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Thesis statement for lord of the flies civilization vs savagery

Ms Davidson 9 Comments Choose a novel in which an important theme is explored. Explain how the author develops this theme throughout the novel. The Lord of the Flies by William Golding is a novel in which the theme of savagery versus civilisation is explored. Some British boys are stranded on an isolated island at the time of an imaginary nuclear war. On the island we see conflict between two main characters, Jack and Ralph, who respectively represent civilisation and savagery.

Lord of the Flies – sample essay.

This has an effect on the rest of the boys throughout the novel as they delve further and further into savagery. The theme of savagery versus civilisation is first introduced to us through the symbol of the conch shell which we associate with Ralph as he is the person who first uses it and becomes the elected leader of the boys.

This symbolises authority amongst the boys.

This suggests civilisation as Ralph is allowing each boy to have an equal say and opinion. If they have the conch, no matter who they are or what age they are they will be given the chance to speak and will be listened to by the rest of the boys.

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The boys have created the island to be a democratic place which shows a civilised side to them as they try to mimic the homes they have just left. Contrasting with the symbol of the conch is the symbol of the beast which comes to be associated with Jack as by the end of the novel he is almost devil worshipping it. The first quote shows us that the beast is clearly evil. Western society considers snakes to be bad omens because it was a snake that led Eve to eat from the tree of knowledge.

As the boys fear of the beast grows so to does the beast itself until it has manifested into the devil — the ultimate and most powerful evil. He has a strong status as a Lord although it is over something pretty disgusting — the flies.

The boys belief in the beast leads them to behave more like savages as they act out from their fear and they begin to loose hold of the rules, led by Jack, thus demonstrating the theme of savagery.

One of ways Golding shows conflict between savagery and civilisation is when Jack and some of the other boys are killing the first pig.

Lord of the Flies: Civilization vs. Savagery Essay

This shows that the boys are no longer feeling guilty about what they have done thus showing them becoming savages. At the start of the book Jack would never have dared touch Piggy, but here he actually snaps and goes for Piggy who he despises. Piggy sounds like he is hurting and is genuinely terrified about what Jack might do to him and the loss of his sight. This is the first true piece of violence between the two factions on the island and it will result in nearly all the boys becoming savages.

A final way in which we see the theme of savagery versus civilisation being demonstrated is when Ralph sticks up for Piggy after he is attacked by Jack. This shows that Ralph is really angry at Jack for what he said and did to Piggy. He is still attempting to impose himself as leader here as he says this in an aggressive and assertive tone.

This suggests there is still some glimmers of civilisation on the island at this point as there is still someone with a sense of moral goodness ready to fight for justice.

Lord Of The Flies Thesis Statement

In conclusion The Lord of the Flies by William Golding is a novel in which the theme of savagery versus civilisation is shown. Ralph represents civilisation as he wants to enforce rules and let everyone have an equal say. Whereas Jack who represents savagery as he rules over the boys and he is not interested in what they have to say.

  1. He is still attempting to impose himself as leader here as he says this in an aggressive and assertive tone. The theme of savagery versus civilisation is first introduced to us through the symbol of the conch shell which we associate with Ralph as he is the person who first uses it and becomes the elected leader of the boys.
  2. This civility between the boys can be seen deteriorating throughout the course of the six hunts. This deterioration started first when the three of the boys were on an expedition to search the island for any signs of other people.
  3. If they have the conch, no matter who they are or what age they are they will be given the chance to speak and will be listened to by the rest of the boys.

Through the boys actions Golding shows us that we need rules and to consciously impose them to make sure society functions properly.