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Essay on growing united and health through sports

Received 2015 Jan 14; Accepted 2015 Apr 22.

This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. It is well established that socio-economic status SES is a critical factor. There is also growing evidence that there are differences in participation patterns according to residential location.

However, little is known more specifically about the relationship of PA participation and frequency of participation in particular contexts, to SES and residential location. This study investigated the relationship of participation, and frequency and context of participation, to SES and location.

Results The rates of both any and regular PA participation increased as SES increased and decreased as remoteness increased. As essay on growing united and health through sports increased and SES decreased, participation in many team sports actually increased. For both SES and remoteness, there were more significant associations with overall participation, than with regular participation or participation in more organised contexts. Conclusions This study demonstrates the complexity of the associations between SES and location across different contexts of participation.

Nevertheless, it seems that once initial engagement in PA is established, SES and remoteness are not critical determinants of the depth of engagement. Electronic supplementary material The online version of this article doi: Sport, Physical activity, Socio-economic status, Rurality Background There is an abundance of knowledge of the wide range of influences on participation in physical activity PA.

In accordance with the Socio-Ecological model, these influences or determinants of participation can relate to intrapersonal, interpersonal, organisational, environmental, and policy factors [ 12 ]. It is consistently reported in both quantitative and qualitative studies that people with higher SES are more likely than those with lower SES to participate in PA, and more specifically in sport [ 4 - 7 ].

A qualitative study of adults in the Netherlands, USA and Republic of Korea found that some barriers to PA and sport participation were consistently reported across all three countries. Along with time pressure, cost was articulated consistently throughout as a barrier to PA participation [ 8 ]. There is evidence that higher SES neighbourhoods have significantly more PA facilities than lower SES neighbourhoods, thus providing more opportunities to be physically active [ 9 ].

Furthermore, low SES neighbourhoods were found to have significantly fewer free-for-use facilities than high SES neighbourhoods [ 9 ]. There are also differences amongst participation levels and trends according to different geographical regions [ 10 - 12 ].

There are also reports of variations of PA levels within state capital cities [ 10 ] and between different regional communities [ 11 ]. Many studies that do report PA according to different geographical regions, use very broad definitions, for example northern and southern regions of a country [ 6 ]. While specific measures of location or remoteness exist, these have rarely been used in research in this area.

A study that adopted this measure of remoteness investigated PA levels amongst adolescents [ 14 ]. Both males and females living in major cities reported significantly lower moderate and vigorous PA MVPA minutes than males and females living in any other type of region.

Participation in sport, however did not differ across regional classifications [ 14 ]. In terms of health-enhancing PA, frequency of participation is a key component.

It is also important to understand the context of participation. Some studies incorporate frequency as a measure, especially when categorising individuals as meeting or failing to meet the recommended or health-enhancing levels of PA [ 10 ]. There are likely to be differences in participation trends across these modes, however little attention has been paid to specific modes beyond the study of adolescents by Eime and colleagues [ 15 ].

In summary, many factors influence participation in sport and PA.

Sports Essay Writing

It is well established that SES is a critical factor. However, little is known more specifically about the relationship of PA participation, and frequency of participation in particular contexts, to SES and residential location. This study investigates the association of participation, and regularity and organisational context of participation, with SES and location.

The usefulness of the ERASS survey from a public health perspective has been established [ 1016 ]. Importantly, it is useful as a national surveillance of habitual PA behaviours and specifically identifies the types of activities undertaken [ 16 ].

  • There are also differences amongst participation levels and trends according to different geographical regions [ 10 - 12 ];
  • Furthermore, low SES neighbourhoods were found to have significantly fewer free-for-use facilities than high SES neighbourhoods [ 9 ];
  • However, little is known more specifically about the relationship of PA participation, and frequency of participation in particular contexts, to SES and residential location;
  • Those remaining participated in only non-organised settings, and were classified as such;
  • Many studies that do report PA according to different geographical regions, use very broad definitions, for example northern and southern regions of a country [ 6 ];
  • Furthermore, low SES neighbourhoods were found to have significantly fewer free-for-use facilities than high SES neighbourhoods [ 9 ].

In each quarter approximately 3,400 persons were sampled Australia-wide from all states and territories. De-identified data from the 2010 survey period were analysed in this investigation. Those who had done so were asked to nominate up to 10 types of PA from a classification of 95 types e. For participants in each PA type, two further aspects of participation were investigated: With regard to level of organisation, a person can engage in a particular type of PA in more than one setting.

In accordance with the hierarchical precedence of participation settings articulated by Eime et al. Of those remaining, persons who participated in an organised non-club setting were classified as organised non-club participants, regardless of whether they also participated in non-organised settings.

  1. There are also differences amongst participation levels and trends according to different geographical regions [ 10 - 12 ].
  2. However, little is known more specifically about the relationship of PA participation, and frequency of participation in particular contexts, to SES and residential location.
  3. Of those remaining, persons who participated in an organised non-club setting were classified as organised non-club participants, regardless of whether they also participated in non-organised settings.
  4. Sport, Physical activity, Socio-economic status, Rurality Background There is an abundance of knowledge of the wide range of influences on participation in physical activity PA. The usefulness of the ERASS survey from a public health perspective has been established [ 10 , 16 ].

Those remaining participated in only non-organised settings, and were classified as such. Thus, the following PA indicators outcome variables were defined for each respondent: Major cities, Inner regional, Outer regional, Remote and Very remote.