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Essay on do not go gentle into that good night

Volume 4, Issue 4, July 2016, Pages: Lan Wang To cite this article: Lei Guo, Lan Wang. Humanities and Social Sciences. June 12, 2016; Accepted: June 13, 2016; Published: July 20, 2016 Abstract: This poem was Dylan Thomas written for his father when his father was seriously ill. Dylan wrote this poem to urge his father to fight against death. This paper focuses mainly on the poetic analysis on the poem.

The paper analyzed the poem from its images, metaphor and simile, symbol, rhyme and meter, alliteration and consonance, euphonies and cacophonies, and also its structure. Those analyses are general and rough, and profound analyses are needed. Analysis on the Poem from Elements of Poetry 2. Metaphor and Simile 2. Rhyme and Meter 2. Sound and Meaning 3. Analysis on the Poem from Other Aspects 3. Introduction Dylan Marlais Thomas was a welsh poet and writer.

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He quitted school at 16 for poor academic performances in some subjects because he favored English and reading and neglected other subjects. He got known after he won a poem contest in a newspaper.

He won fame early as poet when he was only twenty years old. He published his first book Eighteen Poems. He published other collections of poems in succession.

His sudden death at the age of thirty nine was caused by his drinking eighteen glasses of whiskey. Thomas was a grammar teacher in a Swansea grammar school. Thomas has a great influence on Dylan Thomas. Thomas felt sullen over his whole life and he thought his talent unrecognized.

Thomas was eloquent and towered the average in intelligence, but he could not stand out for his sharp words. Thomas was very strong, energetic and militant for the most part of his life, but he became amiable and genial when he got ill.

Thomas's verbal style played against strict verse forms, such as in the villanelle "Do not Go Gentle into That Good Night". His images were carefully ordered in a patterned sequence, and his major theme was the unity of all life, the continuing process of life and death and new life that linked the generations.

Thomas's poetry is notable for its musicality. This paper aims to analyze this poem from the perspective of the elements of poetry and stylistics.

A villanelle is a nineteen-line poem of fixed form consisting of five tercets and a final quatrain on two rhymes, with the first and third line of the first tercet repeated alternately as a refrain closing the succeeding stanzas and joined as the final couplet of the quatrain [ 10 ]. This paper is divided into four parts. The first chapter serves as a brief introduction to the background information of Dylan Thomas, the writing background of the poem, and the writing style of Dylan.

In chapter two, it examines the poem from the perspective of imagery, metaphor and simile, symbol, rhyme and meter, and sound and meaning. Essay on do not go gentle into that good night three adds two detail analyses on the poem, and it explores the poem from the perspective of persuasive essay and some lexical usage analysis.

Analysis of Thomas’s “Do Not Go Gently into That Good Night”

The conclusion part generally gives the main discoveries of the essay. Analysis on the Poem from Elements of Poetry Poetry is a multidimensional language.

Poetry is a kind of language communicating experience, and it has at least four dimensions including intelligence, senses, emotions and imagination. Poetry achieves its dimensions through drawing on a number of language resources which are not peculiar to poetry.

Do Not Go Gentle to That Good Night by Dylan Thomas Essay

Among them are connotation, imagery, metaphor, symbol, paradox, irony, allusion, sound repetition, rhythm and pattern. Imagery Experience comes to us through the senses [ 1 ]. There are many different categories of sense experience.

Imagery can be represented through language of sense experience. Generally, there are mainly seven kinds of imageries: Among them, visual imagery occurs most frequently in poetry. Forked lightening is a kind of lightening that is in the line of light that divides into several smaller lines near the bottom. The image "last wave by" vividly describes the last wave is about to crash the shore or die.

The bay is green for it is brimmed with life, plants, and seaweeds. Last wave can be interpreted as this: When these good men are about to leave this world, they rage against death by "crying" their deeds may have danced brightly. Metaphor and Simile In the first line of the first tercet, the poet uses night as a metaphor for death. Then "close of day" and "dying of the light", the synonymous phrases of night are repeated in the next two lines of the first tercet.

Do not go Gentle into that good nigh Essay

In the second tercet, the metaphor of night as death continues, but this time the poet uses dark which is closely related to night as a metaphor for death. In the third tercet, "the sun in flight" is a part of the extended metaphor in which day is a circle of life and the flying of sun represents the bright and beautiful part of life.

  • He won fame early as poet when he was only twenty years old;
  • A villanelle is a nineteen-line poem of fixed form consisting of five tercets and a final quatrain on two rhymes, with the first and third line of the first tercet repeated alternately as a refrain closing the succeeding stanzas and joined as the final couplet of the quatrain [ 10 ].

