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Using education to prevent crimes in juveniles

Sociologists have devoted the most attention to the issue of criminality, and many of them have steered their attention to basic questions about the nature of youth crime.

Prevention and intervention programs for juvenile offenders.

Who commits delinquent acts? Are trends of juvenile delinquency increasing or decreasing? What can society do to prevent juvenile delinquency? Consequently, juveniles who violate the law receive considerable attention from law enforcement officers, social service agencies, behavioral scientists, and criminologists.

Family-based Programs for Preventing and Reducing Juvenile Crime

It is a tragedy that many American children grow up in dysfunctional families headed by substance abusing parents, live in deteriorated neighborhoods, have access to dangerous weapons, are lured by criminal gangs, and are constantly exposed to extremes of poverty and violence. Some suffer from psychological and emotional problems.

  1. The answers to these questions are rooted deep in the theories of juvenile delinquency. Investing in successful delinquency-prevention programs can save taxpayers seven to ten dollars for every dollar invested, primarily in the form of reduced spending on prisons.
  2. Knowing the importance of their roles in the lives of children places great responsibility on families and schools throughout the country. This latest generation of adolescents is lost in a world of materialism.
  3. The assumed relationship between delinquency and family life is critical today because the traditional American family is rapidly changing.
  4. World Report on Violence and Health. Taxpayer Costs Avoided through Preventing Crime.

This latest generation of adolescents is lost in a world of materialism. By age eighteen, they have spent more time in front of a cell phone and television than in a classroom; each year they may see hundreds of murders, rapes, and violent assaults through various media platforms.

What effects do these exposures to poverty and violence have on child development? Why do some kids continually get in trouble with the law, escalate the seriousness of their offenses, and become adult criminals? Why do others desist from delinquent activities? The answers to these questions are rooted deep in the theories of juvenile delinquency. However, by exploring the environmental influences of family and school on adolescents, the nature and extent of juvenile delinquency can better be explained.

Roles of Family and School in Preventing Juvenile Delinquency

Family Influence The family is the key social institution that provides the nurturing socialization of young children Glueck, 1967. The assumed relationship between delinquency and family life is critical today because the traditional American family is rapidly changing. It has become a thing of the past. Today, it seems much more of child-rearing is delegated to nannies, baby-sitters, and day care providers. Despite these changes, many families are able to adapt and continue functioning as healthy and caring units.

But some families crumble under the chaotic stress, severely damaging the present and future of their children. It is obvious that the family cannot totally control outside influences upon its members, but it can have a significant impact on shaping the extent to which children are exposed to other major agents of socialization.

The connection seems self-evident because a child is first socialized at home and from the beginning learns values, beliefs, and behaviors from parents and other family members. Despite good intentions, it is simply more difficult for one parent to provide the same degree of control, discipline, and support as two. The large number of married women working outside the home is a recent phenomenon in the last forty years, which has undoubtedly impacted the American family.

One of the major problems faced by working mothers is finding adequate child care at affordable costs. These children are using education to prevent crimes in juveniles more likely to get into trouble than children who return home to the supervision of a parent or guardian. The general path towards occupational prestige is education, and when juveniles are deprived of this avenue of success through poor academic performance, there is a greater likelihood of deviant behavior.

In other words, students who are labeled early in their educational career may engage in types of behavior which are expected to accompany those labels. Failing grades, truancy, and dropping out are only some of the responses available to students who do not succeed in the school system.

Students who cannot cope with the unsuccessful school experience feel they essentially have two options: Ironically, school attendance laws limit those options to the latter. This feeling of frustration is usually vented as aggressive behavior towards teachers and peers alike. So, the very kids who should not be in the school environment are forced to attend because of compulsory education laws. There are serious problems associated with stereotyping, labeling, tracking, and programming failure into some students.

Education officials need to institute more programs that will make schools more effective instruments of delinquency prevention. There must also be counseling services available to help students who have already manifested behavioral problems. It is important to realize that the school system did not create juvenile delinquency. Thus, implementing these types of educational programs does not guarantee a solution. However, schools can either aggravate or reduce the problem according to the ways they dispense rewards and punishments.

In these realms children learn the values, attitudes, and processes that will guide their actions from adolescence into adulthood, and throughout the rest of their lives.

  1. The assumed relationship between delinquency and family life is critical today because the traditional American family is rapidly changing.
  2. Taxpayer Costs Avoided through Preventing Crime.
  3. So, the very kids who should not be in the school environment are forced to attend because of compulsory education laws.
  4. Consequently, juveniles who violate the law receive considerable attention from law enforcement officers, social service agencies, behavioral scientists, and criminologists. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1036.

Knowing the importance of their roles in the lives of children places great responsibility on families and schools throughout the country.

Since there is such a significant correlation between these two social units and delinquency, both units must be more proactive to prevent aggressive, antisocial behavior from escalating into criminal behavior.

Family Environment and Delinquency. Theory, Practice, and Law. Proactive and reactive aggression in delinquent adolescents: Relations to aggression outcome expectancies. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 29, 86-93.