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Asean economic community and developing english proficiency essay

This is the first academic study to utilize a sample population consisting of human resources personnel from the top 100 private companies in Thailand who are in charge of employee training for learning English.

Self-administered questionnaires were used to obtain self-assessments on the issues of level of English proficiency, language training, resource allocation for communication preparedness in AEC, and overall perceptions of the importance of mastering English within their respective companies.

The results indicate that the acquisition of English as an economic lingua franca was considered important regardless of the demographic factors of the company examined. A majority of the respondents expressed the belief that their businesses had provided adequate resource allocation for English preparedness and a majority also indicated that their respective workforces possessed adequate English skills.

However, a majority also expressed assessments that the employees in their companies did not find it easy to learn English and that Thais in general, and their employees in particular, did not like learning the language.

  • Similar chronological data can be established to assess the degree of improvement of English proficiency within the Thai workforce;
  • Anecdotal evidence and personal observations from a combined dozen year of residency and employment in Thailand, lead the authors to conclude that the communication of English by most Thais is still non-existent, that most do not wish to learn English, and that the value of learning English as the language of ASEAN is not seen as essential since most are not even aware that it is the official working language of that organization;
  • For soft infrastructure, better English speaking countries in Asean, such as Singapore, Malaysia and the Philippines will have an advantage over countries like Thailand.

Thailand is a key economic hub within ASEAN with an estimated 37 million domestic employees and an additional 6. English is recognized as the global language or lingua franca of business communication Baker, 2015; Crystal, 2003; Jenkins, 2007; Seidlhofer, 2011; Sharifian, 2009 [5] [6] [7] [8] [9]. In Thailand, the mastering of English has been acknowledged among the urban middle class as a crucial skill for economic advancement, especially in Bangkok where most international businesses are located Simpson, 2007 [16].

The United Nations Development Programme 2014 [20] reinforced this in a poll they cited wherein 26. Statement of the Problem The following literature review provides ample evidence that Thailand has suffered from a long-term shortage of skilled workers who are proficient in English. This study aimed to determine the degree to which the management of top Thai companies has assessed their preparedness towards dealing with English as a commercial lingua franca, specifically regarding resource allocation and training to meet the challenge of English preparedness.

This investigation also attempted to determine whether specific demographic variables of these companies affected perceptions relating to preparedness for English within AEC. Literature Review There exists a large amount of literature addressing the lack of preparedness within Thailand regarding English proficiency for comprehensive business communications within AEC.

The literature is primarily found asean economic community and developing english proficiency essay two bodies: However, there are no academic studies, to date, that specifically addressed English proficiency of the Thai workforce by directly accessing and testing human resource personnel of leading Thai companies.

The first body of literature provides assessments of English preparation at secondary and tertiary levels of the Thai educational system. This phenomenon impacted on vital English language courses at a time when the demands of globalization called for its mastering as a lingua franca for international commerce. The second body of literature consists of academic case studies that assessed the impact and importance of English proficiency within specific business environments in Thailand.

These case studies were employee-focused and applied both quantitative mostly close-ended questionnaires and qualitative interviews methods of inquiry.

All of these studies acknowledged the importance of English proficiency for the success of the business and for job advancement of its employees. Because of the pioneering effort of this study, importance was determined to be assessed in relation to the company demographic factors of managerial level of the respondent, amount of company profit, number of employees, capital investment in business, and business sector categorization.

Location of the company in Thailand was not used as a demographic variable because virtually all the businesses examined were in the greater Bangkok area.

Benefits of the Asean Economic Community (AEC) Essay

Demographic factors have a significant influence on the assessed level of importance of English proficiency of the workforce in a private Thai company. The managerial level of the respondent has a significant influence on the assessed level of importance of English proficiency of the workforce in a private Thai company. The amount of profit has a significant influence on the assessed level of importance of English proficiency of the workforce in a private Thai company.

The number of employees has a significant influence on the assessed level of importance of English proficiency of the workforce in a private Thai company. Capital investment in the business has a significant influence on the assessed level of importance of English proficiency of the workforce in a private Thai company. Business sector categorization has a significant influence on the assessed level of importance of English proficiency of the workforce in a private Thai company.

Demographic factors have a significant influence on the overall assessment of English proficiency of the workforce in a private Thai company.

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The managerial level of the respondent has a significant influence on the overall assessment of English proficiency of the workforce in a private Thai company. The amount of profit has a significant influence on the overall assessment of English proficiency of the workforce in a private Thai company. The number of employees has a significant influence on the overall assessment of English proficiency of the workforce in a private Thai company.

Capital investment in the business has a significant influence on the overall assessment of English proficiency of the workforce in a private Thai company. Business sector categorization has a significant influence on the overall assessment of English proficiency of the workforce in a private Thai company. This study looked to see if the top private companies in Thailand emulated a similar level of resource allocation policy regarding English language training. Demographic factors have a significant influence on the level of resource asean economic community and developing english proficiency essay for preparedness to achieve desirable English proficiency of the workforce in a private Thai company.

The managerial level of the respondent has a significant influence on the assessment of the level of resource allocation for preparedness to achieve desirable English proficiency of the workforce in a private Thai company.

The amount of profit has a significant influence on the level of resource allocation for preparedness to achieve desirable English proficiency of the workforce in a private Thai company.

The number of employees has a significant influence on the level of resource allocation for preparedness to achieve desirable English proficiency of the workforce in a private Thai company.

Asean economic community and developing english proficiency essay

Capital investment in the business has a significant influence on the level of resource allocation for preparedness to achieve desirable English proficiency of the workforce in a private Thai company.

Business sector categorization has a significant influence on the level of resource allocation for preparedness to achieve desirable English proficiency of the workforce in a private Thai company. The body of literature regarding the degree of ease in learning English is mixed. However, while these served to enhance motivation, some respondents found English to be an unpopular and difficult subject due to inadequate teaching and insufficient resources for learning Kaur et al.

  1. Adult literacy development and economic growth stephen reder portland state university august 2010.
  2. This is the first academic study to utilize a sample population consisting of human resources personnel from the top 100 private companies in Thailand who are in charge of employee training for learning English. Conclusions and Suggestions for Future Research This study is a pioneering effort in regards to the population sampled.
  3. Furthermore, Asean will suffer the departure of a strong leader as the current Asean Secretary General, Thai diplomat Surin Pitsuwan, is completing his 5-year term as Asean Secretary-General this year. These case studies were employee-focused and applied both quantitative mostly close-ended questionnaires and qualitative interviews methods of inquiry.

Demographic factors have a significant influence on assessment of ease in learning English. The managerial level of the respondent has a significant influence on the assessment of ease in learning English. The amount of profit has a significant influence on the assessment of ease in learning English. The number of employees has a significant influence on the assessment of ease in learning English.

Capital investment in the business has a significant influence on the assessment of ease in learning English. Business sector categorization has a significant influence on the assessment of ease in learning English. This study then sought to determine if Thais liked learning the language.

Demographic factors have a significant influence on the perception of Thais liking to learn English. The managerial level of the respondent has a significant influence on the perception of Thais liking to learn English. The amount of profit has a significant influence on the perception of Thais liking to learn English.

  • The new Blueprint will not only ensure that the 10 ASEAN Member States are economically integrated, but are also sustainably and gainfully integrated in the global economy, thus contributing to the goal of shared prosperity;
  • Self-administered questionnaires were used to obtain self-assessments on the issues of level of English proficiency, language training, resource allocation for communication preparedness in AEC, and overall perceptions of the importance of mastering English within their respective companies;
  • English is recognized as the global language or lingua franca of business communication Baker, 2015; Crystal, 2003; Jenkins, 2007; Seidlhofer, 2011; Sharifian, 2009 [5] [6] [7] [8] [9];
  • Demographic factors have a significant influence on the perception of Thais liking to learn English;
  • All scales had a Cronbach alpha internal reliability score that exceeded 0.

The number of employees has a significant influence on the perception of Thais liking to learn English. Capital investment in the business has a significant influence on the perception of Thais liking to learn English.

Business sector categorization has a significant influence on the perception of Thais liking to learn English. Sample Population The persons being examined were personnel responsible for English preparedness at the top 100 private companies in Thailand.

A listing of the top 100 companies was compiled by information obtained from the Stock Exchange of Thailand SET as well regional and local business publications. Out of the 100 companies contacted, 67 companies responded.

The remaining 33 companies were contacted, by email, three different times over the course of one calendar year and failed to participate.

