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Early life of nelson mandela history essay

Political prisoner In 1962 Mandela was again arrested, this early life of nelson mandela history essay for leaving South Africa illegally and for inciting strikes. He was sentenced to five years in jail. The following year he was tried with other leaders of Umkhonto weSizwe on a charge of high treason, following a government raid of the group's secret headquarters. Mandela was given a life sentence, which he began serving in the maximum security prison on South Africa's Robben Island.

During the twenty-seven years that Mandela spent in prison, his example of quiet suffering was just one of many pressures on South Africa's apartheid government. Public discussion of Mandela was illegal, and he was allowed few visitors. But as the years dragged on, he was increasingly viewed as a martyr one who suffers for a cause in South Africa and around the world, making him a symbol of international protests against apartheid.

In 1988 Mandela was hospitalized with an illness, and after his recovery he was returned to prison under somewhat less harsh conditions.

By this time, the situation within South Africa was becoming desperate for the ruling white powers. Protest had spread, and international pressures for the end of apartheid were increasing.

Biography of Nelson Mandela

More and more, South Africa was isolated as a racist state. It was against this backdrop that F. Freedom On February 11, 1990, Mandela walked out of prison. He received joyful welcomes wherever he went around the world. In 1991 he assumed the presidency of the ANC, which had been given legal status again by the government. Both Mandela and deKlerk realized that only a compromise between whites and blacks could prevent civil war in South Africa.

Nelson Mandela Biography

As a result, in late 1991, a multiparty Convention for a Democratic South Africa met to establish a new, democratic government that gave people of all colors rights to determine the country's future.

Mandela and deKlerk led the negotiations, and their efforts gained them the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993. In September 1992, the two leaders signed a document that created a freely elected constitutional assembly to draft a new constitution and to act as a transition government a government that functions temporarily while a new government is being formed.

On April 27, 1994, the first free elections open to all South African citizens were held.

Nelson Mandela essay

The ANC won over sixty-two percent of the popular vote, and Mandela was elected president. Presidency and retirement As president, Mandela worked to ease the dangerous political differences in his country and to build up the South African economy. To a remarkable degree he was successful in his aims. Mandela's skill at building compromise and his enormous personal authority helped him lead the transition to democracy. In an effort to help the country heal, he also backed the establishment of a Truth and Reconciliation Commission which offered amnesty exemption from criminal prosecution to those who had committed crimes during the apartheid era.

This action helped to promote discussion about the country's history.

Mandela retired in June 1999, choosing not to challenge Thabo Mbeki, his vice president, in elections. Mbeki won the election for the ANC and was inaugurated as president on June 16, 1999. Mandela quickly took on the role of statesman after leaving office, acting that year as a mediator in the peace process in Burundi, where a civil war had led to the killing of thousands.

In late 2001, Mandela joined the outcry against terrorism when he expressed his support for the American bombing of Afghanistan after terrorist attacks against the United States on September 11, 2001. By January 2002, however, Mandela had modified his support somewhat after South African Muslims criticized him for appearing to be insensitive to the sufferings of the Afghan people.

As quoted by the Associated Press, Mandela called his earlier remarks supporting the bombings an "overstatement" and urged caution against prematurely labeling Osama bin Laden, the man suspected of plotting the attacks, as a terrorist.

Nelson Mandela Foundation

For More Information Benson, Mary. The Man and the Movement. New American Library, 1987.

Johns, Sheridan, and R. The Struggle Against Apartheid, 1948—1990: Oxford University Press, 1991. Long Walk to Freedom: The Autobiography of Nelson Mandela.

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Laban Robert Sep 5, 2011 3: Madiba is my hero that I adore and wish to emmulate in life after college. Where are such non-bloody revolutions to achieve and share in the great dreams of our African father?

Since primary I have alys admired you and wish you long life so that I get to see you. You are a super achiever and my model.