In the fifth tercet, the poet uses a simile in the second line of this tercet: When those grave men are near death, though they could not see clearly, they still try their best to see the world.

The poet compares blind eyes of grave men to meteors rather than extinguishing candles. Symbol A symbol is a kind of image, for it exceeds the image in the richness of its connotations [ 10 ]. At first readers may get puzzled when they read the apostrophe line "Do not go gentle into that good night", readers are confused that who the addressee is and why the speaker asks him to do that. The poet reveals the addressee is "my father" in the last tercet.

After listing many different groups of people on the verge of death who fight against death rather than just accept their death obediently, the poet finally mentions his father who is standing at the metaphorical mountain which is the edge of the mortal world. Villanelles were traditional poetic form of French. They became popular in the late 1800s and early 1900s in English-language poetry.

  1. At first readers may get puzzled when they read the apostrophe line "Do not go gentle into that good night", readers are confused that who the addressee is and why the speaker asks him to do that.
  2. Thomas is saying that they should be happy even though they know what is going to happen to them. Also, it helps readers comprehend in a general way and provide some specific perspective for analyzing poetry.
  3. Live your life while you are actually dying. A series of symbols are employed in this poem like "night" "light" and "sad height", etc.
  4. Need a custom research paper on English Composition? Sound and Meaning Poetry arranges words into patterns of sounds like music.

A villanelle is divided into nineteen lines which comprises five tercets and a quatrain. There are only two rhymes and there are two refrains. The refrains, the first line and the third line, are repeated four times in the poem: The use of repetition of the two refrains "Do not go gentle into that good night" and "Rage, rage against the dying of the light" is one effective device.

The two refrains work musical miracles in the poem and keep emphasizing and deepening the theme of the poem [ 10 ]. The first and third lines of the opening tercet alternate as a refrain in the four following tercets and the last two lines of the concluding quatrain. Such a demanding restriction requires poetic ingenuity to maintain a meaningful expression.

This repetition expresses one of the major themes: Sound and Meaning Poetry arranges words into patterns of sounds like music. Alliteration and Consonance Alliteration is the repetition of the initial consonant cluster in stressed syllables [ 8 ].

  1. The relevant aspect of the relationship was Thomas's profound respect for his father, tall and strong in Thomas"s passionate mind but now tamed by illness and the passing of time. And all this on only two rhymes.
  2. Analysis on the Poem from Elements of Poetry 2. Do not accept death passively.
  3. An Introduction to Poetry. This paper focuses mainly on the poetic analysis on the poem.
  4. The rhetoric is never jumbled or ruff, and always profoundly moving; the images are far reaching, yet terribly true; the complicated rhyme scheme simply adds to the many dimensions of the poem. Imagery can be represented through language of sense experience.

In the first line "Do not go gentle into that good night", the alliteration here is used to call attention to the words go and good which carry the alliteration, thus giving great emphasis to these words.

Night symbolizes death here. Night has a negative connotation, and the poet adds an adjective good to balance this kind of negative effect. The connection among these three words forms a contrast: The employment of alliteration here emphasizes the theme of the poem: Consonance is the repetition of the final consonant cluster in stressed syllables [ 8 ].

Euphonies and Cacophonies The poet can reinforce meaning through sound by choose and group sounds into smooth and pleasant sounding euphonious or rough and harsh sounding cacophonous [ 1 ]. When the sounds of words work together in harmony, they create euphony which pleases both mind and ear.

Essay: Do Not Go Gentle into That Good Night

When the sounds of words do not work together, they create a harsh, discordant effect called cacophony. Rage, rage against… Though wise men know at their end know dark is right. Because their words had forked no lightening… Curse, bless me now with your fierce tears, I pray. The plosives are harsher and sharper in their effect. That, night, old, light, end, dark, right, bright, wild, blind, sad, height. All these kinds of cacophonous sounds cause a severe feeling. These "long" vowels appear frequently in this poem.

These two rhymes link the key word of this poem "night" and "day", and "light" and "night". They also echo the life and death theme of this poem. The sound repetition responds to the theme of the poem, and the sound and meaning of "rave", "rage" and "against" shows the rebellious attitude toward death. In the last tercert, the sibilance in the line: The speaker is pleading his father not to be surrendered to death and fight against death.

Analysis on the Poem from Other Aspects On top of poetic analysis, some details of the poem could be analyzed from other aspects. The poem is written in a persuasive essay, and some words usage is worth analyzing further. Persuasive Structure This poem is written in a persuasive structure:

Do Not Go Gentle Into That Good Night by Dylan Thomas