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Compare and contrast essay julius caesar and brutus

Shakespeare in Styria 2014, directed by Nicholas Allen and Roberta Brown The play opens with two tribunes discovering the commoners of Rome celebrating Julius Caesar 's triumphant return from defeating the sons of his military rival, Pompey. The tribunes, insulting the crowd for their change in loyalty from Pompey to Caesar, attempt to end the festivities and break up the commoners, who return the insults. During the feast of LupercalCaesar holds a victory parade and a soothsayer warns him to "Beware the ides of March ", which he ignores.

  • In October 2013, the production transferred to New York's St;
  • Prince Hamlet asks Polonius about his career as a thespian at university, Polonius replies "I did enact Julius Caesar;
  • He loses and commits suicide by running on his own sword, held for him by a loyal soldier;
  • Shakespeare deviated from these historical facts to curtail time and compress the facts so that the play could be staged more easily;
  • Caesar is egoistic; he refers to himself grandly in the third person and is rather arrogant in his attitude towards others;
  • The stage was the size of a city block and dominated by a central tower eighty feet in height.

Meanwhile, Cassius attempts to convince Brutus to join his conspiracy to kill Caesar. Although Brutus, friendly towards Caesar, is hesitant to kill him, he agrees that Caesar may be abusing his power. They then hear from Casca that Mark Antony has offered Caesar the crown of Rome three times and that each time Caesar refused it with increasing reluctance, in hopes that the crowd watching the exchange would beg him to accept the crown, yet the crowd applauded Caesar for denying the crown, upsetting Caesar, due to him wanting to accept the crown.

On the eve of the ides of March, the conspirators meet and reveal that they have forged letters of support from the Roman people to tempt Brutus into joining.

Compare the speeches of Mark Antony and Brutus in

Brutus reads the letters and, after much moral debate, decides to join the conspiracy, thinking that Caesar should be killed to prevent him from doing anything against the people of Rome if he were ever to be crowned. After ignoring the soothsayer, as well as his wife Calpurnia 's own premonitions, Caesar goes to the Senate. The conspirators approach him with a fake petition pleading on behalf of Metellus Cimber 's banished brother.

As Caesar predictably rejects the petition, Casca and the others suddenly stab him; Brutus is last. At this point, Caesar utters the famous line " Et tu, Brute?

Caesar And Brutus Essay

Brutus delivers an oration defending his own actions, and for the moment, the crowd is on his side. However, Mark Antony makes a subtle and eloquent speech over Caesar's corpse, beginning with the much-quoted " Friends, Romans, countrymen, lend me your ears!

Compare and contrast Caesar and Brutus in Julius Caesar.

Antony, even as he states his intentions against it, rouses the mob to drive the conspirators from Rome. Amid the violence, an innocent poet, Cinnais confused with the conspirator Lucius Cinna and is taken by the mob, which kills him for such "offenses" as his bad verses. Brutus next attacks Cassius for supposedly soiling the noble act of regicide by having accepted bribes. That night, Caesar's ghost appears to Brutus with a warning of defeat. He informs Brutus, "Thou shalt see me at Philippi.

During the battle, Cassius has his servant kill him after hearing of the capture of his best friend, Titinius. After Titinius, who was not really captured, sees Cassius's corpse, he commits suicide. However, Brutus wins that stage of the battle, but his victory is not conclusive. With a heavy heart, Brutus battles again the next day. He loses and commits suicide by running on his own sword, held for him by a loyal soldier. The play ends with a tribute to Brutus by Antony, who proclaims that Brutus has remained "the noblest Roman compare and contrast essay julius caesar and brutus them all" [6] because he was the only conspirator who acted, in his mind, for the good of Rome.

There is then a small hint at the friction between Mark Antony and Octavius which characterises another of Shakespeare's Roman plays, Antony and Cleopatra. The main source of the play is Thomas North 's translation of Plutarch 's Lives. Caesar's murder, the funeral, Antony's oration, the reading of the will and the arrival of Octavius all take place on the same day in the play.

However, historically, the assassination took place on 15 March The Ides of Marchthe will was published on 18 March, the funeral was on 20 March, and Octavius arrived only in May. Shakespeare makes the Triumvirs meet in Rome instead of near Bononia to avoid an additional locale. He combines the two Battles of Philippi although there was a 20-day interval between them. Shakespeare gives Caesar's last words as " Et tu, Brute? Shakespeare deviated from these historical facts to curtail time and compress the facts so that the play could be staged more easily.

The tragic force is condensed into a few scenes for heightened effect. Date and text[ edit ] The first page of Julius Caesar, printed in the Second Folio of 1632 Julius Caesar was originally published in the First Folio of 1623, but a performance was mentioned by Thomas Platter the Younger in his diary in September 1599. The play is not mentioned in the list of Shakespeare's plays published by Francis Meres in 1598. Based on these two points, as well as a number of contemporary allusions, and the belief that the play is similar to Hamlet in vocabulary, and to Henry V and As You Like It in metre, [12] scholars have suggested 1599 as a probable date.

