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An essay on the aspects of a peaceful culture

Reports of cruel and humiliating punishment, genital mutilation of girls, neglect, sexual abuse, homicide, and other forms of violence against children have long been recorded, but the grave and urgent nature of this global problem has only recently been revealed. Violence against children takes a variety of forms and is influenced by a wide range of factors, from the personal characteristics of the victim and perpetrator to their cultural and physical environments. However, much violence against children remains hidden for many reasons.

In many cases parents, who should protect their children, remain silent if the violence is perpetrated by a spouse or other family member, a more powerful member of society such as an employer, a police officer, or a community leader. In particular, rape or other forms of sexual violence can lead to ostracism, further violence, or death.

Societal acceptance of violence is also an important factor: The lack of an explicit legal prohibition of corporal punishment reflects this. Violence is also invisible because there are no safe or trusted ways for children or adults to report it. In some parts of the world, people do not trust police, social services or others in authority; in others, particularly rural areas, there is no accessible authority to which one can report.

How Tourism Promote Culture of Peace Essay

In particular, little data are available about violence within care and detention institutions in most parts of the world because, although incidents may be documented, most institutions are not required to register and disclose this information — even to the parents of the children concerned.

Emerging picture A variety of initiatives ranging from international statistical analysis to action research at local level provide a clearer picture of the magnitude and pervasive nature of the problem. Data generated by these initiatives indicate that while some violence is unexpected and isolated, the majority of violent acts experienced by children is perpetrated by people who are part of their lives: The following examples show the range of violence against children: Studies from many countries in all regions of the world suggest that up to 80 to 98 per cent of children suffer physical punishment in their homes, with a third or more experiencing severe physical punishment resulting from the use of implements.

Reporting on a wide range of developing countries, the Global School-based Health Survey recently found that between 20 and 65 per cent of school-aged children reported having been verbally or physically bullied in the past 30 days. Bullying is also frequent in industrialized countries.

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WHO estimates that 150 million girls and 73 million boys under 18 experienced forced sexual intercourse or other forms of sexual violence during 2002.

Estimates from 2000 suggest that 5. However, compared with estimates published in 2002, the incidence of child labour has diminished by 11 per cent and 25 per cent fewer children were found working in hazardous occupations.

Violence in schools and educational settings In most countries, children spend more time in the care of adults in educational settings than anywhere else outside of their homes. Schools have an important role in protecting children from violence.

For many children educational settings expose them to violence and may teach them violence. However, death and serious injuries due to violence are less likely to happen to children in schools than in their homes or the wider community. Violence perpetrated by teachers and other school staff, with or without the overt or tacit approval of education ministries and other authorities that oversee schools, includes corporal punishment, cruel and humiliating forms of psychological punishment, sexual and gender-based violence, and bullying.

Corporal punishment such as beating and caning is standard practice in schools in a large number of countries.

Promoting a culture of peace and non-violence

The Global Initiative to End All Corporal Punishment of Children reports that 102 countries have banned corporal punishment in school, but enforcement is uneven. Violence in schools in the form of playground fighting and bullying of students also occurs. Bullying is frequently associated with discrimination against students from poor families or ethnically marginalized groups, or those with particular personal characteristics e.

Bullying is most commonly verbal, but physical violence also occurs. Schools are also affected by events in the wider community, for example, increased incidence of gang culture and gang-related criminal activity, particularly related to drugs.

Culture of Peace and Non-Violence

Sexual and gender-based violence also occurs in educational settings. Much is directed against girls, by male teachers and classmates. Violence is also increasingly directed against lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgendered young people in many States and regions. Advocate a holistic approach involving students, school staff, parents and the community.

Make your students your partners in preventing violence. Use constructive discipline techniques and methods.

  1. Societal acceptance of violence is also an important factor. Freedom, justice and equality were the ends he had in mind.
  2. Respect for human rights supports the social and emotional development of children by ensuring their human dignity and fundamental freedoms, which are necessary for students to reach their full potential. The elaboration and establishment of a culture of peace require the whole-hearted participation of everyone.
  3. In particular, little data are available about violence within care and detention institutions in most parts of the world because, although incidents may be documented, most institutions are not required to register and disclose this information — even to the parents of the children concerned.

Be an active and effective force to stop bullying. Be a positive role model by speaking out against sexual and gender-based violence. Be an advocate for school safety mechanisms. Provide safe and welcoming spaces for students. Learn violence prevention and conflict resolution skills and teach them to students.

Recognize violence and discrimination against students with disabilities, and those from indigenous, minority and other marginalized communities. Transmitting knowledge is only one part of what teachers do.

They also make an essential contribution to the emotional and cognitive development of children, and play a central role in social development and change.

Although some students may unfortunately experience violence in their homes, teachers can provide them with alternative ways of being by modelling constructive, non-violent behaviour and by fostering empathy and peaceful conflict resolution skills.

While teachers have a key role to play in stopping violence in schools, they cannot tackle violence alone. Parents, social workers, community leaders and institutions must work side-by-side with students, teachers and administrators. This addresses the right of every person to quality education and respect for human rights. A rights-based approach increases access to and participation in schooling as it fosters inclusion, diversity, equal opportunities and non-discrimination.

  1. Further, United Nations has also focused on peace and tourism and has identified creating peace through tourism is an important means to create peace in the world.
  2. Violence against children takes a variety of forms and is influenced by a wide range of factors, from the personal characteristics of the victim and perpetrator to their cultural and physical environments. Later on, during the fifties, some fifty or more Nobel Laureates made a fervent appeal to the great powers of the world never to allow a nuclear holocaust.
  3. Both, actor- oriented direct violence i. This global movement should help change the culture of war into a culture of peace by uniting all groups, agencies, associations, governments and, especially, individuals within a comprehensive network that works towards the emergence of a culture of peace.
  4. On this choice hinges the future of human civilization.

It improves the quality of education by promoting student-centred and participatory teaching practices and by creating a safe learning environment, both of which are fundamental for learning to take place.

Respect for human rights supports the social and emotional development of children by ensuring their human dignity and fundamental freedoms, which are necessary for students to reach their full potential. Moreover, respect for human rights lays the groundwork for a culture of peace by fostering respect for differences, which is critical to violence prevention. This article was published on January 30th:

  • Man was not the master of nature; he was part of it and he had to live in harmony with nature;
  • The role of tourism and peace can be viewed from two perspectives, namely socio cultural and political Kunwar, 2010;
  • Border Tourism in Israel;
  • In particular, little data are available about violence within care and detention institutions in most parts of the world because, although incidents may be documented, most institutions are not required to register and disclose this information — even to the parents of the children concerned;
  • If Gandhi stood for peace and non-violence then obviously there was no place for violence of any type in his society.