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Difference between the tainos and the kalinagos essay

Order now Guacanagari, a leading cacique, who had tried previously to negotiate an accomodating settlement with military commander Alonso de Ojeba, marched unsuccessfully in 1494 with a few thousand me on the Spanish.

  • She was always responded to people calls for her at all times;
  • Huge iron pots covered with tar, are familiar utensils used by the Caribs;
  • A cacique was occasionally female and followed the blood line of the matrilineal family in accordance with the Taino beliefs in the female origin world view;
  • The Carib houses were rectangular shape;
  • The headman supervised the fishing and the cultivation of crops, beyond this he had a very little authority.

In Puerto Rico, the Spanish settlement party, led by Ponce de Leon, was attacked frequently by Taino warriors; many Spanish settlers were killed but Tainos and Kalinagos were defeated and crushed in the counter assault. In 1511, resistance in Cuba, led by cacique Hatuey, was put down; he was captured and burnt alive; another rising in 1529 was also crushed. In these struggles, Taino fatalities were high.

  1. Meanwhile, further up the Windward coast, another band of Caribs was destroying the estates of Three Rivers. Order now Guacanagari, a leading cacique, who had tried previously to negotiate an accomodating settlement with military commander Alonso de Ojeba, marched unsuccessfully in 1494 with a few thousand me on the Spanish.
  2. He set up a detachment group to watch the Vigie.
  3. Between 6 am and 7 am on the 10th of June the Vigie was attacked, both gun shooting and cannon balls were discharged by the troops at Calder and Carapan Ridges and later by the troop at Belmont.
  4. The English had a greed syndrome in which they always tried to get whatever they want not caring who got hurt.
  5. They were taken care of by their families and their relatives. Mayan society was both Patrilineal and Patriarchal leading to a more effective society.

Thousands were killed in battle and publicly executed for the purpose of breaking the spirit of collective resistance; some rebels fled to the mountains and forests where they established maroon settlements that continued intermittently the war against the Spanish.

In the Lesser Antilles, however, the Kalinago were more successful in defying first the Spanish, and then later the English and French, thereby preserving their political freedom and maintaining control of their territory.

Taino and Kalinago

Croix, neighbouring Puerto Rico, to the Guianas were inhabited by the Kalinagos. Either way, they expected to encounter considerable organized aremed resistance. Having secured some respite from the pressures of Spanish colonization by the end of the sixteenth century, then, Kalinagos were immediately confronted by the more economically aggressive and militarily determined English and French colonists.

Once again, they began to reorganize their communities in preparation for counter strategies.

Arawak and Taino

This time, it would be a clear case of resistance on the retreat. B the 1630s, their rapidly diminishing numbers were being consolidated around a smaller group of specially chosen islands — mostly in the Windwards but also in the Leewards.

By this time, for instance, Barbados, identified in a Spanish document of 1511 as an island densely populated with Kalinagos, no longer had a native presence.

Difference Between the Tainos and the Kalinagos Essay

Europeans understood the significance of this reorganization and resettlement of Kalinago communities, and established their infant colonies in peripheral parts of the Leeward Islands where their presence was less formidable, and in Barbados where it was now absent. The English and French then were aware that most of their settlement would have to come to terms with Kalinago resistance. The English and French sought the passification of the Kalinago for two distinct, but related reasons, and over time adopted different strategies and methods but maintained the ideological position that they should be enslaved, driven out, or exterminated.

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First, lands occupied by the Kalinago were required for large scale commodity production within the expansive, capitalist, North Atlantic agrarian complex. By resisting land confiscation Kalinagos were therefore confronting the full ideological and economic force of Atlantic capitalism.

Second, European economic activities in the CAribbean were based upon the enslavement of Indigenes and imported Africans. The principal role and relation assigned to these and other non-Europeans within the colonial formation was that of servitude. Europeans in the Lesser Antilles, however, were not successful in reducing an economic number of Kalinago to chattle slavery, or other forms of servitude. Unlike the Taino, their labour could not be effectively commodified, simply because their communities proved impossible to subdue.

Comparison: The Tainos, Mayans, and Kalinagos Essay

It was not that the Kalinago were more militant than the Taino. Kalinago, then, while not prepared to surrender either land or labour to Europeans, were better placed to implement effective counter-aggression. This literature, dating back to Columbus in 1494, in a contradictory fashion, denied Kalinago humanity while at the same time outlined their general anti-colonial and anti-slavery consciournes and attitudes.

Differences between kalinago and taino society