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Essay on role of chemistry in environmental and economic development

Messenger Chemistry is the science of molecules: In a way, this makes chemistry the science of everything. In sharp contrast to other major science disciplines, such as physics, mathematics and biology, chemistry is the only fundamental science that has a specific industry attached to it.

Chemical civilisation Chemistry as a discipline also has been, and remains, a significant contributor to the wealth, prosperity and health of humanity.

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Over the last 5,000 years, it is chemistry, more than any other discipline, that has made our global civilisation possible. Early civilisations learned how to extract simple metals and to process them, which enabled military and eventually economic superiority.

Likewise the civilisations that discovered gunpowder gained ascendancy in many areas of the globe. Innovations, such as the development of specific cements, mortars and, later on, concrete, glass and plastic, allowed urbanisation on a massive scale.

  • Early civilisations learned how to extract simple metals and to process them, which enabled military and eventually economic superiority;
  • Important general concepts from chemistry include understanding chemical reactions and equations , solutions , units , sampling , and analytical techniques;
  • We anticipate that chemistry will continue to define the directions of technological change during the 21st century;
  • In sharp contrast to other major science disciplines, such as physics, mathematics and biology, chemistry is the only fundamental science that has a specific industry attached to it;
  • There are more than 60,000 people employed in the chemical industry and it is our second largest manufacturing sector.

The industrial revolution was enabled by the rapid improvements in understanding combustion and thermodynamics of fossil fuels. This led to global power shifts to those countries, which were able to implement these innovations on an industrial scale. In 2014, the global chemicals industry contributed 4.

We anticipate that chemistry will continue to define the directions of technological change during the 21st century.

For example, chemical research and development will contribute to energy efficient LEDs, solar cellselectric vehicle batterieswater desalinationbiodiagnostics, advanced materials for durable clothing, aerospace, defence, agriculture, nanotechnologyadditive manufacturing as well as health and medicine. Currently, around half of all chemists work in industry, one quarter in universities or teaching, and most of the remaining quarter are employed in government laboratories.

Chemical civilisation

There are more than 60,000 people employed in the chemical industry and it is our second largest manufacturing sector. These are impressive figures but to maintain this performance, long term strategies and national focus are required.

  1. However, chemistry graduates are increasingly moving into areas such as biotechnology, environmental monitoring, forensic science, food science and green chemistry.
  2. Better linkages between universities and industry will ensure Australia can generate the products needed to maintain high living standards. For example, chemical research and development will contribute to energy efficient LEDs, solar cells , electric vehicle batteries , water desalination , biodiagnostics, advanced materials for durable clothing, aerospace, defence, agriculture, nanotechnology , additive manufacturing as well as health and medicine.
  3. There are more than 60,000 people employed in the chemical industry and it is our second largest manufacturing sector.
  4. Chemical civilisation Chemistry as a discipline also has been, and remains, a significant contributor to the wealth, prosperity and health of humanity.

The decadal plan is a grass roots document, put together by a working group under the auspices of the National Committee for Chemistry. The key goals of such a bottom-up approach are to ensure that it is the chemistry community itself that sets the direction of the field and identifies the opportunities and challenges ahead.

Environmental chemistry

Based on the findings of the DP process, chemistry in Australia remains a healthy but underperforming science. Chemistry is an attractive career choice and chemistry remains vital to many Australian industries including construction, mining and agriculture. However, chemistry graduates are increasingly moving into areas such as biotechnology, environmental monitoring, forensic science, food science and green chemistry.

  1. Messenger Chemistry is the science of molecules. Chemical civilisation Chemistry as a discipline also has been, and remains, a significant contributor to the wealth, prosperity and health of humanity.
  2. In a way, this makes chemistry the science of everything. Over the last 5,000 years, it is chemistry, more than any other discipline, that has made our global civilisation possible.
  3. Environmental chemistry is the study of chemical processes occurring in the environment which are impacted by humankind's activities.

The biggest challenge identified by the DP working group is poor communication across the sector. Australia can do much better in exploiting its strong research base. Profitable, chemistry-based companies create high quality jobs, which in turn attract students to stay in science.

Better linkages between universities and industry will ensure Australia can generate the products needed to maintain high living standards. Governments need to support this value-adding chain by developing long-lasting, bipartisan policies that foster risk-taking and greater investment in manufacturing.

We may have heard a lot of this before but now it is being said with one voice.