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What were the short term significances of

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June 11, 2013 by sgtpegasus in War! It also created huge divides in British society, media and government, with a number of speeches in Parliament denouncing the war and its practices. The ultimatum called for the withdrawal of all British troops from the borders of the Boer Republics and was swiftly rejected by the British.

The tension had been high what were the short term significances of the end of the First Boer War but escalated after the discovery of gold and diamonds in the Transvaal which highly increased British interest in combining the Boer Republics into the British Empire.

After 3 years of fighting a numerous bloody noses, the British finally defeated the Boers and gained control of the Boer Republics. However, the war was not as favourably looked on as most other colonial wars the British Empire fought.

These concentration camps caused huge debate and criticism due to the appalling conditions endured by the occupants. He proved this by quoting two letters sent between Lord Roberts and the Boer kommandant General Botha. This caused Botha to reply saying that the Scorched Earth policy was not needed by the British anyway, as the guerrilla fighters were spread out over large distances and not housed with any of the native Boer population, as some of the British High Command and more Conservative MPs seemed to believe.

This suggests that the British were aware of the fact they were committing numerous war crimes and breaching the law of war. This caused shockwaves throughout the world, when the conditions in camps were made public, the opposition to the war at home massively increased and the British drew vicious and increasing criticism from within and from watching powers.

Kitchener confirmed numerous claims that the death rate in the camps was as much as 450 per thousand. Both of these sources can be relatively trusted as it is from the time of the conflict and it has the British High Command admitting the figures that people have claimed to be true are actually correct. The sources also shed light onto the opposition to the war at home, with numerous MPs in Parliament voicing opposition to the war, creating a split in government possibly showing that the Empire was weak.

The failures of Britain in the war were not just on a humanitarian level.

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Throughout the war, the British Army struggled to contain the Boers, pouring huge amount of resources into relieving the sieges of Mafeking, Ladysmith and Kimberly in the early stages of the war, with the siege of Mafeking lasting 217 days from October 1899 until May 1900. However, even after the British had dispersed the Boer forces in the last pitched battle of the war Bergendal in August 1900public support for the war decreased after that, the longer the war went on, the more support waned for the war, and, most importantly, questions about the concentration camps started to arise.

The speeches from the Houses of Parliament show the clear split in government at the time, with many Liberal MPs desperate to put an end to the suffering in the camps, most even wanted an end to the war itself.

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This split showed a weakness in the British Empire, showing a divide which, if exploited in the right way as the Boers nearly did, could be fatal for the British. Those watching from afar had also seen this. There were covetous as well as gloating French eyes on colonial Africa, too, and opportunistic Russian eyes on the North-West Frontier of India.

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However, this is not necessarily true. They had come face to face with guerrilla warfare and, whilst using fairly brutal tactics to defeat it, had come out victorious.

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Kipling was right in his prediction of the British learning from the war, for decades to come, the lessons of the Boer War served the British well all over the Empire, crushing rebellions in Borneo, Malaya and Kenya which were all fought using guerrilla tactics. The war also drew in a huge amount of resources from the rest of the Empire. Once the Boers had been defeated on the battlefield, the few hard liners left, led by Christian de Wet, waged a guerrilla war and caused the British no end of problems.

Soldiers as far away from Canada fought for the British in the war, and suffered in just the same way. The letters of Trooper W.

Squadron, 2nd Canadian Contingent, show the appalling conditions all troops went through simply to defeat the Boers but also have a surprising chirpiness in their tone, suggesting the troops themselves were confident the war would be worth it for the sake of the Empire and were happy enough to fight and save the reputation of the Army and of the Empire.

It suggests that dominions of the Empire were actually in support of the war, much more so than the actual British themselves.

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However, not all soldiers share the views of Trooper Snyder. This not only put even more of a strain on Britain after pouring so many resources into the war in the first place, but it was also embarrassing. After being pushed all the way by a group of farmers, they then had to also pay them a huge sum for beating them.

In conclusion, the Boer war had a long lasting effect upon the British Empire, some positive effects and some negative effects. The British were certainly less foolhardy in more colonial wars in the future and were much more efficient in crushing their enemies, the war taught the Army new things and advanced them to a new level of warfare. However, the war also encouraged nationalist uprisings in many colonies over the next few decades, particularly in Ireland where Irish nationalists sympathised with the Boer struggle against the British.

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It also encouraged other European powers to challenge the British as it showed that the Empire was not as strong as it first appeared. Finally, the war caused huge divides in British politics and society for many years, the use of concentration camps still causes controversy today, over 100 years since the war ended.

Boers at Spion Kop Sources: The Making of the British Army: No End of a Lesson Secondary source.