  1. Externally, managers in countries such as the US, Canada and Europe are going to have to start paying better attention to this new opportunity. In 2014, AEC was collectively the third largest economy in Asia and the seventh largest in the world.
  2. Demographic factors have a significant influence on the level of resource allocation for preparedness to achieve desirable English proficiency of the workforce in a private Thai company. There is plenty of research to suggest that proficiency in english has direct links to the economic strength of developing nations one study commissioned by the british council found that developing countries with even moderate english-language competency were able to attract substantially greater investment from countries such.
  3. Conclusions and Suggestions for Future Research This study is a pioneering effort in regards to the population sampled.

All scales had a Cronbach alpha internal reliability score that exceeded 0. The questionnaire was translated into Thai and was administered as a document only in the Thai language. Data Analysis and Discussion of Research Findings 5. Data Analysis Participants in the study were human resources professionals involved in the administration of English-language training in their respective companies.

As shown in Table 1the respondents were predominately female 64. The issue of social desirability bias as a possible response contaminant is discussed later in this study. The companies that they represented were primarily moderate to large in size with 71.

ASEAN Economic Community

Twenty-six asean economic community and developing english proficiency essay the companies or 38. Three of the participants 4. The first hypothesis suggested that perception of the importance of English preparedness would vary by business sector, by the managerial level of employment by the size of the company in terms of gross profits from the previous year and by number of employees. The responses from the human resources personnel, which made up the sample population, are presented in Table 2.

The respondents were requested to express their level of overall assessment as to the perceived English proficiency of personnel employed in their respective company. Table 3 provides the outcome of this inquiry. The results appear to suggest that significant efforts may have been made in attaining English proficiency across the companies for all demographic categories.

A greater proportion of executives strongly agreed with the assessment that their employees were proficient in English than non-executive personnel. This will also be addressed in the section on social desirability bias.

The results are presented in Table 4. Across each of the various demographic categories, the majority of the companies agreed that their level of resource allocation was adequate. However, few Table 1. Gender, presented in the profile of the sample population Table 1was not operationalized for this study because there were no material differences in assessments based on this variable.

Those expressing disagreement were mainly in the primary sector with over five hundred employees. The phenomena of higher percentages of agreement by executive-level personnel versus non-executive reappear in this data. This is discussed further in the section on social desirability bias. Respondents were then questioned about the level of difficulty or ease in learning English.

  • In China and India, the AEC also is not fully appreciated nor understood and both Indian and Chinese managers need to also focus more attention and to travel and address the opportunities that the AEC presents;
  • Demographic factors have a significant influence on the assessed level of importance of English proficiency of the workforce in a private Thai company;
  • The new Blueprint will not only ensure that the 10 ASEAN Member States are economically integrated, but are also sustainably and gainfully integrated in the global economy, thus contributing to the goal of shared prosperity;
  • The first body of literature provides assessments of English preparation at secondary and tertiary levels of the Thai educational system.

There was a strong consistency among all the company demographics as to the difficulty by ranking of the four basic English skills listening, reading, speaking, and writing. Speaking was considered the most difficult followed by Listening. Writing ranked next with Reading considered being the least difficult of the four skills. Despite stated attempts by the companies studied to increase English proficiency in their respective work environments, this study found that there did not exist any pervasive human resource practices to test prospective employees as to their English proficiency.

What little testing existed, primarily focused on the skills of Speaking and Listening. Table 5 presents the results of questioning as to the overall degree of ease in learning English as per company demographics. When asked about how difficult it was to learn English, none of the respondents strongly disagreed that learning English was easy. However, there very small percentages of the respondents strongly agreeing that learning English was easy. Most respondents fell in the middle with about a third of the respondents somewhat disagreeing as to the ease of learning English and about half somewhat agreeing with the idea that learning English was easy.

A final question examined whether the human resources personnel perceived that Thais actually liked to learn English. Respondents were asked to express their level of agreement with a statement that Thais liked learning English. Their response is provided in Table 6. While no one expressed strong disagreement with the idea that Thais liked learning English, most did express some disagreement with the statement.

Social Desirability Bias Social desirability bias generally refers to a tendency within self-reporting wherein a respondent provides information to make himself look good in lieu of more accurate and truthful information.

Paulus 1984 [68] identified two independent dimensions regarding social desirability bias.