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Americanization during the late 19th century essay

Americanization During the Late 19th Century Essay

Hire Writer Irish street gangs also helped Americanize the immigrants; specifically, they taught them the importance of racial boundaries. As the first immigrant group to settle in American cities, they managed to gain control of much of the residential space and move slightly up the social hierarchy where they were factory foremen and store clerks. So, they created ethnic spaces that persisted for decades and were validated by adults.

The other immigrants as well as African-American migrants learned and imitated this exclusive attitude and formed street gangs themselves.

Americanization during the late 19th century essay

The obsession with race and racism became a part of the American identity. Some of the new immigrants did not go to church every Sunday or contribute towards the collection box every Sunday.

In contrast, the conservative Irish were well-known for their reverence. As far as the native-born Irishmen were concerned, in order to be a good American, one needed to be a devout Irish Catholic. The earlier generation of immigrants, who had lived in the United States for less than a decade, had developed ways to cope with these rigors of wage labor and had years of urban and industrial experience. Racism did occur since these old immigrants were comprised of British, German, Scandinavians, English-speaking Canadians, and Irish laborers.

However, these people understood the value of interethnic cooperation and thus a new working class culture was born. There was a high advocacy for trade unionism and Socialism which praised the laborer.

  1. The advocates of the second view, considered "conservatives," tended to be traditionalists who regarded America's infatuation with the new technology, "materialism," and social reform as a dangerous context for preserving the troubled immigrants' faith. Start studying apush unit 6 study guide of women in the american labor force during the late 19th in the late 19th century american economy had.
  2. The Story of the Immaculata Mighty Macs 2003 , a study of a Catholic girls' college basketball team as "lived religion," and is completing her next book, The Other Catholic Church, on independent Catholic traditions in the United States. The older Americans blamed Catholicism for the immigrants' "foreign ways.
  3. Immigration is, of course, still very much a part of the American reality and public debate.

Many educated and politically active immigrant laborers from various ethnic backgrounds and joined the Socialist Labor party and the Communist party.

When unions organized, all racial, religious, and cultural barriers went away. This certainly was not the kind of Americanization that employers and the native-born citizens had in mind but it was how many new immigrants discovered America.

  1. Then, refocus the discussion to make the point that in the nineteenth century, the immigrants' RELIGION, Catholicism, became a focal point for these feelings about immigration on both sides.
  2. They felt threatened that America might soon become a "Catholic" country; they worried that the Catholic religion, with its hierarchies and traditions, had made the immigrants unsuitable for democratic and individualistic America.
  3. Then, refocus the discussion to make the point that in the nineteenth century, the immigrants' RELIGION, Catholicism, became a focal point for these feelings about immigration on both sides. America, for its part, docked ship after ship at Ellis Island for both idealistic and practical reasons.
  4. Historians Debate In some ways, the Catholic immigrants of the nineteenth century faced as much conflict within their churches as without.

The social construction of whiteness was also vital in the Americanization process. It was not just informal racism from native-born citizens that the immigrants faced; they also had to contend with the institutionalized racism.

There was especially great fear over interracial relationships despite their infrequency. Also, having a pale skin color and the ability to speak English did not always ensure that one could become white.

For example, in the South, an American would not engage in agricultural, manual labor, that was work for the Negroes. Naturally, seeing that the Italians were willing to do this work, U. In order to be one hundred percent white and one hundred percent American, immigrants had to completely abandon all sense of national pride and identify completely with the United States.

A large part of the immigrant population did so willingly while some immigrants like the Jews and Italians chose to identify with nonwhites with whom they often shared their lives with. Americanization for the new immigrants meant various things depending on where in the U.

It was a lifelong process that involved daily observation and learning new ideas from a wide variety of sources such as the vaudeville house, the saloon, the workplace, and the street corner. Americanization was just as much about establishing race and class divisions as it was about integrating the Eastern and Southern European immigrant groups with the Northern Europeans.

It was usually a coercive process since their lives and their jobs were dependent upon them becoming American. How to cite this page Choose cite format: