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Differences between qualitative and quantitative research methods psychology essay

  • Elements used in the analysis of qualitative research are words, pictures, and objects while that of quantitative research is numerical data;
  • The representation of the data using the quantitative methods also requires special skills such as the use of computer excel program, drawing of graphs which might be lacking in some people;
  • It is easy to construct graphs and raw table using facts generated from the research since they are in numeric forms as compared to qualitative research;
  • Qualitative research is often used as a starting point to look further into a topic, which may not be as well understood.

To explore and discover ideas used in the ongoing processes. To examine cause and effect relationship between variables.

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Methods Non-structured techniques like In-depth interviews, group discussions etc. Structured techniques such as surveys, questionnaires and observations.

  1. On the other hand, the methods used in collecting data in quantitative method does not provide an actual interaction between the researcher and the respondent and hence the researcher will obtain very limited information on the subject as they may not be able to observe the respondents reaction and attitude. An introduction to practice.
  2. Information gathered in qualitative research is not in numerical facts, the methods of data collection are very unstructured or semi-structured techniques.
  3. The research is also known as empirical research as it can be accurately and precisely measured. The two research methods are both limited particular variable being measured.
  4. Furthermore, most of the interviewees may not agree to spare their time for the interview especially when they are not getting paid.
  5. Unlike the quantitative research, the qualitative research utilizes very simple concepts in the representation of their result. The two research methods, qualitative and quantitative are invariably used by the researchers in reporting the findings of their studies.

Result Recommends final course of action Definition of Qualitative Research Qualitative research is one which provides insights and understanding of the problem setting. It is an unstructured, exploratory research method that studies highly complex phenomena that are impossible to elucidate with the quantitative research.

Although, it generates ideas or hypothesis for later quantitative research.

Qualitative research is used to gain an in-depth understanding of human behaviour, experience, attitudes, intentions, and motivations, on the basis of observation and interpretation, to find out the way people think and feel. Definition of Quantitative Research Quantitative research is a form of research that relies on the methods of natural sciences, which produces numerical data and hard facts.

Difference Between Qualitative and Quantitative Research

The research is also known as empirical research as it can be accurately and precisely measured. The data collected by the researcher can be divided into categories or put into rank, or it can be measured in terms of units of measurement. Key Differences Between Qualitative And Quantitative Research The differences between qualitative and quantitative research are provided can be drawn clearly on the following grounds: Qualitative research is a method of inquiry that develops understanding on human and social sciences, to find the way people think and feel.

A scientific and empirical research method that is used to generate numerical data, by employing statistical, logical and mathematical technique is called quantitative research.

Qualitative research is holistic in nature while quantitative research is particularistic. The qualitative research follows a subjective approach as the researcher is intimately involved, whereas the approach of quantitative research is objective, as the researcher is uninvolved and attempts to precise the observations and analysis on the topic to answer the inquiry.

Qualitative research is exploratory.

  • The qualitative method also gives the respondents an opportunity to ask for clarification on the questions that they might not understand and hence reduces the possibility of guessing;
  • Researchers of both qualitative and quantitative methods must be respectful for the basic rights of humans and animals when conducting research;
  • Each of the research methods is affected by the researcher;
  • A proper research should, therefore, implement both methods in the same research;
  • The qualitative method is not suitable for collecting data over a large area;
  • The given research method is therefore well suited for the research in relatively smaller areas or in cases where a small data is needed otherwise it might be very expensive to finance the research.

As opposed to quantitative research which is conclusive. On the other hand, quantitative research relies on random sampling; wherein a large representative sample is chosen in order to extrapolate the results to the whole population.

Verbal data are collected in qualitative research.

  • Qualitative researchers take an interpretative approach whilst being subjective;
  • On the other hand, the methods used in collecting data in quantitative method does not provide an actual interaction between the researcher and the respondent and hence the researcher will obtain very limited information on the subject as they may not be able to observe the respondents reaction and attitude;
  • Qualitative researchers take an interpretative approach whilst being subjective;
  • Structured techniques such as surveys, questionnaires and observations;
  • Although some studies may require the participant to be deceived as to not bias the results there are strict guidelines, which have been made by the Australian Psychological Society 2007 Code of Ethics.

Conversely, in quantitative research measurable data is gathered. Inquiry in qualitative research is a process-oriented, which is not in the case of quantitative research. Elements used in the analysis of qualitative research are words, pictures, and objects while that of quantitative research is numerical data.

Discuss the difference between Quantitative and Qualitative research methods.

Qualitative Research is conducted with the aim of exploring and discovering ideas used in the ongoing processes. Lastly, the methods used in qualitative research are in-depth interviews, focus groups, etc.

In contrast, the methods of conducting quantitative research are structured interviews and observations.

  1. I will be comparing each type of research method and the different methods used within them, the differences between qualitative and quantitative as well as the methodologies, epistemologies, and ethical issues that are involved with the research methods. However, one might be forced to spend a lot of resources in conducting the research.
  2. Although it may or may not find a correlation this does not imply causation. This is because the researcher has got the freedom to seek for further explanations from the respondents.
  3. Lastly, the methods used in qualitative research are in-depth interviews, focus groups, etc.

Qualitative Research develops the initial understanding whereas quantitative research recommends a final course of action. Video Conclusion An ideal research is one, which is conducted by considering both the methods, together. Although, there are some particular areas which require, only one type of research which mainly depends on the information required by the researcher.