthermore, alcohol abuse is a devastating problem within Aboriginal communities, as it leads to further alcohol abuse and even narcotic abuse in successive generations. Reports have shown that nearly four in ten child victimizers admitted having been under the influence of alcohol at the time of the abuse, among those drinkers, half reported they had been drinking for the past 6 hours Alcohol, Drugs and Crime, 2016.

This alarming statistic shows the clear connection between abuse and alcoholism which was onset by our imperialistic policies. Thus, it can be concluded that alcohol and drug abuse is a widespread issue in not only First Nations communities, but all Aboriginal communities as alike. This issue only fuels the flames for further abuse, which will indefinitely negatively affect future generations physical and mental health resulting in psychological issues that will last for further generations National Aboriginal Health Organization, 2011.

Aside from depression, post traumatic stress disorder is yet another major mental illness plaguing Aboriginal communities National Collaborating Centre for Aboriginal Health, 2015. And that went on until I was about twelve years old. And it was several of the male supervisors plus a female. One can clearly see how traumatic events such as this can lead to mental illnesses such as PTSD and or depression which both lead to suicide.

However, unfortunately many Aboriginals do not receive help for these mental illnesses, as there is a general lack of health care service providers in Canada and even more so in our Aboriginal communities Health Council of Canada, 2004. Although Canada is credited for its high standard of living this standard does not extend to all, with many of the individuals with lesser benefits being Aboriginal and First Nations peoples T.

This complexity is caused mostly by disputes between the provincial and federal branches of government as until recently there was an ongoing jurisdictional tug of war as neither claimed responsibility for funding of many Indigenous services.

In conclusion, it is evident that the imperialistic policies Canada imposed on First Nations and Aboriginal communities have led many to rely on substance abuse to take away their suffering. It is also directly responsible for the rise in mental illnesses such as depression and PTSD, and lastly, we cannot even provide sufficient care for those suffering from abuse and or mental illness all across Canada.

This makes it clear that the incredibly imperialistic policies we had imposed had a major psychological effect on First Nations and Aboriginal communities even to this day which is not being solved. One looks to the justice system and expects protection from unjust prosecution and incarceration. Once being charged they would then be brought to stand trial.

Essay: Canada’s Past and Present Discrimination Towards its Indigenous Peoples

In essence, this means it is far more likely that an Indigenous person would plead guilty to a charge that is unjust and unfair to them Williams, 2002. Thus, it is evident distrust will form between police and Indigenous peoples which will indefinitely lead to further problems in the future. One of the victims of this systemic abuse is Greg, he claims to have gone on four starlight tours, one of which he was driven 50km out of town Brass and Abbott, 2004.

Greg recalls one of his starlight tours after he was picked up by the police: Where are you guys taking me? So the cuffs were taken off and they had driven away. And I ended up walking home. This blatant systemic discrimination makes many first nations and the justice system essay Indigenous communities fear police officers as it is evident only Indigenous peoples are targeted for this abuse. Police should be looked to for protection and safety, but even when formally charged data has clearly shown the discriminatory bias in charging of Indigenous youths as well.

In addition to this flaw, approximately 35. This clearly discriminatory policy lasted for nearly 40 years, this would make any Indigenous women affected feel like a second-class citizen.

More recently, Indigenous peoples have been fighting for their statuses. This gave so many a feeling of identity and dignity that they did not have before, and made them not feel like second class citizens after the long legal battle that started in 1999.

In addition, with this new status now Indigenous peoples now have far more access to programs and supports from the government. Next, we turn to funding for various sectors such as health care, child welfare, and education remain inadequate.

This is again worsened even further by the fact that the Indigenous population is steadily increasing and that inflation is further decreasing the value of our money Assembly of First Nations, n.

It was estimated that there needed to be a 6. To expose the clear systemic discrimination one must look at the funding provided to provincial and territorial schools. It was found that enrollment in these schools is consistently decreasing yet their funding is increasing by 4. There is also a huge over representation of Indigenous youth in the childcare system, as indicated by The National Household Survey 2011: It has also been estimated that it would require approximately 200 million dollars more each year to close the gap in childcare services for Indigenous youths.

First nations and the justice system essay

The forerunner of this movement, Cindy Blackstock, had this to say about the issue as she questions why the fight was even necessary: Aside from the controversy, it is still fact that the government is under funding Indigenous schools.

This makes the lower education rates of Indigenous communities an even more alarming issue. In conclusion, it was found that the federal government did indeed discriminate systemically through the Justice System, its refusal to allow Indigenous women to vote for nearly another 40 years, and through major gaps in funding in many essential services.

Although they state these policies have no place in our country many still stand, this goes to show that we as a nation still have to alter the system to make it fair for all.

Although we as a nation have undoubtedly changed since the closing of the last residential school, it is evident there is first nations and the justice system essay much more to be done. Bibliography Alcohol, Drugs and Crime. National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence.

Retrieved 5 March 2016, from https: First Nations Education Funding Fact sheet. Retrieved 14 May 2016, from http: Aboriginal residential school survivors share stories Toronto Star. Retrieved 7 January 2016, from http: Retrieved 2 March 2016, from http: Retrieved 25 February 2016, from http: Retrieved 5 January 2016, from http: Report on Industrial Schools for Indians and Halfbreeds p.

The Residential School System. Retrieved 6 January 2016, from http: Current Issues in Mental Health in Canada: The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 3 March 2016 from http: Canada confronts its dark history of abuse in residential schools. The incarceration of Aboriginal people in adult correctional services. Retrieved 11 May 2016, from http: Race, Ethnicity, and Criminal Justice in Canada.

Crime and Justice, 21, 469—522. Funding gap for children in government care on reserves needs fixing, Alberta agrees.

  1. Retrieved 14 May 2016, from http.
  2. This alarming statistic shows the clear connection between abuse and alcoholism which was onset by our imperialistic policies.
  3. Retrieved 2 March 2016, from https. Aboriginal people, resilience and the residential school legacy pp.
  4. The report also found that over a tenth of First Nation people used cannabis on an almost daily basis.

Retrieved 14 May 2016, from https: Retrieved 12 May 2016, from https: Retrieved 15 May 2016, from https: Aboriginal people, resilience and the residential school legacy pp. Suicide Prevention Resource Toolkit. Retrieved 2 March 2016, from https: Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada. The Case of Aboriginal Peoples in Canada. Buffalo Criminal Law Review, 5 2451—495.