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Calvinism was founded by john calvin religion essay

John Calvin – a summary

It is a series of theological beliefs first promoted by John Calvin 1509-1564one of the leaders of the Protestant reformation. They were affirmed by the Synod of Dordt 1618-1619 CE as being the doctrine of salvation which is contained in the Bible. It laid the foundation for Reformed Theology. This usually stands for "Total depravity: Actually, it means something quite different: They are spiritually helpless.

First, God must first decide to intervene in the form of the third personality within the Trinity, the Holy Spirit. Otherwise, the person is lost forever.

This stands for "Unconditional Election. One group is "the elected. The rest will remain ignorant of God, and the Gospel.

They are damned and will spend eternity in Hell without any hope of mercy or cessation of the extreme tortures. God made this selection before the universe was created, and thus before any humans existed. The ground or grounds that God uses to select the lucky few is unknown. What is known is that it is not through any good works on the part of the individual. It is not that he extends knowledge to some in order to find out who will accept salvation and who will not.

There is a degree of tension within the Bible concerning precise division of responsibility between God and humans on this matter.

Calvin and Knox: Religious Thinker and Religious Politician

The Bible does not resolve this issue. Hyper-Calvinists believe that a person has zero responsibility for their own salvation; it is all up to God. Arminians teach that humans have free will and thus can accept or resist the call of God.

  • They are damned and will spend eternity in Hell without any hope of mercy or cessation of the extreme tortures;
  • It laid the foundation for Reformed Theology.

This stands for "Limited atonement " or "Particular Redemption. He only died for the sake of specific sins of those sinners who are saved.