The Folio text is notable for its quality and consistency; scholars judge it to have been set into type from a theatrical prompt-book. The characters mention objects such as hats and doublets large, heavy jackets — neither of which existed in ancient Rome. Caesar is mentioned to be wearing an Elizabethan doublet instead of a Roman toga. At one point a clock is heard to strike and Brutus notes it with "Count the clock". Analysis and criticism[ edit ] Historical background[ edit ] Maria Wyke has written that the play reflects the general anxiety of Elizabethan England over succession of leadership.

At the time of its creation and first performance, Queen Elizabetha strong ruler, was elderly and had refused compare and contrast essay julius caesar and brutus name a successor, leading to worries that a civil war similar to that of Rome might break out after her death. Brutus sees Caesar's ghost. Many have debated whether Caesar or Brutus is the protagonist of the play, because of the title character's death in Act Three, Scene One.

But Caesar compares himself to the Northern Starand perhaps it would be foolish not to consider him as the axial character of the play, around whom the entire story turns. Intertwined in this debate is a smattering of philosophical and psychological ideologies on republicanism and monarchism.

One author, Robert C. Reynolds, devotes attention to the names or epithets given to both Brutus and Caesar in his essay "Ironic Epithet in Julius Caesar". Reynolds also talks about Caesar and his "Colossus" epithet, which he points out has its obvious connotations of power and manliness, but also lesser known connotations of an outward glorious front and inward chaos.

Caesar is deemed an intuitive philosopher who is always right when he goes with his instinct, for instance when he says he fears Cassius as a threat to him before he is killed, his intuition is correct.

Brutus is portrayed as a man similar to Caesar, but whose passions lead him to the wrong reasoning, which he realises in the end when he says in V. Houppert acknowledges that some critics have tried to cast Caesar as the protagonist, but that ultimately Brutus is the driving force in the play and is therefore the tragic hero.

Brutus attempts to put the republic over his personal relationship with Caesar and kills him. Brutus makes the political mistakes that bring down the republic that his ancestors created. He acts on his passions, does not gather enough evidence to make reasonable decisions and is manipulated by Cassius and the other conspirators.

Comparing Mark Antony and Brutus’s speech Essay

Certainly, this is the view that Antony expresses in the final scene. But one of the central strengths of the play is that it resists categorising its characters as either simple heroes or villains. The political journalist and classicist Garry Wills maintains that "This play is distinctive because it has no villains".

The characters rotate around each other like the plates of a Calder mobile. Touch one and it affects the position of all the others. Raise one, another sinks.

But they keep coming back into a precarious balance. In this, the role of Cassius becomes paramount. Performance history[ edit ] The play was probably one of Shakespeare's first to be performed at the Globe Theatre. Charles Hart initially played Brutus, as did Thomas Betterton in later productions.

Julius Caesar was one of the very few Shakespearean plays that was not adapted during the Restoration period or the eighteenth century. This landmark production raised funds to erect a statue of Shakespeare in Central Park, which remains to this day. A one-night performance compare and contrast essay julius caesar and brutus the natural bowl of Beachwood CanyonHollywood drew an audience of 40,000 and starred Tyrone Power, Sr.

The student bodies of Hollywood and Fairfax High Schools played opposing armies, and the elaborate battle scenes were performed on a huge stage as well as the surrounding hillsides. The play commemorated the tercentenary of Shakespeare's death. A photograph of the elaborate stage and viewing stands can be seen on the Library of Congress website. The performance was lauded by L.

Another elaborate performance of the play was staged as a benefit for the Actors Fund of America at the Hollywood Bowl. Caesar arrived for the Lupercal in a chariot drawn by four white horses.

The stage was the size of a city block and dominated by a central tower eighty feet in height. The event was mainly aimed at creating work for unemployed actors. Three hundred gladiators appeared in an arena scene not featured in Shakespeare's play; a similar number of girls danced as Caesar's captives; a total of three thousand soldiers took part in the battle sequences. CaesarOrson Welles 's famous Mercury Theatre production, drew fevered comment as the director dressed his protagonists in uniforms reminiscent of those common at the time in Fascist Italy and Nazi Germanydrawing a specific analogy between Caesar and Fascist Italian leader Benito Mussolini.

Time magazine gave the production a rave review, [25] together with the New York critics. The production was considered one of the highlights of a remarkable Stratford season and led to Gielgud who had done little film work to that time playing Compare and contrast essay julius caesar and brutus in Joseph L.

Mankiewicz 's 1953 film version. Gielgud made his final appearance in a Shakespearean role on stage as Caesar in John Schlesinger 's production at the Royal National Theatre. The cast also included Ian Charleson as Octavius. Arvind Kumar translated Julius Caesar into Hindi. This production was also performed at the Prithvi international theatre festival, at the India Habitat CentreNew Delhi. Denzel Washington played Brutus in the first Broadway production of the play in over fifty years.

The production received universally negative reviews but was a sell-out because of Washington's popularity at the box office. In October 2013, the production transferred to New York's St. Ann's Warehouse in Brooklyn.

Popular Questions

This mirrors the play's status as one of the first productions at the Globe Theatre in 1599. One of the earliest cultural references to the play came in Shakespeare's own Hamlet. Prince Hamlet asks Polonius about his career as a thespian at university, Polonius replies "I did enact Julius Caesar.

I was killed i' th' Capitol. The police procedural combines Shakespeare, Dragnetand vaudeville jokes and was first broadcast on The Ed Sullivan Show.